FCSarch 18 Iron in Europe

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FCSarch 18 Iron in Europe

  1. 1. Iron and Steel in Europe
  2. 2. Church of Sainte Genevieve
  3. 3. Bibliotheque St Genevive, Paris, 1843 Henri Labrouste
  4. 4. Bibliotheque St Genevive
  5. 5. Bibliotheque St Genevive
  6. 6. Bibliotheque St Genevive
  7. 7. Bibliotheque St Genevive, Detail showing the names of authors inscribed on the facade and the bronze paterae
  8. 8. Pantheon (Sainte Genevieve) façade detail: “Aux Grands Hommes La Paris Reconnaissante”
  9. 9. Bibliotheque St Genevive, plan
  10. 10. Bibliotheque St Genevive Entrance vestibule with arcadian murals and philosopher's busts; note the contrast between the light iron superstructure and the square and fluted heavy masonry piers.
  11. 11. Bibliotheque St Genevive, Reading room
  12. 12. Bibliotheque St Genevive, Reading room with central iron colonnade supporting the arched ceiling.
  13. 13. Project for the Bibliotheque Nationale, Boullee (1785)
  14. 14. Bibliotheque St Genevive, section
  15. 15. Bibliotheque St Genevive, section
  16. 16. This building expresses the tension between the traditions of history (as displayed on the exterior) and the promises of technology (revealed in the interior). Labrouste follows tradition and includes the names of over 900 authors on the exterior entablature. The interior reading room uses iron decoratively as well as structurally, elevating iron's status from a purely industrial material. The sense of modernity is also expressed through the inclusion of gas lamps in the reading room, thereby allowing a public interior space to be utilized at night.
  17. 17. CRYSTAL PALACE, London (1851) Joseph Paxton, reconstruction with landscaping Crystal Palace, London, 1851 Joseph Paxton
  18. 18. Crystal Palace
  19. 19. Crystal Palace
  20. 20. Greenhouse/Conservatory
  21. 21. Crystal Palace, construction
  22. 22. Crystal Palace, construction
  23. 23. Crystal Palace, construction
  24. 24. Crystal Palace, early plan
  25. 25. Crystal Palace
  26. 26. Crystal Palace, elevation
  27. 27. Crystal Palace, photo
  28. 29. Crystal Palace after fire
  29. 30. LES HALLES, Paris. V. Baltard. (1853)
  30. 31. GALLERIA Vittorio Emanuele II . (1861-1877) Arcade connecting Piazza del Duomo with the Piazza delle Scala
  31. 32. Arch of Constantine 315 CE
  32. 33. Alberti’s Sant'Andrea, Mantua (begun 1470) Facade combining triumphal arch and temple front motifs
  33. 34. Galleria, plans
  34. 35. Milan Cathedral ( Duomo) 1380-1900s?
  35. 36. Galleria, etching
  36. 37. Galleria, interior
  37. 38. Galleria, interior                                                                                                                       
  38. 39. Galleria, dome construction
  39. 40. Virtual Tour: http://www.hotelcristallomilan.com/virtual_milan/Milan_Galleria.htm
  40. 41. ST PANCRAS Station, London, (1863-67)
  41. 42. St Pancras Station
  42. 43. St Pancras Station, section
  43. 44. St Pancras Station, exterior
  44. 45. St Pancras Station, exterior
  45. 46. St Pancras Station (Midland Grand Hotel)
  46. 47. St Pancras Station, plan
  47. 48. Victoria Station London, England. G. Stephenson. (1845-49)
  48. 49. Train accident Gare du Montparnasse 1895
  49. 50. EIFFEL TOWER , early plan
  50. 51. Eiffel Tower, Gustov Eiffel. (1887-89)
  51. 52. Eiffel Tower, construction
  52. 53. Eiffel Tower
  53. 54. Eiffel Tower
  54. 55. Eiffel Tower, plan of first level
  55. 56. The Oxford Museum by Deane and Woodward
  56. 57. The Oxford Museum,  Iron and glass roofed court
  57. 58. NATURAL HISTORY MUSEUM (1873) watercolor
  58. 59. Natural History Museum, interior
  59. 60. Natural History Museum, interior
  60. 61. Natural History Museum (Romanesque)
  61. 62. Natural History Museum, door
  62. 63. Natural History Museum, door detail Romanesque columns                                              
  63. 64. Natural History Museum, Terracotta monkeys climbing an interior archway.                                                              
  64. 65. Natural History Museum, interior. Terracotta panels of living creatures and plants.                                       

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