Intelligent Transportation Trends chpt.1 - Introduction

1,658
-1

Published on

The term Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) was coined over two decades ago to designate applications of information and communication technologies to the operational management of transportation networks. The main promise of ITS has been very consistent over that period: network capacity can be freed up by optimizing traffic controls and empowering users with accurate travel information.
It can be debated how much faith practitioners and policy makers have placed in technology by investing their resources, as well as the extent to which Intelligent Transportation Systems have delivered on their promise. However, there is no question that steady and sometimes spectacular advances in computing technologies and usage trickle down to transportation applications in important ways. As a result, new products and services emerge continuously. They include systems that address the direct needs of networks managers, as well as others that are developed in tangential markets (e.g. automotive) or even through non-market mechanisms (e.g. many mobile web applications).
This talk presentation reviews major trends in information and communication technologies and demonstrate how each of them is driving innovative transportation services. We attempt to envision how those trends might develop in the future, so that we can finally examine some of their implications for travel demand and network management. There lie both challenges and opportunities for transportation engineers and planners, but either way, profound changes appear inevitable.

Published in: Technology
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,658
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
108
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Intelligent Transportation Trends chpt.1 - Introduction

  1. 1. Intelligent Transportation J.D. Margulici Trends and Perspectives jdm@novavia.us 2011 www.novaviasolutions.com Chapter 1: IntroductionNote to copyright owners: all third-party materials contained in this presentation were obtained frompublicly available sources. However, they are reproduced here without explicit permission from their owners. Novavia Solutions will gladly remove any such material at the owner’s request.
  2. 2. Introduction ITS Trends and Perspectives - April 2011 2
  3. 3.  ITS primer and brief historyIntelligent Transportation  State of the art Trends and Perspectives 2011  Information technology trends  Prospective and implications J.D. Margulici jdm@novavia.us www.novaviasolutions.com
  4. 4. ITS Technologies Algorithms Location Computing Telecoms Sensors ITS Trends and Perspectives - April 2011 4
  5. 5. ITS Applications Traffic Operations (monitoring, dispatch…) Advanced Traffic Management Systems Advanced Traveler Information Systems Public Transit Operations Tolling / Enforcement Commercial Vehicle Operations Intelligent Vehicles Infrastructure-side Active Safety Parking Management Mobility Services ITS Trends and Perspectives - April 2011 5
  6. 6. ITS Prehistory First three-color, four-way traffic light Detroit, 1920 First Transportation Management Center Los Angeles, 1971 First inductive loops & ramp metering Chicago, 1963 ITS Trends and Perspectives - April 2011 6
  7. 7. Birth of ITS: Intelligent Vehicle-Highway SystemsStreamline traffic operationsEnable informed route selectionEnhance system performanceHelp avoid accidentsImprove mobilityAutomatically control vehicles ATMS ATIS CVO Advanced Vehicle Control 1991: ISTEA legislation March 1990 1991: ITS America Dallas 1994: 1st World Congress, Paris ITS Trends and Perspectives - April 2011 7
  8. 8. Automated Highway System ITS Trends and Perspectives - April 2011 8
  9. 9. ITS Legacy“I’m setting a national goal: to build an intelligent transportation infrastructure across the United States to savetime and lives, and improve the quality of life for Americans. I believe that what we do, we must measure . . .Let us set a very tangible target that will focus our attention . . . I want 75 of our largest metropolitan areasoutfitted with a complete intelligent transportation infrastructure in 10 years.” -- Secretary Peña, 1996Freeway Management Electronic Toll CollectionIncident Management Electronic Fare PaymentArterial Management Highway-RailEmergency Management IntersectionsTransit Management Regional Multimodal Traveler Information ITS Trends and Perspectives - April 2011 9
  10. 10. The World in 200038% of Americans have cell phonesBroadband internet use at 6%NASDAQ hits 5,000 511 becomes national traffic information calling number Conformance to National ITS Architecture required FCC allocates 5.9 GHz spectrum to transportation ITS Trends and Perspectives - April 2011 10
  11. 11. Back to the future: ITS Deployment in 2000 41% 43% 14% 52% 85% 62% 70% 4% 80% 43% (projected from 2000) 2007 actuals ITS Trends and Perspectives - April 2011 11
  12. 12. What have we learned 2000? Key Issues The number of Americans having access to the Internet is growingAwareness and perception of ITS rapidly, portending increased Only a handful of adaptive use of ITS applications. control systems are deployedLong-range operations and management nationally (SCATS, SCOOT, LA’s ATSC). Electronic Toll Collection is one of the fundamental and earliestRegional deployment deployed ITS technologies. Optimistically, there will be aHuman resources steady but slow increase in the use of ITS technologies for Integrating arterial traffic, transit management.Partnering emergency vehicle, transit and freeway management would all The lack of traffic flow sensors be important and usefulOwnership and use of resources continues to inhibit the growth advances. of traveler information and improved transportation Hope is that with the addition ofProcurement management systems. cellular phones and a national three-digit traveler information number (511), more deploymentIntellectual property The jury is still out on cellular will occur. phone geolocation for trafficPrivacy probes. Emerging technologies include wireless Internet and automatedLiability information exchange. ITS Trends and Perspectives - April 2011 12
  13. 13. ITS Strategic Plan 2000Conducting researchAccelerating the development of standardsBuilding professional capacity Technology SystemCreating funding incentivesProviding guidance and technical assistanceEnsuring consistency with the National ITS Architectureand standards InstitutionsEvaluating the programShowcasing benefits ITS Trends and Perspectives - April 2011 13
  14. 14.  ITS primer and brief historyIntelligent Transportation  State of the art Trends and Perspectives 2011  Information technology trends  Prospective and implications J.D. Margulici jdm@novavia.us www.novaviasolutions.com
  15. 15. The World in 2010 ITS Trends and Perspectives - April 2011 15
  16. 16. A Tour of ITS Deployments and Trends System Management Traffic Monitoring Tolling / Enforcement Vehicle Technologies Mobility Services ITS Trends and Perspectives - April 2011 16
  17. 17. Intelligent Transportation J.D. Margulici Trends and Perspectives jdm@novavia.us 2011 www.novaviasolutions.com Next is Chapter 2: System Management

×