Ut Unum Sint - Joliet presentation by Br. Jeffrey Gros, FSC


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An overview of Pope John Paul II's seminal document on ecumenism and the history and teachings on unity in the Church.

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  • World Council of Churches Christ Churches Together USA Separated Bretheren Fellow Christians
  • Ut Unum Sint - Joliet presentation by Br. Jeffrey Gros, FSC

    1. 1. Ut Unum SintUt Unum Sint On Commitment to EcumenismOn Commitment to Ecumenism
    2. 2. Order of the Encyclical Catholic Commitment Fruits to Date Future Hopes
    3. 3. I THE CATHOLIC CHURCH’SI THE CATHOLIC CHURCH’S COMMITMENT TO ECUMENISMCOMMITMENT TO ECUMENISM Introduction 1 - 4Introduction 1 - 4 Way of Ecumenism:Way of Ecumenism: Way of the Church 7-14Way of the Church 7-14 Renewal and Conversion 15-Renewal and Conversion 15- 1717 Importance of Doctrine 18 -20Importance of Doctrine 18 -20 Primacy of Prayer 21 - 27Primacy of Prayer 21 - 27
    4. 4. IntroductionIntroduction  MartyrsMartyrs  Conversion or HeartConversion or Heart  Purification of MemoriesPurification of Memories  Conversion of Peter / Duty ofConversion of Peter / Duty of Bishop of RomeBishop of Rome
    5. 5. http://www.youtube.com/watch_pophttp://www.youtube.com/watch_pop up?up? v=VYMK14ATxNU&vq=large#t=15v=VYMK14ATxNU&vq=large#t=15
    6. 6. Way of the ChurchWay of the Church Remorse and Responsibility forRemorse and Responsibility for DivisionDivision Christ / Unity / ChurchChrist / Unity / Church ““subsists in”subsists in”
    7. 7. DIRECTORY FOR THE APPLICATION OF PRINCIPLES AND NORMS ON ECUMENISM Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity 1993
    8. 8. Catholic IdentityCatholic Identity  catholic faithcatholic faith  faith of the church through the agesfaith of the church through the ages  the faith we sharethe faith we share  with Protestants and Orthodoxwith Protestants and Orthodox  Divisions vs differencesDivisions vs differences  VS sectarianismVS sectarianism  indifferentismindifferentism
    9. 9. Role of DoctrineRole of Doctrine Religious LibertyReligious Liberty  Integrity of the FaithIntegrity of the Faith  InculturationInculturation  All Faithful / All DisciplinesAll Faithful / All Disciplines  Not Appendix / Organic toNot Appendix / Organic to
    10. 10. Vatican II Sacraments inVatican II Sacraments in Other ChurchesOther Churches All of these [All of these [sacred elementssacred elements], which come from], which come from Christ and lead back to him, belong by right toChrist and lead back to him, belong by right to the one church of Christ. The separated brethrenthe one church of Christ. The separated brethren also carry out many of thealso carry out many of the sacred actionssacred actions of theof the Christian religion. Undoubtedly, in many waysChristian religion. Undoubtedly, in many ways that vary according to the conditions of eachthat vary according to the conditions of each church or community, these actions can trulychurch or community, these actions can truly engender aengender a life of gracelife of grace and can be rightlyand can be rightly described as capable of providingdescribed as capable of providing access to theaccess to the community of salvationcommunity of salvation.. (Vatican II 1965)(Vatican II 1965)
    11. 11. •Ecumenical Dialogue 28 - 30 • Local Dialogue 31 - 32 • Dialogue as Examination of Conscience • Dialogue as Means of Resolving Disagreements
    12. 12. Nature of Dialogue # 28Nature of Dialogue # 28 -38-38 Personal DignityPersonal Dignity  Exchange of GiftsExchange of Gifts  Reciprocity / Truth : Hierarchy of TruthsReciprocity / Truth : Hierarchy of Truths  Local StructuresLocal Structures  Examination of Conscience / ConfidenceExamination of Conscience / Confidence  Sinful StructuresSinful Structures
    13. 13. World Council of Churches
    14. 14. Dialogue GoalsDialogue Goals  Full CommunionFull Communion  Mutual UnderstandingMutual Understanding  Pastoral Ethical IssuesPastoral Ethical Issues
    15. 15. DialoguesDialogues Goal: full visible unityGoal: full visible unity  Polish National CatholicPolish National Catholic  Eastern OrthodoxEastern Orthodox  Oriental OrthodoxOriental Orthodox  (Assyrian Church of the East)(Assyrian Church of the East)
    16. 16. DialoguesDialogues Goal: full visible unityGoal: full visible unity  Episcopal (ARCUSA)Episcopal (ARCUSA)  Lutheran (ELCA, LC-MS observing)Lutheran (ELCA, LC-MS observing)  United MethodistUnited Methodist  Presbyterian/ReformedPresbyterian/Reformed  Reformed Church in America,Reformed Church in America,  Presbyterian, Christian ReformedPresbyterian, Christian Reformed  United Church of ChristUnited Church of Christ  Faith and Order, NCCFaith and Order, NCC  (Pentecostal Churches, Peace(Pentecostal Churches, Peace Churches, Black Churches +)
    17. 17. DialoguesDialogues Goal: MutualGoal: Mutual UnderstandingUnderstanding  United StatesUnited States  Southern Baptist ConventionSouthern Baptist Convention  Holy SeeHoly See  Baptist World AllianceBaptist World Alliance  MennonitesMennonites  PentecostalsPentecostals  World Evangelical AllianceWorld Evangelical Alliance
    18. 18. Order of the Encyclical Catholic Commitment Fruits to Date Future Hopes
    19. 19. II THE FRUITS OF DIALOGUEII THE FRUITS OF DIALOGUE •Brotherhood Rediscovered 41 -42 • Solidarity in Service 43 • Together in Worship and Word 44 -46 • Appreciating Other Christians’ Gifts 47 - 48 • Growth of Communion 49
    20. 20. SolidaritySolidarity Christian Churches Together USA Separated Brethren Fellow Christians
    21. 21. Contribution of WorshipContribution of Worship  Biblical RenewalBiblical Renewal  Liturgical ConvergenceLiturgical Convergence  Sacramental ConvergenceSacramental Convergence  Sacramental SharingSacramental Sharing
    23. 23.  Churches of the East 59 - 51Churches of the East 59 - 51  Resuming Contacts 52 - 54Resuming Contacts 52 - 54  Sister Churches 55 - 58Sister Churches 55 - 58  Progress in Dialogue 59 - 61Progress in Dialogue 59 - 61  Ancient Churches of the East 62 - 63Ancient Churches of the East 62 - 63
    24. 24. Mary the Mother of God
    25. 25. Churches and EcclesialChurches and Ecclesial Communities of the West 64 -70Communities of the West 64 -70  Ecclesial Relations 71 – 73Ecclesial Relations 71 – 73 Achievements of Cooperation 74 -Achievements of Cooperation 74 - 7676
    26. 26. Reformation Churches  Common Baptism & Western Heritage  Defectus and Fullness of . Eucharistic Mystery  Ecumenical Movement & Peace with Catholic
    27. 27. Pentecostal Dialogue in Latin America
    28. 28. Order of the Encyclical Catholic Commitment Fruits to Date Future Hopes
    29. 29. III WHAT IS THE FUTUREIII WHAT IS THE FUTURE DIRECTION ?DIRECTION ? Continuing and Deepening Dialogue 77 -79 Reception of Results 80 -81 Spiritual Ecumenism 82 -85 Catholic Contribution to Unity 86 -87
    30. 30. Lutheran Catholic Declaratio
    31. 31. Canterbury Pilgrimage
    32. 32. RECEPTIONRECEPTION (80)(80)  Results AchievedResults Achieved  Common HeritageCommon Heritage  Whole People of GodWhole People of God  Critical ProcessCritical Process  Magisterium Definitive JudgmentMagisterium Definitive Judgment
    33. 33. Lutheran Catholic Declaration
    34. 34. Spiritual Ecumenism Conversion Repentance Bonds of Communion Constant Reform Common Martyrs Holiness Work of the Holy Spirit
    35. 35. Ministry of the Pope 88 - 96 Communion with Rome 97 Unity and Evangelization 98 - 99 EXORTATION 100 - 103
    36. 36. “Patient and Fraternal Dialogue”
    37. 37. National Council of Churche Pilgrimage
    38. 38. PrinciplesPrinciples 1) Celebration of full1) Celebration of full communion achievedcommunion achieved 2) Means of building2) Means of building up the communion ofup the communion of the Churchthe Church
    39. 39.  ““Grave and pressing need”Grave and pressing need” …… means a condition in whichmeans a condition in which being deprived of the Eucharistbeing deprived of the Eucharist would, in the judgment of awould, in the judgment of a reasonable person, causereasonable person, cause someone to experience asomeone to experience a significant sense ofsignificant sense of deprivation…deprivation…  more than casual…more than casual…
    40. 40. When other ChristiansWhen other Christians request communion…request communion… efforts should beefforts should be made to determinemade to determine that their beliefs arethat their beliefs are substantially the samesubstantially the same as Catholic beliefs…as Catholic beliefs…
    41. 41.  Communion should not toCommunion should not to be withheld at the time ofbe withheld at the time of distribution…distribution…  this circumstance shouldthis circumstance should be dealt with on anotherbe dealt with on another occasion in anoccasion in an appropriately pastoral way.appropriately pastoral way.
    42. 42. Manifesting CatholicManifesting Catholic faith in the sacramentfaith in the sacrament means thatmeans that approximately the sameapproximately the same knowledge and faithknowledge and faith should be required of ashould be required of a Catholic in similarCatholic in similar
    43. 43. Being properly disposedBeing properly disposed means being in a goodmeans being in a good relationship with God or,relationship with God or, if not, taking whateverif not, taking whatever steps are necessary tosteps are necessary to return to a goodreturn to a good relationship with God.relationship with God.
    44. 44. invitations to receive theinvitations to receive the Eucharist at their table mayEucharist at their table may not be accepted by Catholics,not be accepted by Catholics, we should try to make it clearwe should try to make it clear that our actions flow from athat our actions flow from a different perspective on thedifferent perspective on the Eucharist and do not representEucharist and do not represent disdain on our part for theirdisdain on our part for their service.service.
    45. 45. In like manner, it shouldIn like manner, it should be made clear that ourbe made clear that our inability to extend aninability to extend an invitation to receiveinvitation to receive communion at our tablecommunion at our table does not intend to implydoes not intend to imply an attitude of superiorityan attitude of superiority on our part.on our part.
    46. 46. Mutual HelpMutual Help NecessaryNecessary and Sufficientand Sufficient BasisBasis
    47. 47. KEY EVENTSKEY EVENTS  1948 World Council, Amsterdam1948 World Council, Amsterdam  1954 Father George Tavard attends1954 Father George Tavard attends WCCWCC  1957 Fathers John Sheerin and Gustav1957 Fathers John Sheerin and Gustav Weigle attend Faith and OrderWeigle attend Faith and Order  1960 Archbishop Geoffrey Fisher visits1960 Archbishop Geoffrey Fisher visits
    48. 48.  1961 Vatican sends official observers to World1961 Vatican sends official observers to World Council in New Delhi, Second Vatican CouncilCouncil in New Delhi, Second Vatican Council receives ecumenical observersreceives ecumenical observers  1963 Catholics participate in Faith and Order1963 Catholics participate in Faith and Order meetingmeeting  1964 Pope Paul VI meets Patriarch1964 Pope Paul VI meets Patriarch Athenagoras in JerusalemAthenagoras in Jerusalem  Conciliar Decrees on NonChristian Religions,Conciliar Decrees on NonChristian Religions, Ecumenism and Religious LibertyEcumenism and Religious Liberty  1965 Pope Paul and Patriarch Athenagoras lift1965 Pope Paul and Patriarch Athenagoras lift condemnations of 1054condemnations of 1054
    49. 49.  1966 Common Declaration of a Pope with1966 Common Declaration of a Pope with Archbishop of Canterbury beginning theArchbishop of Canterbury beginning the Anglican Roman Catholic Dialogue,Anglican Roman Catholic Dialogue,  other dialogues Lutheran, Methodist,other dialogues Lutheran, Methodist, Reformed, began.Reformed, began.  1967 Pope Paul visits the Patriarch in Istanbul1967 Pope Paul visits the Patriarch in Istanbul  1968 Catholic Church joins World Council1968 Catholic Church joins World Council Faith and Order CommissionFaith and Order Commission  (NCCB joins National Council Faith and Order)(NCCB joins National Council Faith and Order)  1969 Pope Paul VI visits the offices of the1969 Pope Paul VI visits the offices of the World Council, GenevaWorld Council, Geneva
    50. 50.  1975 The World Council publishes its Conciliar1975 The World Council publishes its Conciliar Fellowship discription of the unity of the ChruchFellowship discription of the unity of the Chruch  1982 The Anglican Roman Catholic1982 The Anglican Roman Catholic International Commission publishes a FinalInternational Commission publishes a Final ReportReport  Pope John Paul II visits Canterbury CathedralPope John Paul II visits Canterbury Cathedral with Archbishop Robert Runciewith Archbishop Robert Runcie  1987 Holy See responds to the World Council1987 Holy See responds to the World Council Baptism, Eucharist and MinistryBaptism, Eucharist and Ministry  1991 Holy See responds to the Anglican1991 Holy See responds to the Anglican Roman Catholic Final ReportRoman Catholic Final Report
    51. 51.  1993 Papacy introduced into the World Council1993 Papacy introduced into the World Council of Churches’ Faith and Order discussions.of Churches’ Faith and Order discussions.  Holy See publishes Directory for the ApplicationHoly See publishes Directory for the Application of Principles and Norms on Ecumenismof Principles and Norms on Ecumenism  1994 Cardinal Cassidy announces “no further1994 Cardinal Cassidy announces “no further work necessasry” on Anglican Roman Catholicwork necessasry” on Anglican Roman Catholic agreements on Eucharist and ordainedagreements on Eucharist and ordained ministsryministsry  1995 Pope John Paul, Ut Unum Sint1995 Pope John Paul, Ut Unum Sint
    52. 52. 1998 Holy See publishes The Ecumenical Dimension in the Formation of Pastoral Workers 1999 Joint Declaration on Justification by Faith signed by the Holy See and the Lutheran World Federation
    53. 53. Two Mistakes Differences not important. . . Differences too difficult to be overcome . . . All Catholics must be involved if this
    54. 54. • I count among the most important results of the ecumenical dialogues the insight that the issue of the eucharist cannot be narrowed to the problem of 'validity.' Even a theology oriented to the concept of succession, such as that which holds in the Catholic and in the Orthodox church, need not in any way deny the salvation-granting presence of the Lord in a Lutheran Lord's Supper. • (Ratzinger 1993)