The holocaust was the murder of 6 million Jews and millions of others by the Nazis and their collaborators during World War II. Mass killings began in June of 1941with the shootings of Jewish capitalizations during the German invasion of the Soviet Union. At the end of 1941, the Germans began deporting Jews to extermination camps in Poland. By May 1945, about two out of every three Jews in Europe had been murdered. It was ran by Adolf Hitler.
On January 30, 1933, the Nazis organized a mass torch light parade in Berlin to celebrate the appointment of Adolf Hitler as Chancellor (prime minister) of Germany.
The Nazis set up the First concentration camp at Dachau. The first inmates are 200 communists.
Jews are prohibited from working as civil servants, doctors in the National Health Service, and teachers in public schools. Most Jews were banned from public high schools and some universities.
Trade unions are closed
Books with ideas considered dangerous to Nazi beliefs are burned in public.
Born April 20, 1889
A German Politian who became leader of the National Socialist German Party (Nazi party) in 1993
He led the Germans in their mass killings of the Jews.
Appointed Chancellor of Germany in 1933
In office August 2, 1934 - April 30, 1945
Died April 30, 1945
Dachau Concentration Camp
1934 - 1935
Hitler combines the positions of chancellor and president to become “Fuhrer” (leader of Germany).
Jew are deprived their citizenship and other basic rights.
The Nazis intensify the persecution of political dissidents and others considered “Gypsies,” Jehovah’s witnesses, and homosexuals. Many are sent to concentration camp.
1936 - 1938
Nazis boycott Jewish-owned businesses.
The Olympic Games are held in Germany; signs barring Jews are removed until the event is over.
In 1938, German troops annexed Austria.
On Kristallnacht, “The Night of Broken Glass,” Nazis terrorize Jews throughout Germany and Austria- 30,000 Jews are arrested and 91 killed. Thousands of shops and businesses were looted and synagogues were set of fire.
All Jewish children are expelled from schools in Germany and Austria.
Nazis take control over Jewish-owned businesses.
Germany takes over Czechoslovakia and invades Poland.
World War II began as Britain and France declare war on Germany.
Hitler orders the systematic order of the mentally and physically disordered in Germany and Austria.
Jews are required to wear armbands or yellow stars.
Nazis began deporting Jews to Poland
Nazi begin the first mass murder of Jews in Poland.
Jews are forced in to ghettos
Germany conquers nations in Western Europe including: Denmark, Norway, Belgium, Luxembourg, and France.
Germany attacks the Soviet Union.
Mobile killing units shot 33,771 Ukrainian Jews at Babi Yar. It was the largest single killing massacre of the Holocaust.
The death camp in Chelmno in Poland begins killing Jews.
Germany declares war on the United States immediately after the bombing of Pearl Harbor.
Chelmno Death Camp
Five death camps begin operation in Poland: Majdanek, Sobibor, Treblinka, Belzec, and Auschwitz-Birkenau.
Ghettos in Eastern Europe are being emptied as thousands of Jews are shipped to death camps.
About 80 to 85 percent of the Jews who would die in the holocaust have already been murdered.
Jews in the Warsaw ghettos resist as the Nazis begin new rounds of deportations.
1944 - 1945
In 1944 Hitler takes over Hungary and begins deporting 12,000 Hungarian Jews each day to Auschwitz where they are murdered.
In 1945 Hitler is defeated and World War II ends in Europe.
The holocaust over and death camps are emptied.
An International Military Tribunal is created by Britain, France, the United States, and the Soviet Union. The Nazi leaders are tried for war crimes against humanity in Nuremberg.
The United Nations establishes a Jewish homeland in British-controlled Palestine which becomes the state of Israel in 1948.
This map shows the areas affected by the holocaust. It shows where the capital city is and the locations of concentration and extermination camps.
The Diary of Anne Frank is a diary that belonged to a young girl named Anne Frank. In the diary, Anne tells of her life during the holocaust. The diary made her famous.
“ Despite everything, I believe that people are really good at heart.”
“ I don’t think of all the misery but of the beauty that still remains.”
Born June 12, 1929
Is the best known victim of the Jewish genocide known as the holocaust. She is known because of her diary that was found after the holocaust. Her diary became a living history.
Died in March of 1945
Is famous for trying to save the Franks in her home during the holocaust.
She was a former employee of Anne Frank’s father, Otto Frank. She and her husband kept his business going during their “disappearence” and supplied their needs. Giep is credited with preserving Anne Frank’s diary for her father after his return.