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Mexican American War

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  1. 1. The U.S. Mexican War By: Tierra Miller
  2. 2. The Beginning………. <ul><li>It all began in 1835, when North American settlers in Texas started the battle for independence from Mexico. </li></ul><ul><li>After six months of fighting, the Texan-Americans had won and declared the Republic of Texas. </li></ul><ul><li>Even though Mexico was defeated they would not formally recognize Texas as an independent republic. </li></ul><ul><li>The main cause of the war was the desire of land. Around this time it was in the early 1800s, and the U.S. was rapidly gaining territory. </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Beginning Continued <ul><li>By the mid-1800s, the U.S. government wanted even more land , including the areas of present-day Texas, New Mexico, and California. </li></ul><ul><li>During this time Mexico had owned these areas which the U.S. desired. </li></ul><ul><li>Another cause of war was the belief that God wanted the United States to control North America from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean. This belief called manifest destiny and many people believed in it. They didn’t care if Mexico or American Indians claimed it already. </li></ul>
  4. 4. What is the U.S. Mexican War <ul><li>The U.S. Mexican War is an event that took place because of the desire of land and a belief that a certain area should control a certain area. This is also the reason why this event took place. </li></ul><ul><li>The U.S. had already been taken over lots of territory and they were just adding to there land. Usually if the U.S. wanted a certain peace of land then they would often get it no matter if they had to get it the hard way or easy way. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Important people in the War <ul><li>General Santa Anna was a long-time ruler of Mexico. </li></ul><ul><li>He ruled with complete power as a dictator. </li></ul><ul><li>General Santa wanted Texas to obey him so he sent Mexican troops over a river called the Rio Grande. </li></ul><ul><li>He expected Texas to give in to his orders but instead this angered the settlers. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Important people of the War <ul><li>Zachary Taylor was the general of the U.S. troops. He was ordered by President James Polk to led 3500 troops to the Rio Grande. </li></ul><ul><li>He earned the nickname “ Old Rough and Ready” because he was willing to suffer the same hardship on the battlefield as the troops serving under him. </li></ul><ul><li>The general was a great general, in the Battle of Palo Alto in May of 1846 his troops, the U.S., suffered nine battle deaths compared to three-hundred twenty Mexican soldiers who perished. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Important people of the War <ul><li>At the time that the war was going on the president of the U.S. was James Polk. He really gave most of the orders and led us in the right direction. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Beginning of the War <ul><li>In November 1845, President Polk sent a representative, John Slidell, to negotiate a land settlement and avoid war with Mexico. He was suppose to offer $25 million to Mexico for California and New Mexico but the Mexicans had other plans. </li></ul><ul><li>Instead of meeting with Slidell the newly president of Mexico decided to refuse the meet. The Mexican government and its people felt that this was a battle they could win, so both sides prepared for war. </li></ul>
  9. 9. ……..Continued <ul><li>On May 8, Taylor led his army at Palo Alto, first full-scale battle of the war was fought. Nine U.S. soldiers were killed and another 43 were wounded. The Mexicans lost 200 lives and 125 men were killed. </li></ul><ul><li>The U.S. didn’t officially claim war on Mexico until May 13, 1846. Many of the U.S. citizens supported the war to gain territory. Not all people agreed with the war because they thought that the U.S. was misusing its power. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Middle of War <ul><li>Life in the war hard for the U.S. soldiers because most of them were in their late teens or early 20s. Most of them joined because they wanted to experience glory and advantage but instead they faced with hot marches, boredom, illness, injures, and death. </li></ul><ul><li>By September 1846 the U.S. army was advancing quickly and attacking from east to west. On the 20 th of September attacked the Monterrey but was held off for about 24 hours. Finally on the 24 th they surrendered the city of Monterrey. </li></ul>
  11. 11. ……Continued <ul><li>By February 1847, the U.S. army 500 mi from Mexico City in Buena Vista. At Buena Vista, they met troops under Santa Anna’s command, but after one bloody day of fighting the Mexicans retreated. 500 Mexicans died and about 750 U.S. soldiers were killed, wounded, or missing. </li></ul><ul><li>In March of 1847, navy ships carried army General Winfield Scott and 14,000 soldiers to the seaside city of Veracruz, Mexico. Scott hoped to get the war over before the yellow fever season hit so it wouldn’t be a problem for his troops. The U.S. believed they needed to capture Veracruz before attacking Mexico City. </li></ul><ul><li>By September 10,1847 one of the world’s hardest battles was fought at a hill in Chapultepec. </li></ul>
  12. 12. War coming to an end <ul><li>In October 1847, Polk sent U.S. official Nicholas Trist to help General Winfield Scott arrange a treaty with Mexico. On February 2, 1848 Pena, Scott, and Trist signed a agreement in the town of Guadalupe Hidalgo. In the of Guadalupe Hidalgo, the United Sates paid $15 million for land to help Mexico rebuild itself. </li></ul><ul><li>By August the U.S. had withdrawn from Mexico. The treaty gave the United States California and New Mexico but the land made up to be what is now Nevada, Utah, parts of Arizona, Wyoming, and Colorado. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Primary Source <ul><li>This is the treaty document of Guadalupe, Hidalgo. It ended the war between the U.S. and the Mexicans and it also stated that the U.S. had to pay for damages in Mexico, but the U.S. won the territory. </li></ul>
  14. 14. U.S. Mexican War Maps <ul><li>This is a map of where the fighting took place. It shows where and who was fighting in a certain area. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Bibliography <ul><li>http://images.google.com/images?gbv=2&svnum=10&hl=en&q=u.s.+mexican+war+maps&btnG=Search+Images </li></ul><ul><li>Bronwyn Mills, U.S.- Mexican War, 973.6 Mills </li></ul><ul><li>Susan E. Haberle, The Mexican War 1846-1848, Let Freedom Ring </li></ul>