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Mexican Drug War

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  • 1. How should the United States help Mexico win the drug war? Cara Pratt
  • 2.
    • coca plant cultivation in Colombia -> Mexican gangs -> major U.S. cities
      • 90% of cocaine consumed in the United States passes through Mexico
    • cannabis and methamphetamine production in Mexico -> U.S
      • mule, car, tractor-trailer, cargo train
  • 3.
    • 1971 – President Nixon declares “War on Drugs”
      • creation of Drug Enforcement Administration in 1973
    • 1998-1999 – Plan Colombia
      • Andean Counterdrug Initiative in 2001
    • 2004 – Federal Assault Weapons Ban expires
    • 2006 – Felipe Calderón elected president, declares war on drug traffickers
      • more than 45,000 troops deployed, 5,000 federal police involved
    • 2008 – Mérida Initiative
      • $ 1.6 billion in helicopters, surveillance, equipment, training, and community action programs
    • 2010 – deployment of 1,200 National Guard troops to the border
  • 4.  
  • 5. What is going well…
    • since 2000, seized weapons include:
      • 10,000 grenades
      • 93,000 arms
    • Mexican Navy killed drug kingpin – Arturo Beltrán Leyva
      • acting on US intelligence
    • recent successes
      • illegal immigration down 23%
      • drug seizures up 15%
      • weapons seizures up 30%
    • FY2011
      • 13% increase in drug prevention funding
      • 4% increase in funding for treatment
  • 6. What is not going well…
    • drug trafficking business remains profitable
      • money laundering
    • nearly 30,000 drug-related homicides since 2006
    • negative effects on the community
      • local and international businesses
      • the ninis
      • ghost towns
    • problems with Mexican institutions
      • corruption
      • human rights abuses
      • low prosecution rates
    • problems with Mérida Initiative
  • 7. Possible Solutions…
    • information and intelligence sharing
    • military and police training
    • provide economic alternative for Mexican youth
    • stop corruption within government
    • addressing addiction and use in the United States
      • drug rehabilitation and treatment
      • decriminalization and legalization
    • Policy reform regarding Mexico and Central America
      • securing the border
      • US Immigration and Customs enforcement, National Guard
    • address availability of firearms, ratify CIFTA
      • Inter-American Convention Against Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms
  • 8. How should the United States help Mexico win the drug war?
    • information sharing and training for drug enforcement and prevention personnel in Mexico
      • following the money trail
    • border security
      • National Guard
    • address drug market in the United States
      • continue to increase funding for prevention and treatment programs
      • consider decriminalization and legalization of certain drugs
    • involvement in CARSI
      • Central American Regional Security Initiative: A Shared Partnership
    • ratify CIFTA
      • Inter-American Convention Against Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms
      • eTrace software for gun tracking
    • invest in Mexican economy
      • reallocate Merida money
  • 9. Works Cited
    • Sackur, Stephen. “ ‘No alternative’ to Mexico’s drug war – says Calderon.” BBC.co.uk . 27 Oct. 2010. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/programmes/hardtalk/9130155.stm#story .
    • “ Q&A: Mexico’s drug-related violence.” BBC.co.uk . 10 Nov. 2010. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-latin-america-10681249#story_continues_1 .
    • “ Calderón defendió sus 4 años de ofensiva contra la droga en México.” Los Andes on-line . 2 Dic. 2010. http://www.losandes.com.ar/notas/2010/12/2/calderon-defendio-anos-ofensiva-contra-droga-mexico-530702.asp .
    • Daniel, Lisa. “Guard Leaders Hope Efficiencies Will Extend Border Role.” American Forces Press Service . 29 Nov. 2010. http://www.globalsecurity.org/security/library/news/2010/11/sec-101129-afps01.htm .
    • Arsenault, Chris. “Following Mexico’s drug money trail.” Al Jazeera English . 5 Nov. 2010. http://english.aljazeera.net/indepth/2010/11/20101131033622877.html .
    • “ Mexico’s Lost Generation.” Al Jazeera English. 22 Nov. 2010. http://english.aljazeera.net/video/americas/2010/11/201011225020181661.html .
    • Logan, Sam. “Narco-Networks in the Americas.” Americas Quarterly . 13 May 2010. http://www.americasquarterly.org/charticle_spring2010.html .
    • The Central America Regional Security Initiative: A Shared Partnership . U.S. Department of State: Bureau of Public Affairs. 5 Aug. 2010. http://www.state.gov/r/pa/scp/fs/2010/145747.htm .
    • Arsenault, Chris. “US-trained cartel terrorises Mexico.” Al Jazeera English . 28 Oct. 2010. http://english.aljazeera.net/indepth/features/2010/10/20101019212440609775.html .
    • “ Human Rights, Labor, and Religious Groups Call on Obama Administration and Congress to Uphold Human Rights, Halt Drug War Aid to Mexican Security Forces.” Global Exchange . 12 Nov. 2010. http://salsa.democracyinaction.org/o/703/p/dia/action/public/?action_KEY=5074 .
    • “ Inter-American Convention Against Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms.” U.S. Department of State. 1 Jan. 1997. http://www.state.gov/p/wha/rls/49907.htm .

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