Should Georgia and Ukraine be allowed to enter NATO this year?
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Should Georgia and Ukraine be allowed to enter NATO this year?

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Should Georgia and Ukraine be allowed to enter NATO this year? Should Georgia and Ukraine be allowed to enter NATO this year? Presentation Transcript

  • Should Georgia and Ukraine be allowed to enter NATO this year?
  • NATO
    North AtlanticTreatyOrganization
    Mission: promote stability and well-being in the North Atlantic Area and to unite their efforts for collective defense and for the preservation of peace and security
    28 memberstates
    Standardstojoin NATO:
    a functioning democratic political system based on a market economy
    the fair treatment of minority populations
    a commitment to the peaceful resolution of conflicts
    the ability and willingness to make a military contribution to NATO operations
    a commitment to democratic civil-military relations and institutional structures
  • History
    Signed in April 1949 with 12 members
    Greece and Turkey became members in 1951
    Poland, Hungary, Czech Republic admitted as members in 1999
    Lativa, Lithuana, Estonia (Baltic States) admitted in 2004
  • History
    April 2008: Bucharest: NATO decides not to offer membership plans to Georgia and Ukraine even though U.S. supported both countries joining
    December 2008: Georgia and Ukraine told they do not meet standards to join NATO
  • Georgia
    Democracy and market economy: improving since the presidency of MikheilSaakhashvili but complicated due to Russia’s support of the breakaway regions of Abkhazia and South Ossetia
    Minority populations: 83.8% Georgian population, problems with people in the Abkhazia and South Ossetia regions
    Peaceful resolution of conflicts: In 2008, Russia unilaterally recognized the Abkhazia and South Ossetia regions and occupied them as well as proper Georgia; peacekeeping Russian troops are in Abkhazia
    Military contributions to NATO operations: none yet
    Commitment to democratic civil-military relations and institutional structures: working with Russian peacekeepers and United Nations military observer group
  • Ukraine
    Democracy and market economy: legacy of USSR remains, last election considered legitimate
    Minority populations: no huge problems
    Peaceful resolution of conflicts: Peaceful mass protest “Orange Revolution” in 2004
    Military contributions to NATO operations: troops in Afghanistan
    Commitment to democratic civil-military relations and institutional structures: elections and votes to solve problems with leadership
  • Nature of the Issue today
    Positives
    NATO as a security community
    Reinforce democracy
    1995 study claims that a more inclusive NATO enhances security and stability among members
    Negatives
    Efficiency: the more members added, the more difficult it will become to reach agreement
    Russia does not approve
    Improving relations w/Russia
    Isolating Russia
  • Alternative Solutions
    Allow Georgia
    Georgia seems to meet fewer of the standards (recent fighting w/ Russia) BUT these arguments may be good cause for Georgia to join in order to gain the support it needs
    Allow Ukraine
    Ukraine has struggled with democracy since the end of the USSR with democracy and market economy but it has troops in Afghanistan and could benefit from support from other democratic states
    Allow neither
    Neither state meets the standards 100% and relations with Russia are starting to look better. Most members of NATO say that both countries will eventually become members of NATO; they can wait for another year or so while we improve relations with Russia
    Allow both
    Both states show that they are working towards democracy, peace and positive relations with the international community. Both states could use support which is what NATO is about
  • RecommendedSolution
    Security for both old and new member countries
    Reinforcement of Democracy
    Need for deterrence: deter any possible conflict
    Furthers U.S. goal for a more integrated Europe
    Strengthens standing and legitimacy
    I recommend that the United States support the entry of both Georgia and Ukraine into NATO. Both countries exhibit the traits required for recommendation into NATO and those requirements not met (Georgia war) could be better met with the promise of security and support from other NATO members. Article 10 of the NATO Treaty describes the “Open Door Policy” NATO supports which states that that no country in Europe may be excluded from consideration to be a member of NATO because of its history or geography.
  • Let’s support peace and security
    There are risks to supporting the entry of both Ukraine and Georgia into NATO
    Our country was founded upon many of the goals of NATO
    Russia is very important and we should continue to try to create better relations
    But peace, security and democracy are more important