The Fasces
Mussolini
Victor Emanuel II himself
Italy
Victor Emanuel II
Monument to Victor Emanuel II
Rome, 1885-1925
Victor Emanuel II, Aerial (note Campidoglio in upper left)
Franco
Franco’s Tomb
The construction was undertaken by
the forced labor of 20,000 opposition
prisoners.
It was intended that thr...
Volkshalle
(unrealized)
Zeppelinfeld,
1937 - (Nuremberg, Germany)
Architect: Albert Speer
Olympic Stadium 1936 - (Berlin)
Architect: Albert Speer
House of German Art (Haus der Deutschen Kunst)
1934-7
(Munich,
Germany)
Fascism, Cult of Personality & Nazi Architecture
Fascism, Cult of Personality & Nazi Architecture
Fascism, Cult of Personality & Nazi Architecture
Fascism, Cult of Personality & Nazi Architecture
Fascism, Cult of Personality & Nazi Architecture
Fascism, Cult of Personality & Nazi Architecture
Fascism, Cult of Personality & Nazi Architecture
Fascism, Cult of Personality & Nazi Architecture
Fascism, Cult of Personality & Nazi Architecture
Fascism, Cult of Personality & Nazi Architecture
Fascism, Cult of Personality & Nazi Architecture
Fascism, Cult of Personality & Nazi Architecture
Fascism, Cult of Personality & Nazi Architecture
Fascism, Cult of Personality & Nazi Architecture
Fascism, Cult of Personality & Nazi Architecture
Fascism, Cult of Personality & Nazi Architecture
Fascism, Cult of Personality & Nazi Architecture
Fascism, Cult of Personality & Nazi Architecture
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Fascism, Cult of Personality & Nazi Architecture

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  • Known as Il Vittoriano, this monument was begun in 1885 and inaugurated in 1925 in honour of Victor Emmanuel II of Savoy, the first king of a unified Italy. The king is depicted here in a gilt bronze equestrian statue, over-sized like the monument itself - the statue is 12 m (39 ft) long.Built in austere white Brescian marble, the "wedding cake" or "typewriter" (two of many insulting nicknames given to this unloved white elephant) will never mellow into the ochre tones of surrounding buildings. It is widely held to be the epitome of self-important, insensitive architecture.Its negative fame is now starting to change: the edifice contains an exhibition area offering important temporary exhibitions. To note that in June 2002, Il Vittoriano has been re-opened to the public, to become one of the most glorious "belvederes" over Rome's unique scenarios.
    The lavish Victor Emmanuel Monument, Italy's first King.  This huge white structure right in the middle of Rome is hated for its associations with fascism, incongruence with the surrounding old architecture, and shameless luxury.  It is, nonetheless, spectacular. 
    The Kingdom of Italy needed to celebrate Victor Emmanuel II and the northern part of Capitol Hill was chosen to erect a gigantic monument which was to become the symbol itself of the new State. Palazzetto Venezia was re-erected near the church of S. Marco, the Torlonia sold their Palace (previously known as Palazzo Bolognetti) to allow space for enlarging Piazza Venezia and the medieval buildings on the slopes of the Capitol (including the imposing tower shown in the plate) were pulled down. The chapel mentioned by Vasi (Cappella della Beata Vergine) was in part rebuilt inside Palazzo Venezia.
  • When you think of Nazi Architecture/ Nazi Germany on general, what do you think of?
    Hitler’s intentions for Nazi Germany – the Third Reich:
    Wanted it to be the most powerful country/ empire in the world
    Thought that everything would center around Germany once they won the war
    Germany was depressed from losing WWI – Hitler could seize this low morale and mold it into national spirit
    Hitler believed that architecture could sculpt/ craft a nation
    This is why he put so much effort into creating his empire
    Intentions behind Hitler’s building plan:
    Unify – the nation under his rule – create cohesiveness within the people/ community (nationalism)
    Awe inspire – make it known to everybody who saw that Germany was all-powerful
    Educate – the German people about their past and their future under his reign
  • Volkshalle (“People’s Hall’) – concrete + stone
    Blatantly looking toward the Pantheon – Hitler had an obsession with the Pantheon
    "From the time I experienced this building – no description, picture or photograph did it justice – I became interested in its history […] For a short while I stood in this space (the rotunda) – what majesty! I gazed at the large open oculus and saw the universe and sensed what had given this space the name Pantheon – God and the world are one“
    Was to be the architectural centerpiece of Berlin (i.e. in Hitler’s mind, the new World Capital)
  • Volkshalle
    OCULUS = 46 meters (150 feet)
    DOME = 90 meters (295 feet)
    The total HEIGHT = 290 Meters (950 Feet)
    Instead of the Eagle grasping a swastika at the top of the dome, It would be clenching the world
    Was to house 180,000 people
  • Volkshalle
    Architectural Flukes: Questionable completion of project
    Acoustics: Either impossible to hear the speaker because of the size of the space – or so loud that it would cause deafness
    Amount of people and size:
    One critic said: “during cold weather, the breathing and perspiration of 180,000 occupants in such a large and high dome might precipitate and fall back down.”
    This building was clearly meant to inspire awe in all who saw it.
  • Zeppelinfeld – Neoclassical style – very basic and unornamented
    Where Nazi Party rallies were help from 1933-1938
    Building community – Having people come together as a group
    Hitler would assemble his troops in Zepplinfeld and parade them around – showing them off to the German people
    Incorporated Excessive amounts of flags and banners – very spirited
  • Zeppelinfeld
  • Zeppelinfeld
    Supposed to house 100,000 people
  • Zeppelinfeld
  • Zeppelinfeld at night
  • Olympic stadium in Berlin
  • Olympic stadium in Berlin
  • Haus der deutschen Kunst
  • Haus der deutschen Kunst
  • Haus der deutschen Kunst - interior
  • Haus der deutschen Kunst - interior
  • Fascism, Cult of Personality & Nazi Architecture

    1. 1. The Fasces
    2. 2. Mussolini
    3. 3. Victor Emanuel II himself Italy Victor Emanuel II
    4. 4. Monument to Victor Emanuel II Rome, 1885-1925
    5. 5. Victor Emanuel II, Aerial (note Campidoglio in upper left)
    6. 6. Franco
    7. 7. Franco’s Tomb The construction was undertaken by the forced labor of 20,000 opposition prisoners. It was intended that through such work prisoners would have the opportunity to “redeem themselves.”
    8. 8. Volkshalle (unrealized)
    9. 9. Zeppelinfeld, 1937 - (Nuremberg, Germany) Architect: Albert Speer
    10. 10. Olympic Stadium 1936 - (Berlin) Architect: Albert Speer
    11. 11. House of German Art (Haus der Deutschen Kunst) 1934-7 (Munich, Germany)
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