6 TH GRADE SOCIAL STUDIES MR. SMITH 5 Regions of Canada
Atlantic Region 4 Provinces in this region and they are: Nova Scotia, Newfoundland and Labrador, New Brunswick, and Prince Edward Island. Population: 2.3 Million; first areas of European Settlement; population is declining because fishing restrictions limit jobs. Language: most speak English but some speak French.
Climate: mild; humid continental climate; wet winters; ice hockey was born here.
Buildings: 275 lighthouses in
operation on the coastline.
Economic activity : fishing
(declining), farming (limited),
Core Region The core region includes Ontario and Quebec. Population: 18.6 Million; most Canadians live here; three largest cities are Toronto, Montreal, and capital city of Ottawa; many jobs are here. Language: In Ontario most speak English; in Quebec most speak French; both are official languages of Canada; Chinese, Italian, and Portuguese are also spoken here.
Climate: humid continental climate in the south; colder with less rain in the north; Winterlude held in February.
Buildings: British and French influences; Gothic revival style; large stone buildings with tall pointed windows.
Economic Activity: manufacturing, farming (a third of all Canada’s farm products), and hydroelectric power.
Prairie Region The prairie region consists of the provinces: Alberta, Manitoba, and Saskatchewan. Population: 5 Million; fast growing area; Edmonton and Calgary are the fastest growing areas. Language: English is the first language of most people; French, German, and Ukrainian are also spoken.
Climate: Semiarid to humid continental in the south, subarctic in the north; polar bears migrate through Churchill every year.
Buildings: Farms in the southern region; barns with silos to store grain.
Economic activity: farming (half of all Canada’s farm products); mining ( more than half of all minerals in Canada); and oil (oil sands).
Pacific Region The Pacific region has only one province which is British Columbia. Population: 4 Million; most people live in or near Victoria or Vancouver or on the western slopes of the Rockies; high Asian population. Language: English is most peoples first language; Asian languages such as Punjabi, and Tagalog are also spoken.
Climate: Marine west coast along the coast; colder in the Rocky Mountains; winter surfing is a popular sport.
Buildings: Strong British influence; some buildings look almost like castles.
Economic activity: Farming and forestry are important, but mining, shipping, and hydroelectric power are the largest industries.
Northern Region Includes all of the territories: Yukon Territory, Northwest Territory, and Nunavut Territory. Population: 100,000 people; largest land area, smallest pop.; costly to live here because it’s so far from other places. Language: Most speak English as their first language; many Inuit continue to speak Inuktitut.
Climate: Tundra in the north; Subarctic in the south; all terrain vehicles are popular for transportation; dog sled racing is a popular sport.
Buildings: traditionally some Inuit made winter igloos from snow blocks; today most have house made from kits.
Economic activity: Hunting and gathering, nomadic herding, mining, government work.