Intelligent Transportation                                    J.D. Margulici   Trends and Perspectives                    ...
 ITS primer and brief historyIntelligent Transportation                                    State of the art: tolling & e...
Transportation Funding                           Not only is the Highway Trust Fund                           running a de...
Transit Electronic Fare Payment Systems                                   ITS Trends and Perspectives - April 2011   4
Electronic Tolling and Enforcement                  Texas Turnpike (Austin)                                            ITS...
Road User Charges                    ITS Trends and Perspectives - April 2011   6
Parking Payment / EnforcementAdd Streetline, SF Park…                                ITS Trends and Perspectives - April 2...
Red Light Enforcement                        850 fatalities, 170,000 injuries / year (NHTSA)                        System...
Red Light Enforcement: Safety Benefits    FHWA-HRT-05-049, April 2005    Combined results for seven jurisdictions         ...
Speed Enforcement                                                                        VASCAR (Visual Average Speed Comp...
Automated Speed Enforcement Deployment: France                                ITS Trends and Perspectives - April 2011   11
Occupancy Enforcement1                  2                       3                            ITS Trends and Perspectives -...
Intelligent Transportation    J.D. Margulici  Trends and Perspectives     jdm@novavia.us                     2011     www....
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Intelligent Transportation Trends chpt.5 - Tolling and Enforcement

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The term Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) was coined over two decades ago to designate applications of information and communication technologies to the operational management of transportation networks. The main promise of ITS has been very consistent over that period: network capacity can be freed up by optimizing traffic controls and empowering users with accurate travel information.
It can be debated how much faith practitioners and policy makers have placed in technology by investing their resources, as well as the extent to which Intelligent Transportation Systems have delivered on their promise. However, there is no question that steady and sometimes spectacular advances in computing technologies and usage trickle down to transportation applications in important ways. As a result, new products and services emerge continuously. They include systems that address the direct needs of networks managers, as well as others that are developed in tangential markets (e.g. automotive) or even through non-market mechanisms (e.g. many mobile web applications).
This talk presentation reviews major trends in information and communication technologies and demonstrate how each of them is driving innovative transportation services. We attempt to envision how those trends might develop in the future, so that we can finally examine some of their implications for travel demand and network management. There lie both challenges and opportunities for transportation engineers and planners, but either way, profound changes appear inevitable.

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Intelligent Transportation Trends chpt.5 - Tolling and Enforcement

  1. 1. Intelligent Transportation J.D. Margulici Trends and Perspectives jdm@novavia.us 2011 www.novaviasolutions.com Chapter 5: Tolling and EnforcementNote to copyright owners: all third-party materials contained in this presentation were obtained frompublicly available sources. However, they are reproduced here without explicit permission from their owners. Novavia Solutions will gladly remove any such material at the owner’s request.
  2. 2.  ITS primer and brief historyIntelligent Transportation  State of the art: tolling & enforcement Trends and Perspectives 2011  Information technology trends  Prospective and implications J.D. Margulici jdm@novavia.us www.novaviasolutions.com
  3. 3. Transportation Funding Not only is the Highway Trust Fund running a deficit, current spending levels are inadequate to even maintain existing infrastructure in the long run ITS Trends and Perspectives - April 2011 3
  4. 4. Transit Electronic Fare Payment Systems ITS Trends and Perspectives - April 2011 4
  5. 5. Electronic Tolling and Enforcement Texas Turnpike (Austin) ITS Trends and Perspectives - April 2011 5
  6. 6. Road User Charges ITS Trends and Perspectives - April 2011 6
  7. 7. Parking Payment / EnforcementAdd Streetline, SF Park… ITS Trends and Perspectives - April 2011 7
  8. 8. Red Light Enforcement 850 fatalities, 170,000 injuries / year (NHTSA) Systems reduce red light running, but safety benefits are moderate Typically split revenue between provider and city Big business – Total Addressable Market $3B by some estimates Carlyle Group, Macquarie to acquire Redflex Holdings for $304m ITS Trends and Perspectives - April 2011 8
  9. 9. Red Light Enforcement: Safety Benefits FHWA-HRT-05-049, April 2005 Combined results for seven jurisdictions Right-angle crashes Rear end crashes Definite Total Definite Total crashes injury crashes injury EB estimate of crashes expected in the after period without RLC 1,542 351 2,521 131 Count of crashes observed in the after 1,163 296 2,896 163 period Estimate of percentage - 24.6 - 15.7 14.9 24.0 change (standard error) (2.9) (5.9) (3.0) (11.6) Estimate of the change in crash frequency - 379 - 55 375 32 ITS Trends and Perspectives - April 2011 9
  10. 10. Speed Enforcement VASCAR (Visual Average Speed Computer And Recorder) Speed reduction Speeding reduction Crash reduction 1-15% 14-65% 8-49% Source: Cochrane Collaboration based on a review of 35 published studies ITS Trends and Perspectives - April 2011 10
  11. 11. Automated Speed Enforcement Deployment: France ITS Trends and Perspectives - April 2011 11
  12. 12. Occupancy Enforcement1 2 3 ITS Trends and Perspectives - April 2011 12
  13. 13. Intelligent Transportation J.D. Margulici Trends and Perspectives jdm@novavia.us 2011 www.novaviasolutions.com Next is Chapter 6: Mobility Services
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