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  1. 1. ALCOHOL Knowledge is POWER!
  2. 2. … and more <ul><li>6,000 teens die a year from alcohol poisoning. </li></ul><ul><li>Alcohol kills more people in one year than cocaine, marijuana and any other drugs combined! </li></ul><ul><li>Accidents are the number 2 killer (after smoking!) of teens in the United States and accidents are </li></ul><ul><li>PREVENTABLE! </li></ul>
  3. 3. DID YOU KNOW… <ul><li>A “drink” equals 12 oz. of beer, 5-6 oz. of wine, or 1 ½ oz. of 80 proof liquor. </li></ul><ul><li>Alcohol is a depressant. </li></ul><ul><li>It only takes one drink to impair the brains ability to make decisions! </li></ul><ul><li>The liver oxidizes one drink and hour (for adults) and NOTHING can make the liver work faster! </li></ul>
  4. 4. Still more… <ul><li>Urination, Perspiration and Respiration are processes that rid the body of alcohol at approx. 1 drink every 2 hours for teens. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Proof” is a number that indicates the amount of alcohol. The % is half the amount: 80 proof = 40% alcohol. </li></ul><ul><li>BAC is an objective measure of intoxication based on the amount of alcohol in the bloodstream. </li></ul>
  5. 5. … and more <ul><li>People who start to drink in their teens become alcoholics faster than people who wait to start drinking. </li></ul><ul><li>One out of every 10 people who choose to drink will become dependant on alcohol </li></ul><ul><li>One out of every four cars you meet on the highway after 11:00 p.m. is driven by an impaired driver. That doubles after 1:00 a.m. </li></ul>
  6. 6. BAC Levels This chart shows how a drinker’s behavior changes as BAC (blood alcohol concentration) levels increase. These may vary from person to person.
  7. 7. BAC Level & Change I n Behavior <ul><li>.01%-.02% </li></ul><ul><li>The drinker feels relaxed, with a minor impairment of judgment and memory. </li></ul><ul><li>.02%-.03% </li></ul><ul><li>No loss of coordination, slight euphoria and loss of shyness. </li></ul><ul><li>.03%-.04% </li></ul><ul><li>Some loss of judgment and efficiency. Alertness is significantly decreased. Behavior changes are noticed </li></ul><ul><li>.04%-.06% </li></ul><ul><li>Inhibitions are lowered. Decision-making skills are affected. Drinker begins to lose control over actions and emotions. </li></ul>
  8. 8. BAC Level & Change in Behavior <ul><li>.06%-.08% </li></ul><ul><li>Walking, talking and balance are visibly affected. The drinkers ability to react is notably slower. A BAC of .08% is considered legally intoxicated in Alaska. </li></ul><ul><li>.09%-.10% </li></ul><ul><li>Vision, judgment, speech, motor coordination and reaction time are all severely affected. Loss of balance is common. </li></ul>
  9. 9. BAC Level & Change in Behavior <ul><li>.11%-.15% </li></ul><ul><li>Gross motor impairment and lack of physical control. Judgment, memory, self-control are further affected. Irresponsible behavior is evident. There is a decrease in sense of pain. Emotional mood swings. </li></ul><ul><li>.16%-.19% </li></ul><ul><li>Behavior is greatly affected. Lack of motor control; mental confusion. Slurred speech, severe mood swings. Unable to perform tasks. Dysphoria (anxiety, restlessness) predominates, nausea appears. Vomiting happens. </li></ul>
  10. 10. BAC Level & Change in Behavior <ul><li>.20%- .30% </li></ul><ul><li>Unconsciousness usually occurs. All physical and mental abilities are severely impaired. Central nervous system is acutely depressed. Total mental confusion. Respiratory system begins to shut down. </li></ul><ul><li>Above .30% </li></ul><ul><li>The drinker is unconscious, with an irregular heartbeat and breathing patterns. Onset of coma, death is possible due to respiratory arrest. </li></ul>