Falkland islands situation


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Falkland islands situation

  1. 1. Falkland Islands Situation<br />Phillip Martel<br />
  2. 2. The Situation<br /><ul><li>Argentina claims the rights to the islands because they believed to have inherited them when they gained freedom from Spain in the early 1820’s.
  3. 3. Britain claims rights to the land after claiming sovereignty in 1833 after settling and expelling the Argentineans. Most of the islanders are of British decent.</li></li></ul><li>
  4. 4. Past Attempts<br /><ul><li>1965- Argentina pressured claims on the land, UN called it “colonial problem” and called both countries to negotiate, talks went on and off going no where
  5. 5. April 2, 1982- Argentina invaded the islands. Three days later, Britain sent troops. After 655 Argentine and 255 British died, Argentina surrendered on June 14.
  6. 6. 1990- the two nations restored diplomatic relations but still failed to come to a conclusion over flights to the island and fishing rights</li></li></ul><li>Recently<br /><ul><li>May 2009- Britain rejected request by Argentina to talk on future sovereignty over land
  7. 7. December 2009- Argentina passed law claiming Falklands, Britain rejected
  8. 8. February 2010- British oil company began exploring for oil near islands, Argentina responded by requiring all ships passing through Falklands to have permit</li></li></ul><li>Argentina’s Side<br /><ul><li>Spanish landed and conquered Argentina
  9. 9. Spanish had settlements on islands
  10. 10. When Argentina gained independence, they believe they have right to all lands Spain conquered which included Falkland Islands
  11. 11. Claimed sovereignty over islands in 1820
  12. 12. Monroe Doctrine (1823)- European colonies cannot colonize in the Americas anymore, any act of colonization considered act of aggression</li></li></ul><li>Great Britain’s Side<br /><ul><li>Came to islands in 1690
  13. 13. Claimed sovereignty over islands in 1833 when they wiped out all Argentineans on islands
  14. 14. British then had more settlers come to islands
  15. 15. Currently, white British-decent people dominate country
  16. 16. Want to do offshore drilling near the islands
  17. 17. Major ally in the past
  18. 18. Supported US in Iraq- Britain feels like we need to help them with their problem</li></li></ul><li>Currently<br /><ul><li>US staying neutral in situation
  19. 19. Does not want to get involved at all</li></li></ul><li>What should the US do?<br />
  20. 20. Mediate the Situation<br /><ul><li>Argentina wants the land- let the islands become a part of Argentina. Why have land hundreds of miles away be a part of that nation?
  21. 21. Britain wants oil- let them do their offshore drilling, this is the main thing they want</li></li></ul><li>Sources<br /><ul><li>http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/timeline/present_timeline_noflash.shtml
  22. 22. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/4087743.stm
  23. 23. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2010/03/15/falkland-islands-issue-ma_n_499573.html
  24. 24. http://www.loc.gov/rr/program/bib/ourdocs/Monroe.html
  25. 25. http://www.thefirstpost.co.uk/60250,news-comment,news-politics,falklands-barack-obama-under-fire-for-failing-britain-oil-argentina-ally</li>