October2012 KIDS BE AWARE, INC. Volume 1, Issue 7 Sleep Deprivation in Children established before the onset of a new school year, parents may have a The focus difficult time ensuring adequate sleep of Kids Be during school. It is always an Aware is adjustment to developing a new to teach routine to accommodate a new school children year but when sleep eludes us, even and as adults, we are generally not at our best. For children, they are still parents developing in numerous ways and how to they must have quality sleep to Table of Contentsprevent or manage infectious and continue to do so. Every child must CEO’s Corner ...............2chronic diseases. One very important have a certain amount of uninterrupted sleep in order to Highlights .........................2aspect that is often overlooked issleep. Most parents set schedules that develop and function normally. The recommendations for children’s sleepafford a child the recommended Featured Articles: vary depending on age. However,hours of sleep each night. Obtaining children who attend school need Healthy Recipes..............3quality sleep each night is an approximately 10-11 hours of sleepessential component to maintaining per night for optimal functioning. Body Wellness ................4physical and mental functions When children do not obtain quality ...........................................5necessary. With the onset of another sleep, they can become moody, haveschool year, establishing new trouble learning, and often exhibitroutines may take time. However, changes in their behaviors. This lackwith the increased demands placed of quality sleep is known as sleepon the child to remain focused and deprivation. Sleep deprivation hasalert during school, acquiring good been considered as a factor leading toquality sleep each night is often obesity and diabetes in childrenoverlooked. So why is sleep so (Jones, Johnson, & Harvey-Berino,important anyway? Basically, sleep 2008), bruxism or grinding teeth andallows us to recharge and to allow breathing problems (Spruyt et al.,recuperation from the day’s activities 2005), and daytime drowsiness withand demands. It is this “recharging” inability to focus (Dewar, 2008). Our Mission and Visionthat often gets shortchanged due topoor sleep habits, too many If your child has, or is, experiencing To increase diseasedemands, or physical issues leading changes that could be related to sleep awareness among childrento a decrease in the number of hours deprivation, as the parent, you should and parents; To promotedevoted to quality sleep. discuss this with your child’s healthy behaviors, reduce pediatrician. It is never too late to the spread of infections,Sleep habits are easily adjusted start making changes to your child’s and to reduce health-during summer as families enjoy sleep schedules. related issues in oureach other and often take advantage nation’s children.of the great outdoors. If sleepschedules for children are not (Cont. pg 5)
Page 2 KIDS BE AWARE, INC. CEO’s Corner...Howdy! your health fundraising. The current need of thisThis month, we have been organization is to open astriving to bring you a new health and wellnesscenter next to your homes. facility . Together, we can raise disease awareness help us decrease healthWe have been working with among children and disparities among oura consultant to help us parents. children.shape our organizationvision and mission andbring it to another level. On Behalf of KBA, we are “Teach me about health so asking for in-kind that I may teach others”I’m always pleased to bring donations. All donations Together we can!more good news to you alleach and every month and are tax deductible. We seek Cheers and Peace to You!hope that you enjoy reading to acquire a facility withus as much as we enjoy approximately 1200 to 1500 Jeannette Bryant, CEOwriting these articles for square footage of space to Kids Be Aware, Inc.you. house our program.We have been workingovertime getting ourselves From our humbleready for a capital beginnings, and with only acampaign that our little bit of help, we areorganization is launching growing and now we are into help us raise needed the position to make ourfunds to open our children’s dream a reality but to do this, we need your financialhealth and wellness center . support that will enable usWe are eagerly working to expand our Kids Bewith the Woburn public Aware mission, and toschools and Woburn mayor uphold our vision forto see how we can introduce children everywhere.our program into Woburn You may donate by goingpublic schools. While we at our website: http://are delighted in the “We strive to partner with www.kidsbeaware.org or schools, churches, andprogress that KBA is simply by mailing in your organizations to focus on themaking, we have envisioned checks. health and well-being of ourmuch more for our families. children”We are now reaching out to I thank you in advance forschools so we can secure a your support and hope that We are seeking NEW Enrollment!venue for our Dance for you find it in your heart to We are seeking Volunteers for various roles. Contact us and Volunteer!
KIDS BE AWARE, INC. Page 3 Best food Choices for kids For example, foods in the milk Whole grains are the best group, such as yogurt, cheese, choice because they contain and milk, are all good sources more fiber, vitamins, and of protein, calcium, and minerals. Both kids and adults vitamin D. Eating foods from should aim for at least half of each group every day provides their daily servings to be frommost of the nutrients that kids need. whole-grain sources http://www.cookinglight.com/food/lunch-box-http://www.cookinglight.com/food/lunch-box- recipes-kids-00412000072333/page5.htmlrecipes-kids-00412000072333/page5.html The vegetable group is where you Naturally sweet and find many of na- juicy, fruits are also low ture’s healthiest in calories, fat, sodium, foods. Vegetables and cholesterol and are are full of fiber, vi- bursting with an array of tamins, and miner- vitamins and minerals. als and are low in Fruit may already be a calories, fat, so- staple in your house, so if dium, and choles- that’s the case, keep itterol. Vegetables are divided into five sub- up! Remember to intro-groups based on nutrient content—dark-green duce kids to all types of fruit because each offers itsvegetables, orange vegetables, beans and own assortment of nutrients. And try to choose wholepeas, starchy vegetables, and a group for all fruit or cut-up fruit over fruit juices to get more fiberothers. Serve your child a variety of vegeta- and fewer calories per serving. Be sure to cut fruitbles from all the subgroups each week. into appropriately sized pieces for younger children. Nutrients: Carbohydrates, fiber, folate, vitamin C,Nutrients: Fiber and abundant vitamins and potassiumminerals, which vary by vegetable Servings: Approximately 1 to 1 1/2 cups for kids and 1 1/2 to 2 cups for adultsServings: Approximately 1 1/2 to 2 cups forkids and 2 to 3 cups for adults http://www.cookinglight.com/food/lunch-box-http://www.cookinglight.com/food/lunch- recipes-kids-00412000072333/page5.htmlbox-recipes-kids-00412000072333/page5.html
Page 4 KIDS BE AWARE, INC. Body Wellness “ADHD in Children and Adults” According to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC, 2010), 5.2 million children between the ages of 5 and 17 have been diagnosed with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). The National Institutes of Mental Health (NIMH, 2009), describe ADHD as the most common childhood disorder that persists through adulthood. The three hallmarks of ADHD include hyperactivity, impulsivity and inattention. The three subtypes of ADHD are: ADHD, Hyperactive-Impulsive, ADHD, Inattentive,and ADHD, Combined Hyperactive-Impulsive and Inattentive, the most common type andinvolves problems in all three areas. ADHD, Inattentive Type (formerly called ADD) includesimpairments in attention and concentration and ADHD, Hyperactive-Impulsive Type involvesproblems with hyperactivity and impulsiveness without inattentiveness. General misconceptionsabout children with ADHD include: “they just need to be disciplined and then they wouldn’t actlike that!”; “this is just a “lazy” child who doesn’t want to pay attention!” The truth of the matteris that a child with ADHD cannot control his/her behavior because of brain development. Thefrontal lobe, the part of the brain that controls the higher-order processes (i.e., thinking,reasoning, problem-solving and impulsiveness) is the last part of the brain to fully develop (NIMH),leading to the characteristics of ADHD, particularly in sensory processing and motor control. Although the cause of ADHD is currently unknown, Wiley-Blackwell (2009) describedADHD as a “complex condition with genetic and environmental causes.” Wiley-Blackwell pointedout that more than 600,000 genetic markers were discovered in a study of 900 families. This wasthe largest genome wide study of ADHD, the International ADHD Multicenter Genetics(IMAGE) project led by Stephen V. Faraone of SUNY Upstate Medical Center. Although theresults of the study indicated that one genetic marker may be associated with ADHD, manygenes contribute to the disorder. As scientists continue to research for the cause, the factremains that “8-12 percent of children worldwide have been diagnosed with ADHD, thus makingit one of the most common, yet treatable, psychiatric diseases” (Wiley-Blackwell). ADHD is typically diagnosed during childhood but carries over into adulthood (CDC,2010). Many symptoms are present before the age of 7 (DSM-IV-TR, 2000) but are sometimes notfully noted until a child begins school and participates in a more structured daily setting.Common signs and symptoms of ADHD can include: daydreaming, not paying attention, fidgeting,excessive talking, inability to remain seated, interrupting others or talking out of turn, acting andspeaking without thinking, easily distracted, inability to play quietly, and constantly moving (CDC).Although one of most conducive treatments for ADHD is the combination of medication andbehavioral therapy, some parents are concerned about medicating their children and very fewreceive behavioral therapy even when medicated. Medications include both stimulants (i.e.,Ritalin) and non-stimulants (i.e., Concerta). Although 70-80 percent of children respondsuccessfully to stimulants, the non-stimulants have fewer side effects and lasts up to 24-hours(CDC). When combined with behavioral therapy, children will learn how to manage their
KIDS BE AWARE, INC. Page 5 Providing Safe Drinking Water for Your Family Sleep Deprivation in Children(cont.) KNOW YOUR WATER SOURCE Dewar (2008) suggests that •Find out if the pipes in your home or apartment building are parents evaluate the current made of lead or contain lead solder. sleep habits of their children. •Send tap water samples to your local EPA-certified labora- Parents are encouraged to start tory for testing, or buy a water test kit. the following: •If your water is supplied by a public system: ◦ Ask your supplier what chemicals and parasites are tested 1. Have your child wake up for and how the water is treated. the same time each morning. ◦ Obtain a Consumer Confidence Report on your water2. Establish a set time or bed each evening. quality from your public water authority. •If your water supply is a private well: ◦ Test your water3. Avoid any stimulating activities right before bed. yearly for pesticides, metals, coliform bacteria and other possi-4. Avoid stimulating energy drinks and any foods ble contaminants.likely to have an energizing effect on the child. ◦ Avoid using pesticides, fertilizers and other chemicals near your wells supply source as they can pollute your ground- By taking a renewed look at how you the water.parent model good sleep habits, you can help toestablish a commitment to obtaining a restful sleep IMPROVE YOUR WATER SUPPLYeach and every night. When the whole family •Install water treatment filters or conditioning systems.commits to improving overall health, there would be ◦ Several types are available, depending on what contami-little wiggle room for diversions. Children who nants are present.acquire the appropriate amount of sleep each night •Consider buying a water distiller.are more alert and their immune systems function •Flush your pipes by running cold water for at least one min-better. Improved daily functions both physically and ute. •Do not use hot water from the tap for cooking or drinking,mentally, help to establish quality sleep habits as an as toxins are more likely to leach into hot water.adult. •Make sure formula is prepared with safe water since boilingReferences: increases the lead concentration. Infants are at particular risk of lead poisoning because of the larger amount of water theyDeWar, G. (2008). Signs of sleep deprivation in consume relative to their body size.children and adults: A guide for the science-minded •If necessary, install shower/faucet filters since babies can swal-parent. Retrieved from: http:// low water when bathing.www.parentingscience.com/signs-of-sleep- •Immediately dispose of household chemicals like batteries,deprivation.html fluorescent bulbs, used motor oil, etc., at your municipal haz-Jones, K., Johnson, R., & Harvey-Berino, J. (2008). ardous waste depot. (Do not leave them around your home where they may contaminate your water supply.)Is losing sleep making us obese? British NutritionFoundation Nutrition Bulletin, 33(1), 272-278. IMPROVE YOUR WATER SUPPLYwww.nationwidechildrens.org/sleep-in-school-aged •Read the label of your bottled water. "Spring" water comes-children from one or more underground sources and some bottled water may come from a "municipal source" or from awww.pediatrics.about.com/od/sleep/a06_pt_slp_d "community water system," and may have had additional treat-pvd.htm ment. •Avoid plastic bottles with the following recycling codes #1 PET, #3 PVC, #6 PS, and #7 Polycarbonate, which may leakSusan Ruiz, Chair suspected carcinogens and hormone disruptors.Kids Be Aware, Inc. •Look for safer plastic bottles, such as #2 HDPE, #4 LDPE, and #5 PP. Read more: http://www.healthychild.org/live-healthy/checklist/ providing_safe_drinking_water_for_your_family/ #ixzz1sbN9gsgz
symptoms by establishing and following daily routines, creating schedules, and becoming more organized. Parents can benefit from the support of therapy as well and will learn how to encourage a child to follow his/her treatment goals by using goals, rewards, and effective discipline (CDC). In addition, therapists will encourage the parent to help their child find his/her own unique talent (i.e., sports, arts, music, dance, etc.) to enhance his/her overall self-esteem and social skills (CDC). Parents can further help their child by sharing information they learn in therapy, particularly tips on organization, time management andmaintaining attention by corresponding with the child’s teacher and/or other school personnel.One excellent suggestion to help a child manage his/her anxiety and thus improve listening skills isto allow the child to hold a small amount of Silly Putty or Play Dough during lectures. Parentsshould also know that they are not alone and may find comfort in joining support groups forparents of children with ADHD such as C.H.A.D.D. (Children and Adults with Attention-DeficitHyperactivity Disorder). Parents who are concerned about placing their children on medication, often opt for morenatural approaches, such as dietary and nutritional control. One of the most common diets forADHD, as well as other disorders, is the Feingold diet (Feingold, 2012). This and similar diets areoften recommended by physicians and nutritionists as it reduces foods with artificial dyes,additives, preservatives, and sugar. When using restrictive diets, it is necessary to supplement byusing various vitamins and minerals as well. Some parents have found it to be effective,particularly when combined with behavioral therapy. The downside is that the diet is veryrestrictive and as a child gets older, it becomes more difficult for a parent to control what he orshe eats when the parent is not available to monitor their dietary choices. Neurofeedback is also an alternate choice for ADHD. A certified neurofeedback provideruses the EEG to monitor a child’s brain waves while the child plays a series of video games that aredesigned to increase attention and concentration. Although neurofeedback can be very effectivein managing symptoms of ADHD, it often takes between 30-40 sessions that last between 45-60minutes to reach maximum desired results. It should be noted that although alternativetreatments for ADHD (i.e., nutrition and neurofeedback) are very popular choices for someparents, there is a lack of scientific evidence to support efficacy. According to the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH, 2009), because childrenbetween the ages of 3 and 6 often exhibit normal behaviors that often mimic ADHD (i.e.,distraction, impulsivity, lack of concentration), it can be difficult to provide an accurate diagnosisuntil the child is older. Physicians sometimes make the diagnosis of ADHD themselves but in mostcases, the child will be referred to a licensed psychologist who will use a variety of psychologicalassessments to provide a definitive diagnosis (NIMH). This can include a psychologist in privatepractice or a school psychologist. Teachers are often the first to notice symptoms of ADHD andmay refer students to the school psychologist for an evaluation. Because the role of a schoolpsychologist has traditionally focused on issues that impede academic performance, their goal hasnot been to focus on psychological disorders per se. However, if the parent is in disagreementwith the report of the school psychologist, he or she may elect to have their child tested morethoroughly by a psychologist in private practice. If you think your child suffers from ADHD, get help immediately. An earlier diagnosismeans earlier intervention and thus a better overall quality of life. Because ADHD begins inchildhood and continues forward into adulthood for 60 percent of those diagnosed, if left
untreated, it may lead to significant problems to include impulsive behaviors and an ongoinginability to concentrate and focus which may cause failure at the college level, multiple jobs andeven, multiple relationships. More severe symptoms can include difficulty controlling anger,boredom, depression, mood swings, procrastination, low self-esteem, impulsiveness, poororganization and decision-making abilities, substance abuse or addiction, chronic tardiness orforgetfulness, and a low frustration tolerance just to name a few (WebMD, 2012). Because ADHDis a childhood disorder, it is possible that many adults have ADHD but are unaware due to thelack of awareness and detection 20 or 30 years ago. If you smoke, have had multiple jobs due topoor performance or attendance, multiple relationships, including separations and divorces orrelationship problems more than others, have a history of speeding, using illegal substances, havesocial difficulties, including legal problems and, as a child, you repeated a grade, dropped out ofschool, received frequent discipline referrals or were labeled as an academic underachiever, it ispossible that you may have ADHD and not know it. If you suspect this to be true, it would benefityou to contact a physician or psychologist in your area for a psychological assessment for furthertreatment. Once you have been diagnosed and you begin participating in behavioral therapy, youwill learn a variety of techniques that will help you to manage your symptoms more effectively soyou can enjoy a happier and more productive life. References Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC, 2010). FactStats. Retrieved on October7, 2012 from http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/fastats/adhd.htm. C.H.A.D.D. (2012). Parent to Parent Training. Retrieved on October 15, 2012 from http://www.chadd.org/Content/CHADD/Conferences_Training/ParenttoParentProgram/default.htm. Feingold Association of the United States (2012). Feingold Diet. Retrieved on October 15,2012 from http://www.feingold.org/. National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH, 2009). What is Attention-Deficit HyperactivityDisorder? Retrieved on October 7, 2012 fromhttp://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder/what-is-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder.shtml. Rabiner, D. (2009). New study supports neurofeedback treatment for ADHD. Retrieved onOctober 15, 2010 from http://www.sharpbrains.com/blog/2009/03/11/new-study-supports-neurofeedback-treatment-for-adhd/. WebMD. (2012). Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in adults. Retrieved on October15, 2012 from http://www.webmd.com/add-adhd/guide/adhd-adults. Wiley-Blackwell (2009, January 13). Genetic Determinants of ADHD Examined ScienceDaily.Retrieved October 15, 2012 from http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/01/090107134541.htm.Wright, J. (1995). Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: A school-based evaluation manual.Retrieved on October 15, 2012 from http://www.jimwrightonline.com/pdfdocs/adhdManual.PDF.Renee Sullivan, Co-ChairKids Be Aware, Inc.
Page 8 KIDS BE AWARE, INC.Kids Be Aware, Inc. Dance for your Health fundraising event coming upP. O. Box 123456 soon. Details will be available as soon as a venue isBoston, MA 01100 located. Stay tuned! Monthly Highlights We are seeking NEW “We strive to partner with schools, churches, Enrollment! and organizations to focus on the health and We are seeking Volunteers for well-being of our children” various roles. Contact us and Volunteer! We welcome any donations to help us with the leasing of a space and equipments for our center Kids Be Aware, Inc Wellness and Health We are on the Web! Center coming soon around You Be on the Visit us at: www.kidsbeaware.org Lookout!!! To donate to our organization please use this link: http://www.gofundme.com/wwwkidsbeawareorg?utm_medium=wdgt KBA Board Members Jeannette Bryant CEO email@example.com 781-535-2448 Tiffany Henderson Treasurer firstname.lastname@example.org 678-431-6543 Susan Ruiz Chair email@example.com 301-302-4215 Teresa Godley-Chase Co-chair firstname.lastname@example.org 240-515-4222 Renee Sullivan Co-Chair email@example.com 478-718-1306 Regina Rainey Board Member firstname.lastname@example.org 864-303-2151