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Jean Piaget/Cog Development/Epistemology
 

Jean Piaget/Cog Development/Epistemology

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An examination of Jean Piaget and his life's work.

An examination of Jean Piaget and his life's work.

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    Jean Piaget/Cog Development/Epistemology Jean Piaget/Cog Development/Epistemology Presentation Transcript

    • Jean Piaget and his Theories: Cognitive Development and Epistemology
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    • Through play, children assimilate information into their schemas, and accommodate to their surroundings. Play Is Essential To the development Of the the human mind.
    • Top Left: Albino Sparrow Top Right: Mollusk (snail) Bottom: Museum of Natural History in Neuchatel
    • Differentiating the part from the whole.
    • Piaget and His Family. Piaget and His Wife, Valentine.
    • Assimilation = Ball Going Thru Net. Accommodation = Person Shooting Ball.
    • Assimilation Accommodation A balance Creates Equilibrium. An imbalance Creates Disequilibrium.
    • Sensory Motor (Birth-2) Preoperational (2-7) Concrete Operations (7-11) Formal Operations (11-16) The Stages Of Cognitive Development : “ Object Permanence ” “ Egocentrism” “ Interiorized Action” “ Abstract Thought”
    • Sensory-Motor Stage (Birth-2)
      • Six Substages:
      • Random and reflex actions (0-1)
      • Primary circular reactions (1-4)
      • Secondary circular reactions (4-8)
      • Coordination of secondary schemata (8-14)
      • Tertiary circular reactions (12-18)
      • Invention of new means through mental combinations (18-2yrs)
    • Sensory Motor Substages (1-3) Random and Reflex Actions (1st substage): “ Random but Important.” Primary Circular Reactions (2nd substage): “ The recognition of shapes, objects and faces.” Secondary Circular Reactions (3rd substage): “ Imitation.”
    • Sensory Motor Substages (4-6) Coordination of secondary schemata (4th substage): “ Intent. Object Independence. Symbolic Thought.” Tertiary circular reactions (5th substage): “ Rapid expansion of Schema.” New Means through new combinations (6th substage): “ Thought before action.”
    • Preoperational Stage (2-7) Key Terms and Concepts: “ Egocentric behavior” “ transductive reasoning” “ syncretic thought” “ juxtaposition reasoning” “ animism” “ artificialism” Preconceptual Stage (ages two to four) Preceptual or Intuitive Thought Period ( ages four to seven)
    • Preconceptual Stage (2-4) In the Preconceptual stage the child begins to use language and mental images, and attempts to generalize in illogical ways.
    • Preceptual/Intuitive Thought Period (4-7) In the Period of Intuitive Thought , Problem-solving depends on instinctive Thought and appearances, not on judgment Or reasoning.
    • Concrete Operations (7-11)
      • “… the child now can now operate in thought on concrete objects or their representations.”
      • -Logic V. Surface Appearances.
    • Formal Operations (11, or 12 -->) “ Operate on Operations” “ Think about thought rather than about concrete things.” -- Hypotheses
    • Epistemology is simply The development of Knowledge or logical Structures over time. How do we come to know what we know? Development is continuous and consistent.