Mexican Drug War

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Mexican Drug War

  1. 1. How should the United States help Mexico win the drug war? Cara Pratt
  2. 2. <ul><li>coca plant cultivation in Colombia -> Mexican gangs -> major U.S. cities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>90% of cocaine consumed in the United States passes through Mexico </li></ul></ul><ul><li>cannabis and methamphetamine production in Mexico -> U.S </li></ul><ul><ul><li>mule, car, tractor-trailer, cargo train </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>1971 – President Nixon declares “War on Drugs” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>creation of Drug Enforcement Administration in 1973 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1998-1999 – Plan Colombia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Andean Counterdrug Initiative in 2001 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2004 – Federal Assault Weapons Ban expires </li></ul><ul><li>2006 – Felipe Calderón elected president, declares war on drug traffickers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>more than 45,000 troops deployed, 5,000 federal police involved </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2008 – Mérida Initiative </li></ul><ul><ul><li>$ 1.6 billion in helicopters, surveillance, equipment, training, and community action programs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2010 – deployment of 1,200 National Guard troops to the border </li></ul>
  4. 5. What is going well… <ul><li>since 2000, seized weapons include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>10,000 grenades </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>93,000 arms </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mexican Navy killed drug kingpin – Arturo Beltrán Leyva </li></ul><ul><ul><li>acting on US intelligence </li></ul></ul><ul><li>recent successes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>illegal immigration down 23% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>drug seizures up 15% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>weapons seizures up 30% </li></ul></ul><ul><li>FY2011 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>13% increase in drug prevention funding </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4% increase in funding for treatment </li></ul></ul>
  5. 6. What is not going well… <ul><li>drug trafficking business remains profitable </li></ul><ul><ul><li>money laundering </li></ul></ul><ul><li>nearly 30,000 drug-related homicides since 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>negative effects on the community </li></ul><ul><ul><li>local and international businesses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the ninis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ghost towns </li></ul></ul><ul><li>problems with Mexican institutions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>corruption </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>human rights abuses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>low prosecution rates </li></ul></ul><ul><li>problems with Mérida Initiative </li></ul>
  6. 7. Possible Solutions… <ul><li>information and intelligence sharing </li></ul><ul><li>military and police training </li></ul><ul><li>provide economic alternative for Mexican youth </li></ul><ul><li>stop corruption within government </li></ul><ul><li>addressing addiction and use in the United States </li></ul><ul><ul><li>drug rehabilitation and treatment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>decriminalization and legalization </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Policy reform regarding Mexico and Central America </li></ul><ul><ul><li>securing the border </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>US Immigration and Customs enforcement, National Guard </li></ul></ul><ul><li>address availability of firearms, ratify CIFTA </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inter-American Convention Against Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms </li></ul></ul>
  7. 8. How should the United States help Mexico win the drug war? <ul><li>information sharing and training for drug enforcement and prevention personnel in Mexico </li></ul><ul><ul><li>following the money trail </li></ul></ul><ul><li>border security </li></ul><ul><ul><li>National Guard </li></ul></ul><ul><li>address drug market in the United States </li></ul><ul><ul><li>continue to increase funding for prevention and treatment programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>consider decriminalization and legalization of certain drugs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>involvement in CARSI </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Central American Regional Security Initiative: A Shared Partnership </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ratify CIFTA </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inter-American Convention Against Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>eTrace software for gun tracking </li></ul></ul><ul><li>invest in Mexican economy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>reallocate Merida money </li></ul></ul>
  8. 9. Works Cited <ul><li>Sackur, Stephen. “ ‘No alternative’ to Mexico’s drug war – says Calderon.” BBC.co.uk . 27 Oct. 2010. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/programmes/hardtalk/9130155.stm#story . </li></ul><ul><li>“ Q&A: Mexico’s drug-related violence.” BBC.co.uk . 10 Nov. 2010. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-latin-america-10681249#story_continues_1 . </li></ul><ul><li>“ Calderón defendió sus 4 años de ofensiva contra la droga en México.” Los Andes on-line . 2 Dic. 2010. http://www.losandes.com.ar/notas/2010/12/2/calderon-defendio-anos-ofensiva-contra-droga-mexico-530702.asp . </li></ul><ul><li>Daniel, Lisa. “Guard Leaders Hope Efficiencies Will Extend Border Role.” American Forces Press Service . 29 Nov. 2010. http://www.globalsecurity.org/security/library/news/2010/11/sec-101129-afps01.htm . </li></ul><ul><li>Arsenault, Chris. “Following Mexico’s drug money trail.” Al Jazeera English . 5 Nov. 2010. http://english.aljazeera.net/indepth/2010/11/20101131033622877.html . </li></ul><ul><li>“ Mexico’s Lost Generation.” Al Jazeera English. 22 Nov. 2010. http://english.aljazeera.net/video/americas/2010/11/201011225020181661.html . </li></ul><ul><li>Logan, Sam. “Narco-Networks in the Americas.” Americas Quarterly . 13 May 2010. http://www.americasquarterly.org/charticle_spring2010.html . </li></ul><ul><li>The Central America Regional Security Initiative: A Shared Partnership . U.S. Department of State: Bureau of Public Affairs. 5 Aug. 2010. http://www.state.gov/r/pa/scp/fs/2010/145747.htm . </li></ul><ul><li>Arsenault, Chris. “US-trained cartel terrorises Mexico.” Al Jazeera English . 28 Oct. 2010. http://english.aljazeera.net/indepth/features/2010/10/20101019212440609775.html . </li></ul><ul><li>“ Human Rights, Labor, and Religious Groups Call on Obama Administration and Congress to Uphold Human Rights, Halt Drug War Aid to Mexican Security Forces.” Global Exchange . 12 Nov. 2010. http://salsa.democracyinaction.org/o/703/p/dia/action/public/?action_KEY=5074 . </li></ul><ul><li>“ Inter-American Convention Against Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms.” U.S. Department of State. 1 Jan. 1997. http://www.state.gov/p/wha/rls/49907.htm . </li></ul>

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