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The Future Role of NATO

The Future Role of NATO






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    The Future Role of NATO The Future Role of NATO Presentation Transcript

    • The Future Role of NATO
      Derek Dowell
    • NATO Description
      North Atlantic Treaty signed in 1949
      Agreement among United States, Canada, and multiple European countries
      Signed agreement stating that any armed attack on one member would be viewed as an attack on the entire organization
      Established to ensure stability by dissuading any outside powers from attacking a member out of fear of retaliation from all members.
    • Historical Roles
      Following the end of the Cold War and the dissolution of the Warsaw Pact, NATO restructured and began a focus on overall international conflicts rather than specific attacks on organizational members.
      These conflicts were viewed as a threat to the territorial integrity, even if only indirectly.
      NATO Air-Strikes on Bosnian Serbs
    • Present Role
      September 11th was viewed by NATO as eligible for retaliation under the terms of the treaty.
      NATO troops have provided direct support in the conflict, and also training support in Iraq.
      However, there has been some dissent among members of NATO during this particular conflict
      The NATO agreement allows members to only participate in conflict to the extent they deem necessary.
    • Possible Future Roles
      Return to previous focus only on specific response to actual attacks on treaty members
      Focus interference with international affairs on imminent threats to territorial defense of treaty members
      Expand international involvement to any and all situations which may result in a threat to territorial defense of treaty members
    • Role Option A
      Return to pre-Afghanistan role of specific territorial defense
      Maintain current membership focus in European and North American Countries
      Significant hesitation with expanding membership in NATO
      Many worry that increased membership will result in decreased consensus and ability to act
    • Role Option B
      Reactive role in international affairs—respond to situations which indirectly affect territorial defense of treaty members
      Expand membership to include strong actors spread throughout the global community
      South Korea
      Countries in Africa
      Specific coalitions established to address regional affairs outside of Europe and North America
      Temporary situational responses to regional conflicts or requirements for aid outside of NATO territory but still possessing possible impact
    • Role Option C
      Proactive role in international affairs—identify and involve NATO in situations which may develop to an extent which impacts territorial defense of party members
      Humanitarian aid
      Conflict arbitration
      Direct military interference
      Open possibility of membership to any ally globally regardless of obvious potential to assist in international affairs
      Direct member involvement in situations occurring within their region (e.g., allowing an African country to join, and then using resources in that country to respond to situations in surrounding areas)
    • Decision
      The most effective future role and membership requirements for NATO would be one that identifies the rise of globalization.
      Therefore, Option C, with a heavy focus on increase of membership to provide valuable allies and increased dispersion of resources in regions of heavy conflict would be the most effective and most practical for current members as well as future ones.
      The current NATO system cannot deny the increased impact which all regions of the globe have on modern international affairs, nor can they deny that their specific resource limits are capable of continuing global influence without the involvement of more efficiently located actors.
      Increasing membership opportunities in NATO, as well as developing training programs among member countries, especially in areas prone to high conflict, is the most effective method if NATO seeks to avoid being rendered obsolete by the growth of globalization.
    • Conclusion
      As globalization grows, so does the necessity of further reaching NATO involvement.
      We can no longer focus on specific territorial integrity identified in the original treaty, but must instead focus on international stability, as an end to promote domestic tranquility.