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The History of Silicon Valley
 

The History of Silicon Valley

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This is the final product of my project for the course "Internet Project" at Telecom ParisTech. ...

This is the final product of my project for the course "Internet Project" at Telecom ParisTech.

During the first part of my project, I read some books about startups and Silicon Valley (references on the last slide) as well as websites and blogs.
Then, I made this presentation which is mostly about Silicon Valley and how it became the heart of the world's innovation.

I hope you'll enjoy.

F.C.

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  • This is the final presentation on my project for the course ’Internet Project’ at Telecom ParisTech.

    During the first part of my project, I read some books about startups and Silicon Valley (references on the last slide) as well as websites and blogs.
    Then, I made this presentation which is mostly about Silicon Valley and how it became the heart of the world’s innovation.

    I hope you’ll enjoy.

    F.C.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
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    The History of Silicon Valley The History of Silicon Valley Presentation Transcript

    • June 2010 The history of Silicon Valley F.C.
    • Silicon Valley  Where is it?  How It All Started  The Park  The Silicon  The Internet Valley  Where technology emerges  Today  The Future 2
    • Where is it? 3
    • How it all started  Stanford University • 1891, Leland Stanford • Hired faculty members from the East Coast • But no jobs for graduates 4
    • How it all started  Stanford University • 1891, Leland Stanford • Hired faculty members from the East Coast • But no jobs for graduates  Prof. Frederick Terman • Father of the Silicon Valley • Encourages students to start companies near Stanford 4
    • How it all started  H&P • 1937 • Started in a garage • With the help of Terman • 1939, 1st deal with Walt Disney • 2010, $115B annual revenue (9th) 5
    • How it all started  Varian Associates • 1937 • Research on radars, microwave • Lab and some money from Stanford University • Good investment 6
    • The Park  Stanford Industrial Park • 50s, Stanford needs money • 3240 hectares of unused land • Leased to High Tech companies • Varian, GE, Kodak, etc • Defense contracts (public) • Lockheed, IBM, NASA 7
    • The silicon  The silicon in Silicon Valley • 1955, William Shockley invents the transistor • 1958, 8 Engineers found Fairchild • Invention of the integrated circuit • Fairchild becomes a huge firm • Spin-offs: Intel, Signetics (Phillips), AMD, etc 8
    • The silicon  The PC revolution • 1973, Introduction of the CPU by Intel • Massive production of “chips” • Homebrew Computer Club • You can have a computer at home • 1976, Apple Computer (Wozniak, Jobs) • 1982, IBM PC with Microsoft DOS • 80s, expansion of microcomputers 9
    • The Internet Valley  80-90s, semiconductor crisis • International competition (Japan) • Competition inside the USA (Texas) • Government expenses drastically lowered  1980, ARPANET  1989, WWW, first browser  Exponential growth 10
    • The Internet Valley  90s, Internet startups • cheap, high return  Venture Capitalists • Offices on Sand Hill Road • Dot com boom, lot of money, IPOs  2000, dot com bubble • Market value >> Real value • Bubble bursts 11
    • Where technology emerges  Computer science  Electronics  Bio-technology  Sustainable energy  etc 12
    • Today  Web 2.0 boom • Social Networks Facebook, Twitter, Foursquare • User generated content, etc Youtube, Flickr, etc  A new bubble? 13
    • Today  Still “the place to be” • Huge culture of technology • Great entrepreneur networks • Seed-money is easy to get • You can fail and try a new idea 14
    • The Future  NYC • Growing community of tech entrepreneurs  Europe • Higher investments in tech companies  India • A lot of talented engineers who need little money  The Silicon Valley state of mind is spreading worldwide 15
    • Bibliography  Wikipedia • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Silicon_Valley • All the pictures used in this presentation  Net Valley • http://www.netvalley.com/archives/mirrors/ london_svhistory.htm  Google Maps 16
    • Interesting readings  Founders at Work by Jessica Livingston • Stories of startups’ early days  Mastering the VC Game by Jeffrey Bussgang • How to get from startup to IPO  Making Ideas Happen by Scott Belsky • Overcoming the obstacles between vision and reality 17
    • Q&A 18