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Tourism and recreation_tourism_is_dorset_s_pred[1]
 

Tourism and recreation_tourism_is_dorset_s_pred[1]

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Impact of tourism on Jurassic Coast

Impact of tourism on Jurassic Coast

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    Tourism and recreation_tourism_is_dorset_s_pred[1] Tourism and recreation_tourism_is_dorset_s_pred[1] Presentation Transcript

    • A World Heritage Site
      • The Jurassic Coast-
      •  
      • England’s first and only natural
      • World Heritage Site.   
      •  
      • so it needs looking after...
    • Attractions of Jurassic Coast  
      • Studland and Shell Bays
      •  
      • owned by the National Trust.
      •  
      • Up to 1.5 million visitors a year ,
      •  
      • attracted by the fine sandy beaches and a range of beach and water-based activities.
      •  
      •  
      • but what IMPACT do all these people have? 
      • Good and Bad...
    • Fossil hunters' paradise
      • Charmouth
      •  
      • famous for fossils,
      •  
      • attracts many visitors to the area. In addition to fossil collecting, Charmouth is used for beach activities, bathing and rock-pooling.
      • Lulworth Cove -
      •  
      • privately owned . Up to ¾ of a million visitors a year
      •  
      • see the internationally recognised  features of the Cove, Stair Hole and Durdle Door.
      •  
      • The pebble beaches of Lulworth Cove, Man O’War Cove and Durdle Door are popular for beach activities, rock-pooling, bathing and water sports.
    •              Impact 1 -Fossil Collection
      • I nappropriate fossil or specimen collecting is a potential threat to the World Heritage Site (ie we don't people just digging up vast numbers of fossils and walking away with them..)
      •  
      • Too many collectors have left unsightly marks in the rock where they have been digging
      •  
      • But....
      •  
      • Not a major concern because there are SO MANY FOSSILS, so the activity is SUSTAINABLE (the sea constantly erodes new sections of cliff, exposing new finds of fossils)
      •  
      • A CODE of GOOD PRACTICE has been agreed by collectors
    • Impact 2 - Coastal Squeeze"
      •  
      •  
      • human activity limits habitat-
      • eg new buildings,
      • sea defences such as the wall to
      • protect against erosion in the
      • second diagram crowd out
      • the habitat
      •  
    • Impact 3-Litter
      •  
      Danger to sea creatures, damages local FOOD CHAIN and ECOSYSTEMS Health Risk Unsightly
    • Impact 4-Water Sports
      • Divers collect vulnerable species e.g. Pink Sea Fan and Ross Coral; may cause damage to fins of  rare species of fish
      •  
      • Jet Skis disturb wildlife – noise disturbs waders, other birds feeding in Poole Harbour and can wash from boats erodes sea grass beds at Studland;
      •  
      • Coastal marina developments , especially by reclamation, and by pollution from sewage, bilge water and litter.
      •  
      • Windsurfers, etc trample over plant species in fragile sand dunes
      •  
      •  
    • Impact 5- Urban Blight
      • Increasing tourism brings "blight", ie the building of large and inappropriate structures, eg hotels, leisure centres along previously unspoilt coasts.
      • Honeypots -crowded harbours-shore built over by restaurants, poorly designed buildings, slipways, toilets, shops –eg Poole Harbour
      • Large caravan parks in prominent headlands look unattractive;. Slow-moving caravans make surrounding roads congested
      • Marinas built in sheltered harbours; with car parks, boatyards, new buildings, noise-loss of amenity
      • Towns grow along coast and may merge, creating unbroken urban strip.
    • Solutions
      • Voluntary Marine Conservation Areas.
      •  
      • There are a number of voluntary areas in the South West, focusing on different aspects of the marine environment.
      •  
      • Zoning -Poole Harbour Aquatic Management Plan
      •  
      • This plan identifies the southern Harbour as a ‘Quiet Area’ It separates the commercial shipping channel, the main recreational craft channel and the small boat channel from the designated windsurfing area and the Jet-ski area.    
      •  
    • Tourism and the Economy-Gateways
      •  
      • The Management Plan-Primary Gateway Centres to the coast.
      •  
      • educate visitors about the coast’s unique geology
      •  
      • show how the coast is conserved and managed in a sustainable way in line with World Heritage Site principles
      •  
      • provide practical information on visiting the coast such as maps, activity providers and accommodation.
      •  
      • Attract quarter of a million visitors a year ,
      •  
      • generate £5.3m of visitor expenditure and support around 170 additional full-time jobs.