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S2rainforest1

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PPt about Amazon Rain Forest

PPt about Amazon Rain Forest

Published in: Technology, Education

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Transcript

  • 1. S2 Global Studies
  • 2. Objectives
    • To Learn the location and characteristics of the Amazon Basin and understand why it is considered an ‘Empty Land’
    • To know what life is like for people who live there.
  • 3. 5 W’s?
    • Where is the Amazon Basin?
    • What is the climate like ? Why?
    • What is the landscape like ?
    • Who lives there?
    • When was it first settled ?
  • 4. WHERE?
    • The Amazon Basin is located in Brazil (and neighbouring countries) in South America.
  • 5. WHAT is the climate like?
  • 6.
    • It contains one of the longest
    • rivers in the world, approx 6,500km long.
    • It also carries the greatest
    • volume of water in the world.
    • The area surrounding the river is all Tropical Rainforest.
    • This means it is very hot (27 approx.)
    • all year round, and very wet (1500mm).
    Empty Land 2 - The Rainforest
  • 7.
    • What is it like?
    • Very dense forests – over 5m km2
    • Very sparsely populated (Tribes)
    • Contains 1/5 of the world’s freshwater
    • Has 10,000 tributaries
    • Has 30% of all known plant and animal species
    • Covers 6 different countries
    • 2,000 known species of fresh water fish – 10 times that of Europe!
    Empty Land 2 - The Rainforest
  • 8.
    • Vegetation in the Amazon
    • There are 3 layers of trees:
      • the emergents (up to 60m high)
      • the canopy (up to 40m high)
      • the understory (20m high)
    Empty Land 2 - The Rainforest
  • 9. UNDERSTORY CANOPY EMERGENTS
  • 10.
    • The Amazon canopy walkway – extends for 500 metres to see a great view of the forest.
    Empty Land 2 - The Rainforest Trees have few branches and very wide roots. They contain many birds, snakes, monkeys and lianas.
  • 11.
    • WHO lives there?
    • It is home to a very sparse population
    • Population density is very low –
    • often less than 1 person per sq.km. WHY??
    • People who DO live in the area live in ‘Tribes’, and practice ‘Shifting Cultivation’
    • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indigenous_peoples_in_Brazil
    Empty Land 2 - The Rainforest
  • 12.
    • Very Remote
    • Difficult Climate – heat and humidity
    • Very dense rainforest
    • Soils are poor
    • BUT, becoming less empty due to Western world activity
    Empty Land 2 - The Rainforest
  • 13. Empty Land 2 - The Rainforest
  • 14.
      • The native people are Amerindians (eg Yonomamo):
      • They are hunters and gatherers
      • Fish, animals, birds, fruit, honey
      • Subsistence farmers
      • Grow maize, yams, avocado, peppers…
      • Shifting Cultivators (infertile soils)
      • Have no money, make what they need
      • Sustainable farming.
    Empty Land 2 - The Rainforest
  • 15. Empty Land 2 - The Rainforest
  • 16.  
  • 17. Video – Living in the Forest
    • Make bullet points on
      • What the tribes do in the forest
      • What they look like/ wear
      • What they eat
  • 18.
    • The rainforest is important because of its biodiversity, its medicinal plants, air purification (give oxygen), prevent soil erosion and its valuable timber.
    • How do people live there? Page 162 – Rerebawa’s story.
    Empty Land 2 - The Rainforest
  • 19. ‘A Day/ Week in the Life’
    • You are a member of the Yonomamo tribe, living in the rainforest
    • Give an account of what you do in a typical day – start from the moment you wake up until you go to sleep
    • You can write it in note form, giving times
    • Add any drawings and use the textbook to help
  • 20. ‘A Day in the Life’
    • 8.00am
    • I wake up to the sound of tapirs outside my tribal hut. The sun is beating down …
    • 9.00am
    • I now go and hunt my food for the day …
  • 21. Empty Land 2 - The Rainforest
  • 22.
    • IT IS ALSO BEING RAPIDLY CUT DOWN – AS MUCH AS 20%. WHY?
    Empty Land 2 - The Rainforest