12thc renewaledited

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12thc renewaledited

  1. 1. 12th C Renewal: State Power, Economic Expansion + The Rise of Universities
  2. 2. Agricultural Revolution <ul><li>3 major innovations: </li></ul><ul><li>Heavy Plow </li></ul><ul><li>Plow horse </li></ul><ul><li>Three-field crop rotations </li></ul><ul><li>Results: </li></ul><ul><li>Cooperation </li></ul><ul><li>More food </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Medieval Manor <ul><li>Organization of the Manor </li></ul><ul><li>Duties of serf = limited freedom </li></ul><ul><li>Protection </li></ul><ul><li>Importance of social order </li></ul><ul><li>Baby boom = Migrations </li></ul>
  4. 4. Urbanization + Growth of Cities <ul><li>Trade revival + expansion </li></ul><ul><li>Reintroduction of coins </li></ul><ul><li>Trade fairs </li></ul><ul><li>Merchant guilds </li></ul><ul><li>Medieval communes </li></ul><ul><li>Townsmen + kings: alliances </li></ul><ul><li>Threat of new social orders </li></ul>
  5. 5. Rise of the French Monarchy (1000-1300) <ul><li>Capetian Dynasty </li></ul><ul><li>Authority over lords </li></ul><ul><li>Powerful kings: </li></ul><ul><li>Philip II - baillis </li></ul><ul><li>Louis IX – control over nobles </li></ul><ul><li>Philip IV – increase of royal revenue </li></ul>
  6. 6. Rise of the English Monarchy <ul><li>William I the Conqueror </li></ul><ul><li>Battle of Hastings (1066) </li></ul><ul><li>Land policies </li></ul><ul><li>2. King Henry II </li></ul><ul><li>Legal Reforms: State prosecution + grand jury </li></ul>
  7. 7. Decline of the English Monarchy <ul><li>1. King John: Magna Carta </li></ul><ul><li>2. Edward I: English Parliament </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Holy Roman Empire: Fragmentation <ul><li>Pope + Emperor: struggle for power </li></ul><ul><li>Saxon Dynasty </li></ul><ul><li>(919-1024) : strong monarchy </li></ul><ul><li>Rebellion of Nobles </li></ul><ul><li>Monarchy shifts to Italy: Frederick I + II </li></ul>
  9. 9. 12 th Century Renaissance <ul><li>Love of learning </li></ul><ul><li>Rediscovery of Latin classics </li></ul><ul><li>Aristotle + Logic </li></ul><ul><li>Revival of law - Gratian </li></ul><ul><li>Literature: Courtly Love, Chrétien de Troyes </li></ul><ul><li>Architecture: Romanesque to Gothic </li></ul>
  10. 10. Scholasticism + The Rise of Universities <ul><li>Cathedral schools to universities </li></ul><ul><li>Nature of Universities </li></ul><ul><li>The Goliards </li></ul><ul><li>Scholasticism: Aristotle + Christianity </li></ul><ul><li>Peter Abelard: </li></ul><ul><li>Sic et Non </li></ul><ul><li>Reason + faith </li></ul><ul><li>Thomas Aquinas </li></ul>

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