Lecture 16:  The Black Death
Great Famine +  Climate Change (1315-1317)  <ul><li>Population increase </li></ul><ul><li>Severe floods = loss of harvest ...
Black Death: Overview <ul><li>Arrival + spread of the Black Death </li></ul><ul><li>Bubonic Plague (2 forms) </li></ul><ul...
Explanations for the Plague <ul><li>The air + alignment of planets </li></ul><ul><li>The wrath of God </li></ul><ul><li>Re...
Reactions to the Plague <ul><li>Prevention </li></ul><ul><li>Flight + separation </li></ul><ul><li>Quarantine measures </l...
The Flagellant Movement   <ul><li>Ceremony of suffering </li></ul><ul><li>Membership </li></ul><ul><li>Conflict with Papac...
Jewish Scapegoats <ul><li>Attacks </li></ul><ul><li>Reasoning </li></ul><ul><li>Legal separation </li></ul><ul><li>Inquisi...
Results of the Black Death <ul><li>Recurring outbreaks </li></ul><ul><li>Why did it end? </li></ul><ul><li>Decline of Popu...
Death in Art: The Macabre <ul><li>Dance of Death </li></ul><ul><li>Illuminated manuscripts:  Danse Macabre des Femmes   </...
Mongol Invasions <ul><li>Rise of Mongolian Empire: Genghis Khan </li></ul><ul><li>Conquest of Northern China + expansion w...
Rise of the Ottoman Turks <ul><li>Power in Anatolia </li></ul><ul><li>Conquest of Serbia (Battle of Kosovo) + the Balkans ...
Economic Collapse (14 th  C) <ul><li>Decline in population </li></ul><ul><li>Wars: Taxation + inflation </li></ul><ul><li>...
Workers Revolts <ul><li>Causes </li></ul><ul><li>Higher wages refused </li></ul><ul><li>Increased taxes </li></ul><ul><li>...
Major Peasant Revolts <ul><li>Revolt of the Ciompi (1378) </li></ul><ul><li>Jacquerie  (1358) </li></ul><ul><li>English Pe...
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The black deathedited

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The black deathedited

  1. 1. Lecture 16: The Black Death
  2. 2. Great Famine + Climate Change (1315-1317) <ul><li>Population increase </li></ul><ul><li>Severe floods = loss of harvest </li></ul><ul><li>“ Little Ice Age” </li></ul><ul><li>Malnutrition = vulnerability </li></ul>
  3. 3. Black Death: Overview <ul><li>Arrival + spread of the Black Death </li></ul><ul><li>Bubonic Plague (2 forms) </li></ul><ul><li>Symptoms </li></ul><ul><li>Unpredictable + infectious nature </li></ul><ul><li>Death rate </li></ul>
  4. 4. Explanations for the Plague <ul><li>The air + alignment of planets </li></ul><ul><li>The wrath of God </li></ul><ul><li>Result: Collective Guilt </li></ul>
  5. 5. Reactions to the Plague <ul><li>Prevention </li></ul><ul><li>Flight + separation </li></ul><ul><li>Quarantine measures </li></ul><ul><li>Power of good cheer </li></ul><ul><li>Smell + sound </li></ul><ul><li>Turning to God </li></ul><ul><li>Medical remedies </li></ul><ul><li>Bloodletting + lancing boils </li></ul><ul><li>“ Good” Regimen </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Flagellant Movement <ul><li>Ceremony of suffering </li></ul><ul><li>Membership </li></ul><ul><li>Conflict with Papacy </li></ul><ul><li>Popular reception </li></ul>
  7. 7. Jewish Scapegoats <ul><li>Attacks </li></ul><ul><li>Reasoning </li></ul><ul><li>Legal separation </li></ul><ul><li>Inquisition of Jews </li></ul><ul><li>End of Black Death: Aftermath </li></ul>
  8. 8. Results of the Black Death <ul><li>Recurring outbreaks </li></ul><ul><li>Why did it end? </li></ul><ul><li>Decline of Population </li></ul><ul><li>Church + nobles: income loss </li></ul><ul><li>Peasant revolts </li></ul><ul><li>Moral decay of church </li></ul>
  9. 9. Death in Art: The Macabre <ul><li>Dance of Death </li></ul><ul><li>Illuminated manuscripts: Danse Macabre des Femmes </li></ul><ul><li>Transi tombs </li></ul>
  10. 10. Mongol Invasions <ul><li>Rise of Mongolian Empire: Genghis Khan </li></ul><ul><li>Conquest of Northern China + expansion west </li></ul>
  11. 11. Rise of the Ottoman Turks <ul><li>Power in Anatolia </li></ul><ul><li>Conquest of Serbia (Battle of Kosovo) + the Balkans </li></ul><ul><li>1453: Capture of Constantinople </li></ul>
  12. 12. Economic Collapse (14 th C) <ul><li>Decline in population </li></ul><ul><li>Wars: Taxation + inflation </li></ul><ul><li>Decline of trade </li></ul><ul><li>Banking crash </li></ul>
  13. 13. Workers Revolts <ul><li>Causes </li></ul><ul><li>Higher wages refused </li></ul><ul><li>Increased taxes </li></ul><ul><li>Nature of rebellions </li></ul><ul><li>Consequences </li></ul>
  14. 14. Major Peasant Revolts <ul><li>Revolt of the Ciompi (1378) </li></ul><ul><li>Jacquerie (1358) </li></ul><ul><li>English Peasants War (1381) </li></ul>
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