Piaget and Cognitive Development
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  • 1. Jean Piaget and his Theories: Cognitive Development and Epistemology
  • 2. Through play, children assimilate information into their schemas, and accommodate to their surroundings. Play Is Essential To the development Of the the human mind.
  • 3. Top Left: Albino Sparrow Top Right: Mollusk (snail) Bottom: Museum of Natural Science in Neuchatel
  • 4. Differentiating the part from the whole.
  • 5. Piaget and His Piaget and His Family. Wife, Valentine.
  • 6. Accommodation = Person Shooting Ball. Assimilation = Ball Going Thru Net.
  • 7. Assimilation Accommodation A balance An imbalance Creates Creates Equilibrium. Disequilibrium.
  • 8. The Stages Of Cognitive Development: Sensory Motor “Object (Birth-2) Permanence” Preoperational “Egocentrism” (2-7) Concrete “Interiorized Operations (7-11) Action” Formal Operations “Abstract (11-16) Thought”
  • 9. Sensory-Motor Stage (Birth-2) Six Substages: 1. Random and reflex actions (0-1) 2. Primary circular reactions (1-4) 3. Secondary circular reactions (4-8) 4. Coordination of secondary schemata (8-14) 5. Tertiary circular reactions (12-18) 6. Invention of new means through mental combinations (18-2yrs)
  • 10. Sensory Motor Substages (1-3) Random and Reflex Actions (1st substage): “Random but Important.” Primary Circular Reactions (2nd substage): “The recognition of shapes, objects and faces.” Secondary Circular Reactions (3rd substage): “Imitation.”
  • 11. Sensory Motor Substages (4-6) Coordination of secondary New Means through new schemata (4th substage): combinations (6th substage): “Intent. Object Independence. Symbolic “Thought before action.” Thought.” Tertiary circular reactions (5th substage): “Rapid expansion of Schema.”
  • 12. Preoperational Stage (2-7) Preconceptual Stage (ages two to four) Preceptual or Intuitive Thought Period (ages four to seven) Key Terms and Concepts: “Egocentric behavior” “transductive reasoning” “syncretic thought” “juxtaposition reasoning” “animism” “artificialism”
  • 13. Preconceptual Stage (2-4) In the Preconceptual stage the child begins to use language and mental images, and attempts to generalize in illogical ways.
  • 14. Preceptual/Intuitive Thought Period (4-7) In the Period of Intuitive Thought, Problem-solving depends on instinctive Thought and appearances, not on judgment Or reasoning.
  • 15. Concrete Operations (7-11) “… the child now can now operate in thought on concrete objects or their representations.” --Logic V. Surface Appearances.
  • 16. Formal Operations (11, or 12 -->) “Operate on Operations” “Thinking about thought rather than about concrete things.” -- Hypotheses
  • 17. Epistemology is simply The development of Knowledge or logical Structures over time. How do we come to know what we know? Development is continuous and consistent.