FCSarch 24 Gothic Revival -- Victorian Era

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Gothic Revival

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  • FCSarch 24 Gothic Revival -- Victorian Era

    1. 1. Victorian Era: Gothic Revival
    2. 2. Victorian Era (Queen Victoria 1837-1901) • Industrial Revolution -> machine made ornament -> decoration for middle class. • Railroads -> no longer just local materials. • Sentimentality about death.
    3. 3. Victorian Era • Integration of styles – all of history is available to borrow from. • People wanted clear visual symbols of hierarchy. • New money -> people wanted architecture to provide a sense of identity.
    4. 4. Some Victorian Era Styles Egyptian Revival Greek Revival Gothic Revival Romanesque Revival Georgian Revival Eclecticism Second Empire Beaux Art Tudor Queen Anne Arts & Crafts Italianate Shingle Style
    5. 5. Egyptian Revival
    6. 6. Mount Auburn Cemetery, Entrance Gate Mount Auburn Cemetery, Boston
    7. 7. Mount Auburn Cemetery, Sphinx
    8. 8. Grove St. Cemetery,  New Haven, CT, (Architect: H. Austin) 1844-48
    9. 9. Egyptian Building, VA Commonwealth University, Richmond. Thomas Stewart (1845)
    10. 10. Egyptian Building, VA Commonwealth University
    11. 11. Gothic Revival <ul><li>characterized by strong associational values of religion and nature. It is a revival style based on English and French precedents from the late 12th-15th centuries. Gothic Revival is found in both ecclesiastical and residential architecture with a wide range of archaeological accuracy, from Richard Upjohn's urban churches to &quot;Carpenter's Gothic&quot; cottages. </li></ul>
    12. 12. ENGLAND: Houses of Parliament, river facade
    13. 13. Trinity Church (1839) Richard Upjohn view from Wall Street Trinity Church, Manhattan Richard Upjohn 1839
    14. 14. Trinity Church
    15. 15. Trinity Church
    16. 16. Trinity Church, interior
    17. 17. Brooklyn Bridge
    18. 18. Eastern State Penn.
    19. 19. Saint Patrick's Cathedral, NYC
    20. 20. Sloan's Homestead Architecture, title page Sloan's Homestead Architecture containing Forty Designs for Villas, Cottages, and Farm Houses,   with Essays on Style, Construction, Landscape Gardening, Furniture etc., etc. Illustrated with Upwards of Two Hundred Engravings   Samuel Sloan, Architect   Philadelphia J.B. Lippincott & Co. 1867
    21. 21. Gothic Cottage
    22. 22. Gothic Cottage, Northern Style
    23. 23. &quot;Wedding Cake&quot; House, Kennebunkport, ME (1826/1855)
    24. 24. Gothic Revival House, Salem, MA. (c. 1850)
    25. 25. MEMORAL HALL, Harvard Univ., VanBrunt (1870-78) Memorial Hall Harvard Univ. Henry VanBrunt 1870
    26. 26. Memorial Hall, drawing
    27. 27. Memorial Hall, tower detail
    28. 28. Memorial Hall
    29. 29. Pre-tower restoration
    30. 30. Memorial Hall, plan
    31. 31. Memorial Hall, interior
    32. 32. Memorial Hall, interior window
    33. 33. Memorial Hall, interior dining hall
    34. 34. Westminster                                                                        
    35. 35. Sheldonian Theater, Oxford
    36. 36. Sheldonian Theater, Oxford

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