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PPt about Amazon Rain Forest

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  1. 1. S2 Global Studies
  2. 2. Objectives <ul><li>To Learn the location and characteristics of the Amazon Basin and understand why it is considered an ‘Empty Land’ </li></ul><ul><li>To know what life is like for people who live there. </li></ul>
  3. 3. 5 W’s? <ul><li>Where is the Amazon Basin? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the climate like ? Why? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the landscape like ? </li></ul><ul><li>Who lives there? </li></ul><ul><li>When was it first settled ? </li></ul>
  4. 4. WHERE? <ul><li>The Amazon Basin is located in Brazil (and neighbouring countries) in South America. </li></ul>
  5. 5. WHAT is the climate like?
  6. 6. <ul><li>It contains one of the longest </li></ul><ul><li>rivers in the world, approx 6,500km long. </li></ul><ul><li>It also carries the greatest </li></ul><ul><li>volume of water in the world. </li></ul><ul><li>The area surrounding the river is all Tropical Rainforest. </li></ul><ul><li>This means it is very hot (27 approx.) </li></ul><ul><li>all year round, and very wet (1500mm). </li></ul>Empty Land 2 - The Rainforest
  7. 7. <ul><li>What is it like? </li></ul><ul><li>Very dense forests – over 5m km2 </li></ul><ul><li>Very sparsely populated (Tribes) </li></ul><ul><li>Contains 1/5 of the world’s freshwater </li></ul><ul><li>Has 10,000 tributaries </li></ul><ul><li>Has 30% of all known plant and animal species </li></ul><ul><li>Covers 6 different countries </li></ul><ul><li>2,000 known species of fresh water fish – 10 times that of Europe! </li></ul>Empty Land 2 - The Rainforest
  8. 8. <ul><li>Vegetation in the Amazon </li></ul><ul><li>There are 3 layers of trees: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the emergents (up to 60m high) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the canopy (up to 40m high) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the understory (20m high) </li></ul></ul>Empty Land 2 - The Rainforest
  10. 10. <ul><li>The Amazon canopy walkway – extends for 500 metres to see a great view of the forest. </li></ul>Empty Land 2 - The Rainforest Trees have few branches and very wide roots. They contain many birds, snakes, monkeys and lianas.
  11. 11. <ul><li>WHO lives there? </li></ul><ul><li>It is home to a very sparse population </li></ul><ul><li>Population density is very low – </li></ul><ul><li>often less than 1 person per sq.km. WHY?? </li></ul><ul><li>People who DO live in the area live in ‘Tribes’, and practice ‘Shifting Cultivation’ </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indigenous_peoples_in_Brazil </li></ul>Empty Land 2 - The Rainforest
  12. 12. <ul><li>Very Remote </li></ul><ul><li>Difficult Climate – heat and humidity </li></ul><ul><li>Very dense rainforest </li></ul><ul><li>Soils are poor </li></ul><ul><li>BUT, becoming less empty due to Western world activity </li></ul>Empty Land 2 - The Rainforest
  13. 13. Empty Land 2 - The Rainforest
  14. 14. <ul><ul><li>The native people are Amerindians (eg Yonomamo): </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They are hunters and gatherers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fish, animals, birds, fruit, honey </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Subsistence farmers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grow maize, yams, avocado, peppers… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shifting Cultivators (infertile soils) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Have no money, make what they need </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sustainable farming. </li></ul></ul>Empty Land 2 - The Rainforest
  15. 15. Empty Land 2 - The Rainforest
  16. 17. Video – Living in the Forest <ul><li>Make bullet points on </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What the tribes do in the forest </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What they look like/ wear </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What they eat </li></ul></ul>
  17. 18. <ul><li>The rainforest is important because of its biodiversity, its medicinal plants, air purification (give oxygen), prevent soil erosion and its valuable timber. </li></ul><ul><li>How do people live there? Page 162 – Rerebawa’s story. </li></ul>Empty Land 2 - The Rainforest
  18. 19. ‘A Day/ Week in the Life’ <ul><li>You are a member of the Yonomamo tribe, living in the rainforest </li></ul><ul><li>Give an account of what you do in a typical day – start from the moment you wake up until you go to sleep </li></ul><ul><li>You can write it in note form, giving times </li></ul><ul><li>Add any drawings and use the textbook to help </li></ul>
  19. 20. ‘A Day in the Life’ <ul><li>8.00am </li></ul><ul><li>I wake up to the sound of tapirs outside my tribal hut. The sun is beating down … </li></ul><ul><li>9.00am </li></ul><ul><li>I now go and hunt my food for the day … </li></ul>
  20. 21. Empty Land 2 - The Rainforest
  21. 22. <ul><li>IT IS ALSO BEING RAPIDLY CUT DOWN – AS MUCH AS 20%. WHY? </li></ul>Empty Land 2 - The Rainforest