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Lecture12riseofislamedited

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Transcript

  • 1. Lecture 12: The Rise of Islam
  • 2. Muhammad + Mecca
    • Arabian Peninsula: nomadic + tribal
    • Worship : Kaaba
    • Early upbringing
    • Social inequality
    • Revelations: Qu’ran
  • 3. Journey to Medina (622)
    • Enemies in Mecca
    • Hegira
    • New Islamic community
    • Prohibitions + legal system
    • Attack + triumph
    • Secular vs. religious
  • 4. Islamic Theology
    • Muhammad as prophet + rasul Allah
    • Nature of God
    • Christians and Jews
    • 5 Pillars of Faith:
    • Profession of faith
    • Prayers
    • Charity
    • Fasting
    • Pilgrimage
  • 5. The Qur'an
    • Mecca: Poetic Verse
    • Medina: Legalistic
    • Recording revelations
    • Structure
    • Arabic language
    • The Hadith – secondary text
  • 6. Succession Crisis: Sunnis and Shiites
    • Death of Muhammad
    • Successor: Abu Bakr
    • Sunnis vs. Shiites
    • Ali vs. Umayyads
  • 7. The Umayyad Dynasty (661 – 750)
    • Model of Monarchy
    • Mu'awiyya – hereditary succession
    • Byzantine influence
    • Garrison towns, new cities
    • Commerce + Trade
    • Treatment of non-Muslims
    • “ People of the book”: Dhimmi
  • 8. Muslim Conquests
    • Jihad
    • Attacks on Byzantium + Persia
    • Umayyad conquests
    • House of Islam + House of War
    • Razzia
  • 9. The Abassid Dynasty (750-945)
    • City of Baghdad
    • Non-Arabs: Equality
    • Urbanization
    • Trade + industry
  • 10. Islamic Golden Age
    • Value of knowledge
    • Translations
    • Papermaking
    • Libraries + institutions of learning
    • Philosophy: Al-Kindi
    • Literature: Arabian Nights
    • Mathematics + Astronomy
    • Architecture: Mosques
    • Art: Calligraphy
  • 11. Christian Reconquest of Spain
    • Splendor of Granada
    • End of Umayyad Caliphate
    • 1085: Capture of Toledo
    • The Almoravids
    • Kingdom of Granada
    • 1492: Christian conquest complete

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