Trends and impact of information technology in academic libraries

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Trends and impact of information technology in academic libraries

  1. 1. Trends and impact ofinformation technology inacademic librariesJeffrey Demaine, MLISmetajeffrey@yahoo.ca
  2. 2. OutlineBrief history of library techAn Academic Library for the 21st century– Jerry Campbell & David LewisLibrary community on the CloudDigital repositories and metadata– Preservation & e-ScholarshipA 21stcentury university library
  3. 3. Brief history of library tech1980-1994 – Computerization– Automation of backend functions– OPACs, CD-ROM indexes1995-2005 – Internet blossoms– Library services move online2006-present – Digital scholarship– Disruptive change
  4. 4. Jerry D. CampbellCIO and Dean of University Libraries, UCLAChanging a Cultural Icon: TheAcademic Library as a VirtualDestination (2006)"Academic libraries have relinquished much of theirfundamental and sustaining role. For most [academics],the library - in its most basic function as a source ofinformation - has become overwhelmingly a virtualdestination."
  5. 5. Jerry D. CampbellCIO and Dean of University Libraries, UCLAChanging a Cultural Icon: TheAcademic Library as a VirtualDestination (2006)Traditional Library Roles Roles for 21st CenturyLearning spaces Learning spacesCataloguing Creating metadataReference services Does not scale to Web environmentBibliographic instruction Call tech supportCollection development Choosing resources and managing licensesCollecting & archiving Collecting and digitizing archival materialsPreserving knowledge Maintaining digital repositories
  6. 6. David W. LewisDean of Indiana University-PurdueUniversity Library Disruptive Innovation is needed– Move from print to electronic collections– Learn to preserve data for centuries– Assist faculty in curating special collections Catalogs are for machines, not people Repositories are disruptiveA Strategy for AcademicLibraries in the First Quarterof the 21st Century. (2007)
  7. 7. David W. LewisDean of IUPUI University Library Move from print to electronic collections?!A Strategy for AcademicLibraries in the First Quarterof the 21st Century. (2007)
  8. 8. Move from print to electronic collections?!"In response to growing demand for ebookcontent, Springer has begun offering... completecollections of its ebook titles. Pricing is based onthe size of the institution, and the ebooks aresold DRM-free, under a perpetual-license modelthat allows unlimited simultaneous use"- June 2013http://www.thedigitalshift.com/2013/06/ebooks/springer-responds-to-ebook-growth-with-program-for-colleges-and-small-universities/
  9. 9. David W. LewisDean of IUPUI University Library Disruptive Innovation is needed– Move from print to electronic collections– Learn to preserve data for centuries– Assist faculty in curating special collections Catalogs are for machines, not people Repositories are disruptiveA Strategy for AcademicLibraries in the First Quarterof the 21st Century. (2007)
  10. 10. IT makes connections easyLibrarians have always been cooperative andcollaborative– Union catalogues & ILLIT enables libraries to be creative; buildingcommunities around new services.New...– Tools: D-Space (MIT)– Standards: DataCite– Possibilities: RDA
  11. 11. Cloud services: OCLCs WorldShareNot just an ILS, a newtechnology platform.“Web scale” means even smallusers enjoy full functionality.Its all about the data: librariescan create & share apps.
  12. 12. Digital Repositories & MetadataPreservation should not be an afterthought.– Outreach to faculty to ensure appropriatemetadata is part of their data-preservationstrategy (they do have a plan, right?)– Purdue librarians evaluated on this.Repositories neednt be passive.– E-Science: data repository made active by appsfor experiments and analysis.– Carol Goble @ U Manchester: myExperiment
  13. 13. Digitised collections– Museums, libraries, archives and galleries in EULinked Open Data– Resource Description Framework metadataAPI– build applications, websites and mash-ups thatinclude a customised view of Europeana content.e-Humanities
  14. 14. So...InformationTechnologyAcademicLibrariesWhere do WorldShare andEuropeana fit on this continuum?
  15. 15. Taylor Family Digital LibraryUniversity of Calgary"Today, regardless of how information is accessed, knowledgecreation is largely digital. The TFDL fully embraces this reality. It isdesigned for learning in the 21stcentury with cutting-edge technologythat supports collaborative, experiential research and study."
  16. 16. ConclusionOnline scholarship now has critical massLibrarians should seek disruptive innovations– Leverage skills: Metadata, Preservation, LinkingAcademic Libraries goals:– Highlight facultys special collections– Repurpose library space to foster eScholarship– Partner with others to build community

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