In 1933, Adolf Hitler of the Nazi Party became the leader of Germany. Under the Nazis, Germany began to rearm and to pursue a new nationalist foreign policy. By 1937, Hitler also began demanding the cession of territories which had historically been part of Germany, like the Rhineland and Gdansk
Timeline (cont.) In September 1939, Germany invaded Poland in cooperation with the Soviet Union, and war in Europe followed. The French and British did not declare war at first, hoping they could persuade Hitler through appeasement, but Hitler did not respond. The United Kingdom and France declared war. During the winter of 1939–1940 there was little overt indication of hostilities since neither side was willing to engage the other directly. This period was called the Phoney War. In spring 1940, Germany captured Denmark and Norway, and in the early summer France and the Low Countries. Italy declared war in June 1940 and the Italian Army attacked France just before the surrender.
In June 1941, the extent of the war increased when Germany invaded the Soviet Union, bringing the Soviet Union into alliance with the United Kingdom. The German attack was initially highly successful, overrunning great tracts of Soviet territory, but began to stall by the winter.
In December 1941, however, the war expanded once more when Japan, already in its fifth year of war with China, launched near simultaneous attacks against the United States and British assets in Southeast Asia; four days later, Germany declared war on the United States. This brought the United States and Japan into the greater conflict and turned previously separate Asian and European wars into a single global one.
Timeline (cont.) In 1942, though Axis forces continued to make gains, the tide began to turn. Japan suffered its first major defeat against American forces in the Battle of Midway, where four of Japan's aircraft carriers were destroyed. German forces in Africa were being pushed back by Anglo-American forces, and Germany’s renewed summer offensive in the Soviet Union had ground to a halt. In 1943 Germany suffered devastating losses to the Soviets at Stalingrad, and then again at Kursk, the greatest tank battle in military history. Their forces were expelled from Africa, and Allied forces began driving northward up through Sicily and Italy. Italy was forced to sign the Italian Armistice in September 1943. The Japanese continued to lose ground as the American forces seized island after island in the Pacific Ocean.
In 1944, the course of the war was clearly becoming unfavourable for the Axis. Germany became boxed in as the Soviet offensive became a juggernaut in the east, pushing the Germans out of Russia and pressing into Poland and Romania; in the west, the Western Allies invaded mainland Europe, liberating France and the Low Countries and reaching Germany’s western borders. While Japan launched a successful major offensive in China, in the Pacific, their navy suffered continued heavy losses as American forces captured airfields within bombing range of Tokyo.
In 1945 the war ended. In Europe, a final German counter-attack in the west failed, while Soviet forces captured Berlin in May, forcing Germany to surrender. In Asia, American forces captured the Japanese islands of Iwo Jima and Okinawa while British forces in South East Asia managed to expel Japanese forces there. Initially unwilling to surrender, Japan finally capitulated after the Soviet Union invaded Manchukuo and the United States dropped atomic bombs on the mainland of Japan.
Adolf Hitler was leader of the Nazi party. He blamed Jews for the war and the problems afterwards. He tried to exterminate them but it didn’t work. When the war was about to end and he knew he was going to lose, he married his wife. Soon afterwards they committed suicide.
Born in 1883, Mussolini was active in the socialist party until they supported the allies in World War 1. He resigned in 1915, and when they entered the war, he joined the Italian Army. In 1922, King Victor Emmanuel III made Mussolini the head of the fascist party to prevent a revolt in Italy. On June 10th, 1940, He declared war on Britain and France, and four months later, invaded Greece. Defeats weakened his prestige, and facing an allied invasion, the King forced him to resign. He was imprisoned, but rescued by German air troops on September 12th, 1943. Italian Partisans captured him while trying to escape to Switzerland and on April 28th, he was shot.
Joseph Stalin, was born in Georgia on December 21 in 1879. He was the leader of the USSR during World War 2. He sided with the allies in trying to defeat Germany. He was one of the reasons that we dropped the bomb on Japan, to stop the spread of communism into the Far East. The bomb ended the war quickly and stopped all soviet gains. In 1948, he ordered the economic blockade of Berlin, starting the cold war, which would last until the mid-eighties, when the USSR dissolved.
Hitler would be number one. He was a horrible person, but there would be no WW II without him. Then there's Emp. Hirohito, ditto for the above. No WW II without him either. Then there are the people who fought against the two above mentioned bad guys: Churchill, Roosevelt and Stalin. Little did we know that Stalin was a bad guy also, he killed three times as many Russians as Hitler killed Jews, but they were his own people so no one really cares.
Millions of men came home with out a leg, an arm, or blind, or deaf, or mentally broken due to the things they had to live through in the trenches. Others had their lives cut short through the effects of poison gas, and injuries due to blast, with collapsed lungs.
Others came home whole in body, appearing normal, but with such serious nervous/mental conditions that they could not work, and were confined to mental hospitals for the rest of their lives.
The majority were able to resume their lives, but with various amounts of disability. Shell shock was also common.
"Yesterday, December 7, 1941 - a date which will live in infamy - The United States of America was suddenly and deliberately attacked by naval and air forces of the Empire of Japan...As Commander-in-Chief of the Army and Navy, I have directed that all measures be taken for our defense...With confidence in our armed forces - with the unbounded determination of our people - we will gain the inevitable triumph - so help us God." President F.D. Roosevelt’s speech - 8th December 1941