Emily Dickinson


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Emily Dickinson

  1. 1. Emily Dickinson By Jennie Dannecker
  2. 2. Family History <ul><li>the Dickinsons had arrived in the New World—in the puritan Great Migration </li></ul><ul><li>paternal grandfather, Samuel Dickinson, had almost single-handedly founded Amherst College </li></ul><ul><li>Edward, her father, was treasurer of Amherst College for nearly forty years, served numerous terms as a State Legislator, and represented the Hampshire district in the United States Congress </li></ul><ul><li>May 6, 1828, Edward married Emily Norcross, her mother, from Monson </li></ul><ul><li>Brother, William Austin, known as Austin </li></ul><ul><li>Sister, Lavinia Norcross, known as Lavinia or Vinnie </li></ul>
  3. 3. Emily’s Youth <ul><li>Described by her aunt as “perfectly well & contented—She is a very good child & but little trouble”. </li></ul><ul><li>Her education was noted to be &quot;ambitiously classical for a Victorian girl&quot; . </li></ul><ul><li>1840 she began to attend Amherst Academy </li></ul>
  4. 4. Emily as a Teen <ul><li>7 years of classes in English and classical literature, Latin, botany, geology, history, &quot;mental philosophy&quot; and arithmetic </li></ul><ul><li>She was out due to illness for periods of time </li></ul><ul><li>1844 she was traumatized by the death of her closest second cousin to typhus </li></ul><ul><li>1845 she found religion </li></ul><ul><li>1847 she began to attend Mary Lyon's Mount Holyoke Female Seminary </li></ul><ul><li>1848 she was taken home by Austin </li></ul><ul><li>1852 she lost religion </li></ul>
  5. 5. Influences in Writing <ul><li>Benjamin Franklin Newton </li></ul><ul><li>William Wordsworth </li></ul><ul><li>Ralph Waldo Emerson </li></ul><ul><li>Lydia Maria Child </li></ul><ul><li>Henry Wadsworth Longfellow </li></ul><ul><li>Charlotte Bronte </li></ul><ul><li>William Shakespeare </li></ul>
  6. 6. Emily as an Adult <ul><li>Traumatized by another untimely death </li></ul><ul><li>1850s forms a relationship with Susan Gilbert </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Emily sends her over 300 letters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>She marries Emily’s brother </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1855 she goes to Washington and Philadelphia </li></ul><ul><li>She meets Charles Wadsworth during her visit to Philadelphia </li></ul><ul><li>Mid 1850s Emily’s mother becomes ill </li></ul>
  7. 7. Emily as an Adult Cont. <ul><li>1858 she began cleaning up her already written poems </li></ul><ul><li>1858-1865 she creates 40 books with about 800 poems </li></ul><ul><li>She meets Samuel Bowles </li></ul><ul><li>1862 Thomas Wentworth Higginson wrote “Letter to a Young Contributor” </li></ul>
  8. 8. Emily as an Adult Cont. <ul><li>She responded with: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mr Higginson, Are you too deeply occupied to say if my Verse is alive? The Mind is so near itself – it cannot see, distinctly – and I have none to ask – Should you think it breathed – and had you the leisure to tell me, I should feel quick gratitude – If I make the mistake – that you dared to tell me – would give me sincerer honor – toward you – I enclose my name – asking you, if you please – Sir – to tell me what is true? That you will not betray me – it is needless to ask – since Honor is it's [sic] own pawn – </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. A Change in Emily <ul><li>1867 she rarely left the house </li></ul><ul><li>She would only speak to people through the door, no face-to-face interaction </li></ul><ul><li>1870 she formally meets Higginson when he came to Amherst </li></ul><ul><li>About 1873 she becomes acquainted with Otis Phillips Lord </li></ul><ul><li>1874 her father dies </li></ul><ul><li>1875 her mother dies </li></ul>
  10. 10. A Change in Emily Cont. <ul><li>1882 Charles Wadsworth dies </li></ul><ul><li>1884 Otis Phillips Lord dies </li></ul><ul><li>1886 Emily dies </li></ul>
  11. 11. Life After Death <ul><li>1890 the first volume of Emily’s poems is produced </li></ul><ul><li>1891 the second volume was produced </li></ul><ul><li>1914 and 1929 Emily’s niece published a new series of poems </li></ul><ul><li>1955 Thomas H Johnson published the first scholarly edition in a three volume set </li></ul>