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Strategies to Teach
                               Orthopaedics




Strategies to Teach Orthopaedics
Doctor ? Teacher
                                          =




Strategies to Teach Orthopaedics
Where are our credentials to teach?
             4 years college
             4 years medical school
             5 yea...
Are we ineffective teachers?
            s   We tend to teach
                the way we were
                taught
     ...
The effective teacher...

                      …causes
                      …causes others to want what
                ...
How we are taught changes...
            q Pre-adult learning   q Adult learning
            s Classroom-oriented   s Orie...
The perception of the students...


                   …is the most important factor
                   teachers must deal...
The perception of the
               students...




                                   …sometimes
Strategies to Teach Ort...
The educator is the one who
                 needs to shovel first...



         …accomplished with a special
         sh...
Resident learning tools
            s   The operating        s   Goal: surgical skills
                room
            s ...
Characteristics of a Good Teacher
                                   s   Secure
                                   s   Enc...
Teaching styles




Strategies to Teach Orthopaedics
teach, we are teaching
        something else.




Strategies to Teach Orthopaedics
Consume, then contribute




           s Consumption without contribution =
             constipation
           s Contri...
The Problem
                                         s   Not low morale
                                         s   Not “...
Motivation of residents...



           ...occurs when their
           needs (interests,
           desires, and drives)...
Motivation leads to momentum




Strategies to Teach Orthopaedics
Imparting the necessary tools
            s Knowledge
            s Skills
            s Attitude
            s Teaching a...
Usefulness of a Teacher:
                Imparting Knowledge
            s Lectures a synthesis of information
           ...
Usefulness of a Teacher:
                Imparting Skills
            s Occurs through the level of
              consciou...
Usefulness of a Teacher:
                Imparting Attitude
            s Ethics
            s Behavior
            s ????...
Usefulness of a Teacher:
                Imparting Attitude




Strategies to Teach Orthopaedics
Usefulness of a Teacher:
                Imparting Teaching Ability




                                   Only when our r...
Usefulness of a Teacher:
                Imparting Teaching Ability




                                   Effectiveness i...
Usefulness of a Teacher:
                Imparting Competence
                                     M a tu r a tio n
      ...
They’re Tens




                                   10   10




Strategies to Teach Orthopaedics
Catalysts Facilitating Acquisition
         and Development of Learning
            s Practice
            s Near-peer enc...
Giving: the key tool in
                 Successful Teaching
                                    s   Prestige
            ...
Rewards from Successful Teaching
            s   Successful outcome
            s   Successful outcome by a surgeon
      ...
“Flowers leave some of their
          fragrance in the hand that
          bestows them.”     Chinese Proverb

Strategies...
Teaching to Give in Teaching….
            s “Caught, not taught”
            s “Sown, then grown”
            s “No strin...
Teaching...
               …if you want to
                  coach the
                game, you’ve
                 got t...
There is no “I” in TEAM.




                  There is no “I” in TEACH.
Strategies to Teach Orthopaedics
TEACH




         To Each A Conquerable Height
Strategies to Teach Orthopaedics
The most important word in
                  teach is...




                                       give
                 ...
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Strategies to Teach Orthopaedic Surgery

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Teaching Orthopaedic Surgery from my perspective

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Transcript of "Strategies to Teach Orthopaedic Surgery"

  1. 1. Strategies to Teach Orthopaedics Strategies to Teach Orthopaedics
  2. 2. Doctor ? Teacher = Strategies to Teach Orthopaedics
  3. 3. Where are our credentials to teach?  4 years college  4 years medical school  5 years internship and residency  1 or 2 years fellowship  0 minutes learning to teach Strategies to Teach Orthopaedics
  4. 4. Are we ineffective teachers? s We tend to teach the way we were taught s ABCDs of surgical teaching: ² Abuse ² Blame ² Criticize ² Dump ² Exhaustion Strategies to Teach Orthopaedics
  5. 5. The effective teacher... …causes …causes others to want what they have and are doing. Strategies to Teach Orthopaedics
  6. 6. How we are taught changes... q Pre-adult learning q Adult learning s Classroom-oriented s Oriented towards v Teacher-focused interesting or w Relevance relevant material v Learner-focused unnecessary x Facts w Used to solve real ² Reward/punishment problems x Principles and artificial concepts ² Benefit/risk real Strategies to Teach Orthopaedics
  7. 7. The perception of the students... …is the most important factor teachers must deal with--and trust as reality. Strategies to Teach Orthopaedics
  8. 8. The perception of the students... …sometimes Strategies to Teach Orthopaedics hurts.
  9. 9. The educator is the one who needs to shovel first... …accomplished with a special shoveling tool... Strategies to Teach Orthopaedics
  10. 10. Resident learning tools s The operating s Goal: surgical skills room s The emergency s Goal: competent department under fire s The intensive care s Goal: expert units and wards management s The research s Goal: complete setting understanding s The lecture s Goal: anticipate s ????? s Goal: foundation Strategies to Teach Orthopaedics building
  11. 11. Characteristics of a Good Teacher s Secure s Encourager s Transparent s Persistent s Successful s Courageous s ??????? Strategies to Teach Orthopaedics
  12. 12. Teaching styles Strategies to Teach Orthopaedics
  13. 13. teach, we are teaching something else. Strategies to Teach Orthopaedics
  14. 14. Consume, then contribute s Consumption without contribution = constipation s Contribution without consumption = catabolism Strategies to Teach Orthopaedics
  15. 15. The Problem s Not low morale s Not “the problem is the problem...” s Lost Momentum Get the big MO going! Strategies to Teach Orthopaedics
  16. 16. Motivation of residents... ...occurs when their needs (interests, desires, and drives) are being met. Strategies to Teach Orthopaedics
  17. 17. Motivation leads to momentum Strategies to Teach Orthopaedics
  18. 18. Imparting the necessary tools s Knowledge s Skills s Attitude s Teaching ability s Competence s ??????? Strategies to Teach Orthopaedics
  19. 19. Usefulness of a Teacher: Imparting Knowledge s Lectures a synthesis of information s Questions are to be savored s Excites the resident with relevance s ??????? Strategies to Teach Orthopaedics
  20. 20. Usefulness of a Teacher: Imparting Skills s Occurs through the level of conscious competence s Guides resident through methodical technical steps s Skills laboratories s ??????? Strategies to Teach Orthopaedics
  21. 21. Usefulness of a Teacher: Imparting Attitude s Ethics s Behavior s ????? Strategies to Teach Orthopaedics
  22. 22. Usefulness of a Teacher: Imparting Attitude Strategies to Teach Orthopaedics
  23. 23. Usefulness of a Teacher: Imparting Teaching Ability Only when our residents are successful teachers can we count ourselves as successful teachers. Strategies to Teach Orthopaedics
  24. 24. Usefulness of a Teacher: Imparting Teaching Ability Effectiveness is the only meaningful measurement of teaching. Strategies to Teach Orthopaedics
  25. 25. Usefulness of a Teacher: Imparting Competence M a tu r a tio n o f k n o w le d g e a n d s u r g ic a l s k ills u n c o n s c io u s ly in c o m p e te n t They don’t know what they don’t know... c o n s c io u s ly in c o m p e te n t They know they don’t know... c o n s c io u s ly c o m p e t e n t They know they know... u n c o n s c io u s ly c o m p e te n t ...they know Strategies to Teach Orthopaedics
  26. 26. They’re Tens 10 10 Strategies to Teach Orthopaedics
  27. 27. Catalysts Facilitating Acquisition and Development of Learning s Practice s Near-peer encounters s Stress s Feedback s ??????? Strategies to Teach Orthopaedics
  28. 28. Giving: the key tool in Successful Teaching s Prestige Giving: s Research s Ideas s Credit s Effects $$ PRICE Strategies to Teach Orthopaedics
  29. 29. Rewards from Successful Teaching s Successful outcome s Successful outcome by a surgeon whom we taught s Successful outcome by a surgeon who was taught by someone we taught Strategies to Teach Orthopaedics
  30. 30. “Flowers leave some of their fragrance in the hand that bestows them.” Chinese Proverb Strategies to Teach Orthopaedics
  31. 31. Teaching to Give in Teaching…. s “Caught, not taught” s “Sown, then grown” s “No strings attached” Strategies to Teach Orthopaedics
  32. 32. Teaching... …if you want to coach the game, you’ve got to know how to win. Strategies to Teach Orthopaedics
  33. 33. There is no “I” in TEAM. There is no “I” in TEACH. Strategies to Teach Orthopaedics
  34. 34. TEACH To Each A Conquerable Height Strategies to Teach Orthopaedics
  35. 35. The most important word in teach is... give to each. Strategies to Teach Orthopaedics
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