Revival of the Church  + The Crusades
Origins of Church Reforms (11th-13th                C)   Corruption: wealth +    secular influence   Church Revival: ori...
New Religious Orders: The               Cisterians   Origin + purpose   Strict asceticism   Agricultural innovations  ...
The Franciscan Order   Friar vs. Monk   St. Francis of Assisi   Mystical visions   Life of poverty   Spreading the go...
The Dominican Order   Dominic   Combating heresy   Core values: education    and preaching   Inquisitions   Francisca...
Papacy: A Religious Monarchy   Leo XI   Gregory VII (Hildebrand):    Papal Supremacy   Henry IV: Investiture    Controv...
Innocent III: Height of the               Papacy   Political authority:    power over Kings   4th Lateran Council    (12...
Heretics: Cathars + Waldensians   Cathars: matter as evil   Waldensians: virtue of    poverty   Albigensian Crusade
The Crusades:      General Motivations + Causes   Holy land: free from    Muslims   Religious revivalism   Difficulty o...
The      1st   Crusade (1096-1099)   Pope Urban II: Council of    Clermont (1095)   Practical + spiritual appeals   Pet...
The     2nd   Crusade (1147-1149)   Muslims reunify: loss    of Edessa   St. Bernard: call for    reconquest   Saladin:...
The    3rd     Crusade (1189-1192)   3 Kings lead    armies   Capture of Acre    (1191)   Saladin +    Richard: treaty
The     4th   Crusade (1202-1204)   Pope Innocent III:    recapture Jerusalem   Attack on Zara   New goal:    Constanti...
The Final 4 Crusades   5th Crusade: Muslim    Egypt   6th Crusade: Frederick II    + power of negotiation   7th + 8th C...
Consequences of the Crusades   Christian-Muslim    interaction   Consolidation of power   Economic growth   Ideologica...
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Crusadesedited

  1. 1. Revival of the Church + The Crusades
  2. 2. Origins of Church Reforms (11th-13th C) Corruption: wealth + secular influence Church Revival: origin in monasteries Monastery of Cluny (910) + Cluniac reforms 3 central problems: Married priests, simony, + lay investiture
  3. 3. New Religious Orders: The Cisterians Origin + purpose Strict asceticism Agricultural innovations Carta Caritatis Bernard of Clairvaux
  4. 4. The Franciscan Order Friar vs. Monk St. Francis of Assisi Mystical visions Life of poverty Spreading the gospel + serving the poor Poor Clares Stigmata
  5. 5. The Dominican Order Dominic Combating heresy Core values: education and preaching Inquisitions Franciscans vs. Dominicans Orders of Papal control
  6. 6. Papacy: A Religious Monarchy Leo XI Gregory VII (Hildebrand): Papal Supremacy Henry IV: Investiture Controversy Concordat of Worms (1122) The Curia + Canon Law
  7. 7. Innocent III: Height of the Papacy Political authority: power over Kings 4th Lateran Council (1215) Crusades Boniface VIII + Unam Sanctam (1302): decline of papacy
  8. 8. Heretics: Cathars + Waldensians Cathars: matter as evil Waldensians: virtue of poverty Albigensian Crusade
  9. 9. The Crusades: General Motivations + Causes Holy land: free from Muslims Religious revivalism Difficulty of pilgrimage Seljuk Turks Great Schism (1054): Reuniting Eastern + Western churches
  10. 10. The 1st Crusade (1096-1099) Pope Urban II: Council of Clermont (1095) Practical + spiritual appeals Peter the Hermit: People’s Crusade Role of Emperor Alexius Defeat of the Muslims Orders of Knighthood: Templars + Hospitalers
  11. 11. The 2nd Crusade (1147-1149) Muslims reunify: loss of Edessa St. Bernard: call for reconquest Saladin: Recapture of Jerusalem
  12. 12. The 3rd Crusade (1189-1192) 3 Kings lead armies Capture of Acre (1191) Saladin + Richard: treaty
  13. 13. The 4th Crusade (1202-1204) Pope Innocent III: recapture Jerusalem Attack on Zara New goal: Constantinople Children’s Crusade
  14. 14. The Final 4 Crusades 5th Crusade: Muslim Egypt 6th Crusade: Frederick II + power of negotiation 7th + 8th Crusades: Failures of Louis IX Loss of Christian conquests
  15. 15. Consequences of the Crusades Christian-Muslim interaction Consolidation of power Economic growth Ideological shift: self- confidence Negative effects: Butchery + East-West: deterioration

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