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Napoleon, in brief

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  • 1. Napoleon
    1795-1815
  • 2. Rise to Power
    Minor Corsican Nobility
    Intelligent, Military Talent
    Military and Technical Eduation
    Enlightenment Values: Jacobin partisan
    Rose Rapidly in Revolutionary Army
    Politically Astute
    puts down Royalists in 1795, 1797
  • 3. First Consulate
    Napoleon removes Director AbbéSiéyès and establishes the Constitution of the Year VIII
    Universal Male Suffrage,
    First Consul (Napoleon) in full authority
    Napoleon-appointed Senate, confirming legislation suggested by Napoleon-appointed Council of State.
    Secret Police, Censorship (60 of 73 newspapers shut down), arrest and execution of royalists
    Concordat with Roman Catholic Church, Organic Articles legalize Protestantism, Judaism
  • 4. 1804 Napoleonic Code
    Public trials, juries, basic freedoms of Revolution, etc.
    Eliminates feudal privileges, serfdom, guilds, Church authority
    renews Revolutionary prohibition on worker organizations and guilds
    women 2nd class citizens:
    primacy of father over children and husband over wife
    Women’s property controlled by husbands
    divorce difficult; code eliminates exceptions and customary escapes
    But mandates distribution of inheritance among all children
    Code Napoleon spreads with conquests
  • 5.
  • 6. Napoleonic Wars
    Military Innovations
    Strategic use of Artillery
    Napoleonic Columns
    Mass Military
    General Staff System
    Operational Independence
    Hinge
    “An Army Travels On Its Stomach”
  • 7. Napoleonic Empire
  • 8. Napoleon’s Weaknesses
    Need for Total Control: Pride? Fear of Weakness? Accident of History?
    Exhaustion
    Avoidance
    England: Navy
    Spain: guerrilla
    Russia: Scorched Earth
  • 9. Charles Joseph Minard, 1861
  • 10. Napoleon’s Defeats
    Austerlitz, Waterloo
    Exiled to St. Helena, Elba
    Congress of Vienna
    Preventing Another Napoleon
    France returned to 1792 Borders
    Monarchy Legitimized
    Commitment to Stability
    Treaties Binding on States, not leaders
  • 11. Napoleon’s Legacies
    Stabilization of Revolution
    Napoleonic Code
    Sale of Louisiana Territory to United States
    Congress of Vienna and Balance of Power system
    Reactive Nationalism
  • 12.
    • Minard Map from Wikipedia image collection
    • 13. Strayer Map from Ways of the World
    • 14. Paintings of Napoleon from http://library.thinkquest.org/C0110901/standard/gallery.html
    • 15. For Full Chronology, see http://dresnerworld.edublogs.org/resources/french-revolution-napoleonic/

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