Victorian Era (Queen Victoria 1837-1901) • Industrial Revolution -> machine made ornament -> decoration for middle class. • Railroads -> no longer just local materials. • Sentimentality about death.
Victorian Era • Integration of styles – all of history is available to borrow from. • People wanted clear visual symbols of hierarchy. • New money -> people wanted architecture to provide a sense of identity.
Some Victorian Era Styles Egyptian Revival Greek Revival Gothic Revival Romanesque Revival Georgian Revival Eclecticism Second Empire Beaux Art Tudor Queen Anne Arts & Crafts Italianate Shingle Style
Gothic Revival <ul><li>characterized by strong associational values of religion and nature. It is a revival style based on English and French precedents from the late 12th-15th centuries. Gothic Revival is found in both ecclesiastical and residential architecture with a wide range of archaeological accuracy, from Richard Upjohn's urban churches to "Carpenter's Gothic" cottages. </li></ul>
Sloan's Homestead Architecture, title page Sloan's Homestead Architecture containing Forty Designs for Villas, Cottages, and Farm Houses, with Essays on Style, Construction, Landscape Gardening, Furniture etc., etc. Illustrated with Upwards of Two Hundred Engravings Samuel Sloan, Architect Philadelphia J.B. Lippincott & Co. 1867