Strategies to Teach Orthopaedic Surgery

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Teaching Orthopaedic Surgery from my perspective

Teaching Orthopaedic Surgery from my perspective

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  • 1. Strategies to Teach Orthopaedics Strategies to Teach Orthopaedics
  • 2. Doctor ? Teacher = Strategies to Teach Orthopaedics
  • 3. Where are our credentials to teach?  4 years college  4 years medical school  5 years internship and residency  1 or 2 years fellowship  0 minutes learning to teach Strategies to Teach Orthopaedics
  • 4. Are we ineffective teachers? s We tend to teach the way we were taught s ABCDs of surgical teaching: ² Abuse ² Blame ² Criticize ² Dump ² Exhaustion Strategies to Teach Orthopaedics
  • 5. The effective teacher... …causes …causes others to want what they have and are doing. Strategies to Teach Orthopaedics
  • 6. How we are taught changes... q Pre-adult learning q Adult learning s Classroom-oriented s Oriented towards v Teacher-focused interesting or w Relevance relevant material v Learner-focused unnecessary x Facts w Used to solve real ² Reward/punishment problems x Principles and artificial concepts ² Benefit/risk real Strategies to Teach Orthopaedics
  • 7. The perception of the students... …is the most important factor teachers must deal with--and trust as reality. Strategies to Teach Orthopaedics
  • 8. The perception of the students... …sometimes Strategies to Teach Orthopaedics hurts.
  • 9. The educator is the one who needs to shovel first... …accomplished with a special shoveling tool... Strategies to Teach Orthopaedics
  • 10. Resident learning tools s The operating s Goal: surgical skills room s The emergency s Goal: competent department under fire s The intensive care s Goal: expert units and wards management s The research s Goal: complete setting understanding s The lecture s Goal: anticipate s ????? s Goal: foundation Strategies to Teach Orthopaedics building
  • 11. Characteristics of a Good Teacher s Secure s Encourager s Transparent s Persistent s Successful s Courageous s ??????? Strategies to Teach Orthopaedics
  • 12. Teaching styles Strategies to Teach Orthopaedics
  • 13. teach, we are teaching something else. Strategies to Teach Orthopaedics
  • 14. Consume, then contribute s Consumption without contribution = constipation s Contribution without consumption = catabolism Strategies to Teach Orthopaedics
  • 15. The Problem s Not low morale s Not “the problem is the problem...” s Lost Momentum Get the big MO going! Strategies to Teach Orthopaedics
  • 16. Motivation of residents... ...occurs when their needs (interests, desires, and drives) are being met. Strategies to Teach Orthopaedics
  • 17. Motivation leads to momentum Strategies to Teach Orthopaedics
  • 18. Imparting the necessary tools s Knowledge s Skills s Attitude s Teaching ability s Competence s ??????? Strategies to Teach Orthopaedics
  • 19. Usefulness of a Teacher: Imparting Knowledge s Lectures a synthesis of information s Questions are to be savored s Excites the resident with relevance s ??????? Strategies to Teach Orthopaedics
  • 20. Usefulness of a Teacher: Imparting Skills s Occurs through the level of conscious competence s Guides resident through methodical technical steps s Skills laboratories s ??????? Strategies to Teach Orthopaedics
  • 21. Usefulness of a Teacher: Imparting Attitude s Ethics s Behavior s ????? Strategies to Teach Orthopaedics
  • 22. Usefulness of a Teacher: Imparting Attitude Strategies to Teach Orthopaedics
  • 23. Usefulness of a Teacher: Imparting Teaching Ability Only when our residents are successful teachers can we count ourselves as successful teachers. Strategies to Teach Orthopaedics
  • 24. Usefulness of a Teacher: Imparting Teaching Ability Effectiveness is the only meaningful measurement of teaching. Strategies to Teach Orthopaedics
  • 25. Usefulness of a Teacher: Imparting Competence M a tu r a tio n o f k n o w le d g e a n d s u r g ic a l s k ills u n c o n s c io u s ly in c o m p e te n t They don’t know what they don’t know... c o n s c io u s ly in c o m p e te n t They know they don’t know... c o n s c io u s ly c o m p e t e n t They know they know... u n c o n s c io u s ly c o m p e te n t ...they know Strategies to Teach Orthopaedics
  • 26. They’re Tens 10 10 Strategies to Teach Orthopaedics
  • 27. Catalysts Facilitating Acquisition and Development of Learning s Practice s Near-peer encounters s Stress s Feedback s ??????? Strategies to Teach Orthopaedics
  • 28. Giving: the key tool in Successful Teaching s Prestige Giving: s Research s Ideas s Credit s Effects $$ PRICE Strategies to Teach Orthopaedics
  • 29. Rewards from Successful Teaching s Successful outcome s Successful outcome by a surgeon whom we taught s Successful outcome by a surgeon who was taught by someone we taught Strategies to Teach Orthopaedics
  • 30. “Flowers leave some of their fragrance in the hand that bestows them.” Chinese Proverb Strategies to Teach Orthopaedics
  • 31. Teaching to Give in Teaching…. s “Caught, not taught” s “Sown, then grown” s “No strings attached” Strategies to Teach Orthopaedics
  • 32. Teaching... …if you want to coach the game, you’ve got to know how to win. Strategies to Teach Orthopaedics
  • 33. There is no “I” in TEAM. There is no “I” in TEACH. Strategies to Teach Orthopaedics
  • 34. TEACH To Each A Conquerable Height Strategies to Teach Orthopaedics
  • 35. The most important word in teach is... give to each. Strategies to Teach Orthopaedics