Medical term 2


Published on

  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • What are some common terms that use these combining forms with a suffix? ( see next slide )
  • The basic rule for building a medical term: use a combining vowel, such as o , to connect the root to the suffix. Drop the combining vowel if the suffix begins with a vowel. Example: gastr/itis NOT gastr/o/itis. Discuss definitions of terms. otalgia-ear pain leukemia-increase in malignant (cancerous) white blood cells in blood and bone marrow. pneumonia-abnormal condition of the lungs marked by inflammation and collection of material within the air sacs of the lungs. hepatomegaly-enlargement of the liver.
  • Discuss definitions of terms. thoracentesis-a shortened form of the term, thoracocentesis, a surgical puncture of the chest to remove fluid. tonsillectomy-removal of a tonsil or tonsils. myelogram-x-ray image of the spinal cord after contrast is injected within the membranes surrounding the spinal cord in the lumbar area of the back. angiography-x-ray recording of blood vessels after contrast in injected.
  • Discuss meaning of terms. acute-sharp, sudden, and intense for a short period of time. adenocarcinoma-cancerous tumor derived from glandular cells. bronchoscopy-visual examination of bronchial tubes by passing an endoscope through the trachea (windpipe) into the bronchi. cardiomyopathy-disease of heart muscle. erythrocytosis-abnormal condition (slight increase in numbers) of red blood cells.
  • Discuss meaning of terms. hematuria-abnormal condition of blood in the urine. ischemia-deficiency of blood flow to a part of the body, caused by narrowing or obstruction of blood vessels. laparascopy-visual examination of the abdomen. mammoplasty-surgical repair (reconstruction) of the breast. otalgia-pain in an ear. phlebotomy-incision of a vein.
  • Discuss definitions of terms. rhinoplasty-surgical repair of the nose. rhinorrhea-discharge from the nose. salpingectomy-removal of a fallopian tube. septicemia-infection in the blood.
  • Discuss definitions of terms. thoracentesis-surgical puncture of the chest to remove fluid. tonsillectomy-removal of a tonsil or tonsils. uremia-abnormal condition of excessive amounts of urea in the bloodstream. vascular-pertaining to blood vessels.
  • Medical term 2

    1. 1. Suffixes
    2. 2. Learning Objectives <ul><li>Identify and define useful diagnostic and procedural suffixes. </li></ul><ul><li>Analyze, spell, and pronounce medical terms that contain diagnostic and procedural suffixes. </li></ul>
    3. 3. Combining Forms <ul><li>Combining Forms </li></ul><ul><li>aden/o </li></ul><ul><li>amni/o </li></ul><ul><li>angi/o </li></ul><ul><li>arteri/o </li></ul><ul><li>arthr/o </li></ul><ul><li>ather/o </li></ul><ul><li>axill/o </li></ul><ul><li>bronch/o </li></ul><ul><li>bronchi/o </li></ul><ul><li>Meaning </li></ul><ul><li>gland </li></ul><ul><li>amnion </li></ul><ul><li>vessel </li></ul><ul><li>artery </li></ul><ul><li>joint </li></ul><ul><li>plaque </li></ul><ul><li>armpit </li></ul><ul><li>bronchial tube </li></ul><ul><li>bronchial tube </li></ul>
    4. 4. Combining Forms (cont’d.) <ul><li>Combining Forms </li></ul><ul><li>carcin/o </li></ul><ul><li>cardi/o </li></ul><ul><li>chem/o </li></ul><ul><li>cholecyst/o </li></ul><ul><li>chron/o </li></ul><ul><li>col/o </li></ul><ul><li>cyst/o </li></ul><ul><li>Meaning </li></ul><ul><li>cancerous </li></ul><ul><li>heart </li></ul><ul><li>drugs </li></ul><ul><li>gallbladder </li></ul><ul><li>time </li></ul><ul><li>colon </li></ul><ul><li>urinary bladder </li></ul>
    5. 5. Suffixes <ul><li>Suffixes are divided into two groups: </li></ul><ul><li>Diagnoses-describe disease conditions or their symptoms </li></ul><ul><li>Procedures-describe procedures used in patient care </li></ul>
    6. 6. Diagnostic Suffixes <ul><li>Suffix </li></ul><ul><li>-algia </li></ul><ul><li>-emia </li></ul><ul><li>-ia </li></ul><ul><li>-itis </li></ul><ul><li>-megaly </li></ul><ul><li>-oma </li></ul><ul><li>-osis </li></ul><ul><li>Meaning </li></ul><ul><li>pain </li></ul><ul><li>blood condition </li></ul><ul><li>condition </li></ul><ul><li>inflammation </li></ul><ul><li>enlargement </li></ul><ul><li>tumor, mass </li></ul><ul><li>condition, abnormal </li></ul>
    7. 7. Diagnostic Suffixes (cont’d.) <ul><li>-pathy </li></ul><ul><li>-rrhea </li></ul><ul><li>-rrhage </li></ul><ul><li>-sclerosis </li></ul><ul><li>-uria </li></ul><ul><li>-ar </li></ul><ul><li>-ary </li></ul><ul><li>-ic </li></ul><ul><li>disease condition </li></ul><ul><li>flow, discharge </li></ul><ul><li>excessive discharge </li></ul><ul><li>Hardening </li></ul><ul><li>condition of urine </li></ul><ul><li>pertaining to </li></ul><ul><li>pertaining to </li></ul><ul><li>pertaining to </li></ul>
    8. 8. Diagnostic Suffixes <ul><li>Suffixes that describe diagnoses </li></ul><ul><li>Noun </li></ul><ul><li>Suffix Meaning Term </li></ul><ul><li>-algia pain ot algia </li></ul><ul><li>-emia blood condition leuk emia </li></ul><ul><li>-ia condition/disease pneumon ia </li></ul><ul><li>-megaly enlargement hepato megaly </li></ul>
    9. 9. Diagnostic Suffixes <ul><li>-centesis </li></ul><ul><li>-ectomy </li></ul><ul><li>-graphy </li></ul><ul><li>-lysis </li></ul><ul><li>surgical puncture to </li></ul><ul><li>remove fluid </li></ul><ul><li>removal, resection </li></ul><ul><li>process of recording </li></ul><ul><li>separation, destruction </li></ul>
    10. 10. Diagnostic Suffixes <ul><li>-plasty </li></ul><ul><li>-scopy </li></ul><ul><li>-stomy </li></ul><ul><li>-tomy </li></ul><ul><li>surgical repair </li></ul><ul><li>process of visual </li></ul><ul><li>examination </li></ul><ul><li>opening </li></ul><ul><li>incision </li></ul>
    11. 11. Procedural Suffixes <ul><li>Suffixes that describe procedures </li></ul><ul><li>Suffix Meaning Term </li></ul><ul><li>-centesis surgical puncture thora centesis </li></ul><ul><li>to remove fluid </li></ul><ul><li>-ectomy removal tonsill ectomy </li></ul><ul><li>-gram record myelo gram </li></ul><ul><li>-graphy process of angio graphy </li></ul><ul><li>recording </li></ul>
    12. 12. Pronunciation <ul><li>Term Pronunciation </li></ul><ul><li>acute ah- KUT </li></ul><ul><li>adenocarcinoma ah-deh-no-kar-sih- NO - mah </li></ul><ul><li>bronchoscopy brong- KOS -ko-pe </li></ul><ul><li>cardiomyopathy kar-de-o-mi- OP -ah-the </li></ul><ul><li>erythrocytosis eh-rith-ro-si- TO -sis </li></ul>
    13. 13. Pronunciation (cont’d.) <ul><li>Term Pronunciation </li></ul><ul><li>hematuria he-mah- TUR -e-ah </li></ul><ul><li>ischemia is- KE -me-ah </li></ul><ul><li>laparoscopy lap-ah- ROS -ko-pe </li></ul><ul><li>mammoplasty MAM -o-plas-te </li></ul><ul><li>phlebotomy fleh- BOT -o-me </li></ul>
    14. 14. Pronunciation (cont’d.) <ul><li>Term Pronunciation </li></ul><ul><li>otalgia o- TAL -jah </li></ul><ul><li>rhinoplasty RI -no-plas-te </li></ul><ul><li>rhinorrhea ri-no- RE -ah </li></ul><ul><li>salpingectomy sal-ping- JEK -to-me </li></ul><ul><li>septicemia sep-tih- SE -me-ah </li></ul>
    15. 15. Pronunciation (cont’d.) <ul><li>Term Pronunciation </li></ul><ul><li>thoracentesis tho-rah-sen- TE -sis </li></ul><ul><li>tonsillectomy ton-sih- LEK -to-me </li></ul><ul><li>uremia u- RE -me-ah </li></ul><ul><li>vascular VAS -ku-lar </li></ul>