Today 2/3 of Kashmir have acceded into India in exchange for military aid, while the western part, Azar Kashmir, was captured by Pakistan.But, the UN did broker 2 cease fires since the beginning of the conflict.
It is basically impossible to address the U.S. – India relationship without understanding how it intersects with the U.S.-China relationship.
India, opposed to China, is seen by America as a possible successor of the gulf when the U.S. eventually pulls out of the area. America believes they will pull out of the region eventually because of the economy. America sees India as possibly more qualified because of the Chinese internal instability. The gulf will help India thrive economically, expand its naval fleet, and expand its nuclear project. There is also a large Indian population in the region.The Obama Administration has referred to India as an East Asian Power,
Because there was distrust
India did give some aid to Afghanistan to help rebuild their government, but there was fear about anti-US sentiment among their Pakistani population
Hillary Clinton: invited Indian prime minister to the U.S.The US “hedge” tactic is straightforward: Expand involvement in East Asia regional forums, military exercises, and agreements to include the US and India, thereby diluting Chinese opportunities for dominationThe US Secretary of State, Hillary Clinton, on a visit to India, said the two sides had agreed an "end-use monitoring" accord.This aims to help the US ensure that its military technology is not transferred to other countries.Mrs Clinton also held talks with Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh.
Some nuclear arms race in the middle east
The U.S. needs to be careful in their relations with China because of the increase in aggression surrounding territorial claims, and seemingly growing relations with North Korea, and so option one may be a safer bet. America is also known to spread democracy, so should we first wait until India becomes a stronger democracy and is up to par with our standards? Maybe we should allow India to develop on their own and create a strong economy, instead of trying to aid them as we have been criticized for in the past.This is how the Obama administration has
I think the Americans, probably, and the Indian government sees China as a not-necessarily-hostile state, but a state which could be hostile, whose rise could be threatening. So therefore a policy of reinsurance – diplomatic consultations, military-to-military cooperation – without provoking China is probably the correct policy,” Stephen Cohen, a South Asia expert with the Brookings Institute, said at a talk in New Delhi.
Kashmir Dispute<br />When India and Pakistan became separate nations in 1947, Kashmir did not accede into either nation. <br />Pakistan invaded Kashmir<br />US neutrality for a long time.<br />Recently, Clinton, Bush, and Obama have expressed the need for the dispute and attacks be ended.<br />
India, China, and the US<br />India was upset when Obama visited Beijing in 2009.<br />The U.S. wants to build stronger alliances with India in order to counterbalance China, especially if China would become aggressive.<br />India, Indonesia, Japan, and South Korea, as Dr. Chellaney(a security expert at the Center for Policy Research in Delhi) puts it, “are the four key democracies that you need to contain China.”<br />Companies in India may also help to upset the monopolies that China has on many products used in the U.S.<br />
India, Asia, and the U.S.<br />The Arabian Gulf – India is a possible successor<br />“East Asian Power”<br />
Bill Clinton and India<br />Clinton visited India and began the current stance on open trade with India.<br />Major parties in India believed that Clinton only wanted to achieve peace in Kashmir and ensure that no strong alliances have been made between India and China.<br />Clinton visited Pakistan and asked them to forget the Kashmir incidence and to stop their development of nuclear arms, but to this day the fighting in Kashmir has not ended.<br />
George W. Bush and India<br />Focused on trade and outsourcing, which helped India’s economy.<br />Started the a civil nuclear cooperation deal, which helped to reinforce the legitimacy of India as a nuclear nation.<br />Bush lobbied to allow India to purchase<br />Bush said that India and Pakistan needed to resolve their own issues, and did not say much about it because of the support from Pakistan in the war on terror.<br />The relations between India and the U.S. was weakened because of this.<br />
Barack Obama and India<br />Obama’s visit to India: World’s largest democracy and the world’s oldest democracy. <br />“India is not emerging, India has emerged” Information age rooted in India.<br />Bound by shared values<br />Deeper partnership, although <br />Climate Change<br />Mumbai and Kashmir conflict – cannot impose a solution<br />
Nuclear Cooperation<br />Assistance from the U.S. to the Indian<br /> India will allow the International Atomic Energy Association (IAEA), of the UN, to inspect its nuclear program, and continue to monitor it.<br />The U.S. companies will be allowed to build nuclear reactors in India.<br />
US-India Relations Options<br />1. We could stress the changes that the Indian government needs to take, and back off of relations with India until they become more developed. Stick with The U.S.’s close relations with China.<br />2. The U.S. could continue to build stronger and deeper relations with India and use this relationship in order to counterbalance China. We could continue to promote their development and help them financially.<br />
Option #2<br />The U.S. should continue to strengthen their relationship with India for many reasons:<br />Counterbalance China in case of aggression and in economy<br />Help India to develop more fully in their economy and nuclear program<br />Help to boost the American economy and security as well<br />Combine strong democracies and help strengthen the Indian democracy<br />Keep India from forging strong alliances with China<br />