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Russia’s pipelines through iran

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  • 1. pipelines IN THE CASPIAN
    By: Ye-Ji Hwang
  • 2. The Caspian
    Rich natural resources
    Competition US-Russia
    Russia wants to remain Europe’s main supplier
    US-Iran
    Oil to Europe
    Turkey, Armenia, and Azerbaijan conflicts
  • 3. Little Bit of History
    Nobel Brothers
    Soviet nationalism in 1920 and more oil discoveries in 1960’s
    OPEC established
    Over production, poor management, and too much water injected to the ground = decline
    Oil production = “saving grace” to new independent nations
    Before the fall of the Soviet
  • 4. Iran and Russia
    Iran turns to Russia because of sanctions
    1995 Clinton- Executive Orders (reaffirmation in 1997)
    1996 Mandatory sanctions
    Conoco withdrew left door open to Total and Petronas
    Foreign oil companies pressured to leave
    Russia major player in Central Asia
    Share interest of limiting US power in the region
    Co-founded Gas Exporting Countries Forum
    Signed agreement July 2010
    Gazprom and Lukoil increasingly involved
  • 5. Around Caspian
    2007 Turkey and Iran Memorandum
    Baku-Tblisi-Ceyhan oil pipeline
    Trans-Caspian gas pipeline
    Central Asia-Center gas pipeline
    Gazprom
    Dauletabad-Sarakhs-Khangiran gas pipeline
    Inaugurated early this year
  • 6.
  • 7. Four Conflicts
    1. Ongoing problem between Armenia and Azerbaijan
    2. Tensions between Armenians and Turks
    3. US keeping pipelines out of Iran and Russia
    4. Iran and Russia’s legal issues
    1921 and 1940
    1982 Law of Sea
  • 8. Solution 1
    Support Trans-Caspian oil pipeline
    Pipeline between Turkmenistan and Azerbaijan
    Can be collaborated with Baku-Tblisi-Ceyhan pipeline in Turkey
  • 9. Solution 2
    Support Kazakhstan’s new oil route to Europe
    Plans to triple exports in following years
    83% destined for Europe
    However only small portion
    Collaborative with Trans-Caspian pipeline then to Europe through Azerbaijan and Georgia
    Already to Europe through Russia….
    China
  • 10. Solution 3
    Support Dauletabad-Sarakhs-Khangiran gas pipeline
    Turkmenistan-Iran-Turkey
    Pressure by Washington to back out of Iran
    Sanctions on companies
    Royal Dutch Shell
    Glencose and Vitol
    Trafigure
    BP
    Reliance
  • 11. Proposal
    Solution 1
    “Lobby” for Trans-Caspian pipeline
    On-going route
    Iran faster- contradiction
    Russia
    Not another Cold War
    Obama more engaging