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The Higher Education Landscape

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  • For the first time, a majority of students complete a degree by attending more than one institution, many by attending more than two.This is called “swirl”Institutions, governments, parents are looking for assurances that what students learn at one institution provides the foundation at another institution.There’s pressure for more consistency in programs and courses across institutions. If needed:1005 graduates·         751 (75%) were scheduled to be completed and of those, 17 (2%) didn’t earn the grades they needed to graduate·         98 (10%) of those who graduated expected to finish their requirements in August and of those, 19 (20%) did not complete their requirements as planned/scheduled·          156 (16%) of those who graduated expected to finish their requirements in December and of those, 56 (33%) did not complete their requirements as planned/scheduled
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    • 1. Programs, Curriculum and Student Learning
      The Higher Education Landscape
      Mel Netzhammer
      February 14, 2011
    • 2. Higher Education Landscape
      Approach and Attitude of Feds
      National Movements and Responses
      State and USNH Priorities
      February 14, 2011
    • 3. Two Emerging National Themes
      Quality Assurance (The current state of the accountability movement and continuous self improvement)
      Student Portability (The ability of students to move seamlessly from one college to another as they complete their degrees)
      February 14, 2011
      Higher Education Landscape
    • 4. February 14, 2011
      Higher Education Landscape
    • 5. Student Portability
      For the first time, a majority of students complete a degree by attending more than one institution, many by attending more than two (swirl).
      Institutions, governments, parents are looking for assurances that what students learn at one institution provides the foundation at another institution.
      Pressure for consistency across programs
      February 14, 2011
      To customize: Choose Insert Menu >> Header & Footer
    • 6. What’s Behind This?
      Trust (The public, our funders, legislators are no longer willing to take our word that students are learning)
      Economy (The funding isn’t there, legislators are looking for efficiencies in higher education)
      February 14, 2011
      Higher Education Landscape
    • 7. What’s Behind This?
      Expense (When the cost of a college education was close to zero, if a student failed everyone accepted it was the student’s fault. When the cost of a college education is $100,000 at a state school, if a student fails people believe it’s the institution’s fault.)
      February 14, 2011
      To customize: Choose Insert Menu >> Header & Footer
    • 8. The Federal Government
      Access: Have the highest percentage of college graduates by 2020 (now 12th)
      Workforce Development: Invest specifically in job preparation/applied learning
      Control Costs:
      • Better financial aid
      • 9. Textbook regulations
      February 14, 2011
      Higher Education Landscape
    • 10. The Federal Government
      Pressure accrediting bodies to set uniform, measurable standards for accreditation (or the federal government will)
      • Example: Regulation of a “credit”
      Central to federal policy is the expectation that colleges will do more to measure learning and demonstrate success.
      February 14, 2011
      Higher Education Landscape
    • 11. Federal Reg on Credit Hours
      Federal regulation defines a credit hour as an amount of work represented in intended learning outcomes and verified by evidence of student achievement that is an institutional established equivalence that reasonably approximates not less than (1) One hour of classroom or direct faculty instruction and a minimum of two hours of out of class student work each week…; or (2) At least an equivalent amount of work as required in paragraph (1) of this definition…
      February 14, 2011
      To customize: Choose Insert Menu >> Header & Footer
    • 12. The National Landscape
      Improving Student Learning
      Measuring Student Learning
      Collaboration
      Openness
      February 14, 2011
      Higher Education Landscape
    • 13. The National Landscape
      …beyond what graduates know, what they can do with what they know is the ultimate benchmark of learning.
      --Lumina Foundation
      February 14, 2011
      Higher Education Landscape
    • 14. Academically Adrift
      “Large numbers of college students report that they experience only limited academic demands and invest only limited effort in their academic endeavors.”
      “Over four years of college coursework, 50 percent of students reported that they had taken five or fewer courses that required 20 pages of writing over the course of the semester, and 20 percent of students reported that they had taken five or fewer courses that required 40 pages of reading per week.”
      February 14, 2011
      Higher Education Landscape
    • 15. Academically Adrift
      12-14 hours studying
      16% of time doing academic things (studying or in class)
      45% did not demonstrate any improvement in learning over 2 years as measured by the CLA; 36% over 4 years.
      CLA results correlate positively to reading and writing expectations in classes.
      http://highered.ssrc.org/files/SSRC_Report.pdf
      February 14, 2011
      Higher Education Landscape
    • 16. The National Landscape
      Texas, Indiana, Georgia, Kentucky, South Dakota, Tennessee and Virginia all have statewide standards for student learning and some tie higher education funding to performance.
      Measures include national standardized tests, state examinations, specific reporting requirements.
      NGA
      February 14, 2011
      Higher Education Landscape
    • 17. The National Landscape
      Governors can help restrain college costs—while extending a quality postsecondary education to a larger segment of the population—by insisting that student learning outcomes become an integral part of state higher education accountability systems.
      --National Governors Association
      February 14, 2011
      Higher Education Landscape
    • 18. Lumina Foundation
      Degree Qualifications Profile
      Sets standards for student learning at the associate, baccalaureate and master levels in five basic areas of learning: Broad, Integrative Knowledge; Specialized Knowledge; Intellectual Skills; Applied Learning, and Civic Learning.
      February 14, 2011
      Higher Education Landscape
    • 19. Lumina
      “What students should know and be able to do once they earn their degrees.”
      Not intended to make degrees uniform, rather an attempt to describe concretely what each of these degrees means.
      Does not define what should be taught or how instructors should teach it.
      http://www.luminafoundation.org/publications/The_Degree_Qualifications_Profile.pdf
      February 14, 2011
      Higher Education Landscape
    • 20. Lumina Examples
      Specialized Knowledge: At the bachelor’s level, the student
      • defines and explains the boundaries and major sub-fields, styles, and/or practices of the field.
      • 21. demonstrates fluency in the use of tools, technologies and methods common to the field.
      February 14, 2011
      Higher Education Landscape
    • 22. Lumina Examples
      Analytic Inquiry: Differentiates and evaluates theories and approaches to complex standard and non-standard problems within his or her major field and at least one other academic field.
      Quantitative Fluency: Translates verbal problems into mathematical algorithms and constructs valid mathematical arguments using the accepted symbolic system of mathematical reasoning.
      February 14, 2011
      Higher Education Landscape
    • 23. The National Landscape
      What would the curriculum look like if the course weren’t the basis of curriculum design?
      --David Carr
      February 14, 2011
      Higher Education Landscape
    • 24. Red Balloon
      AASCU Initiative subtitled Re-Imagining Undergraduate Education
      Three principles:
      • We’ll be expected to do more with less.
      • 25. We will need to collaborate across institutions.
      • 26. Technology has fundamentally changed the way we will educate.
      February 14, 2011
      Higher Education Landscape
    • 27. Red Balloon Examples
      Collaboration: Creating a foundation for a common algebra course that can be adapted to every institution.
      Openness: Increased use of Open Educational Resources, shared materials, and the development of electronic course materials given to students.
      Technology: greater use of tech in course delivery (blended, online, co-curricular)
      http://www.aascu.org/programs/redballoon/index.htm
      February 14, 2011
      Higher Education Landscape
    • 28. The State Landscape
      We face the potential of unprecedented cuts in state funding.
      State interest is not just in our finances but in educational quality.
      We are expected to find ways to keep costs to students down: tuition, fees and other expenses (e.g., textbooks).
      February 14, 2011
      Higher Education Landscape
    • 29. USNH Interests
      Promoting 4-year graduation rates by, for example, capping degrees at 120 credits, except in rare circumstances.
      Developing metrics for determining program viability.
      More serious and advanced documentation of student learning.
      Textbook costs.
      February 14, 2011
      Higher Education Landscape
    • 30. USNH Landscape
      New programs
      Translocated programs
      Increased scrutiny of policies and procedures
      Academic Technology
      February 14, 2011
      Higher Education Landscape
    • 31. Promoting 4-year Grad Rates
      Assumption: Campuses will take steps to improve 4-year graduation rates.
      Assumption: All degrees will be capped at 120 credits, including 12-16 credits of free electives.
      The college will establish clear criteria for when a degree might exceed 120 credits.
      We have until June to develop this process.
      February 14, 2011
      Higher Education Landscape
    • 32. Program Viability Metrics
      Components of program viability: number of graduates, number of majors, number of low-enrolled courses.
      We have the opportunity to develop a template for Keene State College.
      February 14, 2011
      Higher Education Landscape
    • 33. Documenting Student Learning
      NEASC looks at annual reports on assessment.
      The Site Team recognized that we have a firm foundation for assessment, but that we need to be more intentional and serious about that work.
      The USNH Board has been taking greater interest in how we measure student learning.
      February 14, 2011
      Higher Education Landscape
    • 34. Textbook Costs
      Textbooks can be 20 percent of the cost of tuition.
      Top priority of student trustees.
      Interested in greater availability of electronic textbooks.
      Interested in greater availability of open educational resources and open textbooks.
      February 14, 2011
      Higher Education Landscape
    • 35. New Programs
      The governor and trustees want more programs that meet state workforce needs, and they want them offered throughout the state.
      Nursing is the first example.
      February 14, 2011
      Higher Education Landscape
    • 36. Translocated/Articulated Programs
      Significant pressure to develop articulation agreements.
      We currently have two articulation agreements, the fewest of any institution in the state by far.
      Discussions of translocating management, a liberal studies B.A., and master’s education programs.
      February 14, 2011
      Higher Education Landscape
    • 37. Policies & Procedures
      Student insurance
      Travel abroad/faculty led trips
      Automobile policies
      Travel with students
      Collecting money from students
      February 14, 2011
      Higher Education Landscape
    • 38. Academic Technology
      Major focus of Board of Trustees
      Special USNH allocation of $500,000 to support integration of technology to support student learning.
      2011 Summer Institute for Faculty
      February 14, 2011
      To customize: Choose Insert Menu >> Header & Footer