The History of Silicon Valley

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This is the final product of my project for the course "Internet Project" at Telecom ParisTech.

During the first part of my project, I read some books about startups and Silicon Valley (references on the last slide) as well as websites and blogs.
Then, I made this presentation which is mostly about Silicon Valley and how it became the heart of the world's innovation.

I hope you'll enjoy.

F.C.

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  • This is the final presentation on my project for the course ’Internet Project’ at Telecom ParisTech.

    During the first part of my project, I read some books about startups and Silicon Valley (references on the last slide) as well as websites and blogs.
    Then, I made this presentation which is mostly about Silicon Valley and how it became the heart of the world’s innovation.

    I hope you’ll enjoy.

    F.C.
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The History of Silicon Valley

  1. June 2010 The history of Silicon Valley F.C.
  2. Silicon Valley  Where is it?  How It All Started  The Park  The Silicon  The Internet Valley  Where technology emerges  Today  The Future 2
  3. Where is it? 3
  4. How it all started  Stanford University • 1891, Leland Stanford • Hired faculty members from the East Coast • But no jobs for graduates 4
  5. How it all started  Stanford University • 1891, Leland Stanford • Hired faculty members from the East Coast • But no jobs for graduates  Prof. Frederick Terman • Father of the Silicon Valley • Encourages students to start companies near Stanford 4
  6. How it all started  H&P • 1937 • Started in a garage • With the help of Terman • 1939, 1st deal with Walt Disney • 2010, $115B annual revenue (9th) 5
  7. How it all started  Varian Associates • 1937 • Research on radars, microwave • Lab and some money from Stanford University • Good investment 6
  8. The Park  Stanford Industrial Park • 50s, Stanford needs money • 3240 hectares of unused land • Leased to High Tech companies • Varian, GE, Kodak, etc • Defense contracts (public) • Lockheed, IBM, NASA 7
  9. The silicon  The silicon in Silicon Valley • 1955, William Shockley invents the transistor • 1958, 8 Engineers found Fairchild • Invention of the integrated circuit • Fairchild becomes a huge firm • Spin-offs: Intel, Signetics (Phillips), AMD, etc 8
  10. The silicon  The PC revolution • 1973, Introduction of the CPU by Intel • Massive production of “chips” • Homebrew Computer Club • You can have a computer at home • 1976, Apple Computer (Wozniak, Jobs) • 1982, IBM PC with Microsoft DOS • 80s, expansion of microcomputers 9
  11. The Internet Valley  80-90s, semiconductor crisis • International competition (Japan) • Competition inside the USA (Texas) • Government expenses drastically lowered  1980, ARPANET  1989, WWW, first browser  Exponential growth 10
  12. The Internet Valley  90s, Internet startups • cheap, high return  Venture Capitalists • Offices on Sand Hill Road • Dot com boom, lot of money, IPOs  2000, dot com bubble • Market value >> Real value • Bubble bursts 11
  13. Where technology emerges  Computer science  Electronics  Bio-technology  Sustainable energy  etc 12
  14. Today  Web 2.0 boom • Social Networks Facebook, Twitter, Foursquare • User generated content, etc Youtube, Flickr, etc  A new bubble? 13
  15. Today  Still “the place to be” • Huge culture of technology • Great entrepreneur networks • Seed-money is easy to get • You can fail and try a new idea 14
  16. The Future  NYC • Growing community of tech entrepreneurs  Europe • Higher investments in tech companies  India • A lot of talented engineers who need little money  The Silicon Valley state of mind is spreading worldwide 15
  17. Bibliography  Wikipedia • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Silicon_Valley • All the pictures used in this presentation  Net Valley • http://www.netvalley.com/archives/mirrors/ london_svhistory.htm  Google Maps 16
  18. Interesting readings  Founders at Work by Jessica Livingston • Stories of startups’ early days  Mastering the VC Game by Jeffrey Bussgang • How to get from startup to IPO  Making Ideas Happen by Scott Belsky • Overcoming the obstacles between vision and reality 17
  19. Q&A 18

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