T A Mpres-Landy
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T A Mpres-Landy T A Mpres-Landy Presentation Transcript

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  • Tiananmen Square Massacre A Fight for Democracy 1989 By: Landy Sun Dec. 4, 2007 - Music: the official "theme song" of the June 4 Movement
    • The Tiananmen Square Massacre has many names including…
      • The Beijing Massacre
      • June Fourth Movement
      • Six-four
    • They all refer to a mass Chinese citizen movement in Tiananmen Square to promote democracy.
    Background
    • Tiananmen Square is in Beijing, the capital city of China. It’s located south of the Forbidden City.
    Background Tiananmen Square Forbidden City Beijing
    • China started as a monarchy , then it became communist country.
    • What next?
    • Well, the people hoped for a democracy . The current communist system had no freedom of speech, press, or voting. You also couldn’t open your own business.
    • The government had no plans in becoming a democracy, so the people decided to do something.
    Orgins
    • Deng Xiaoping had the most power as the Chairman of the Central Military Commission.
    • He made many industrial reforms, making China’s economy more capitalist.
    • However, he didn’t make any political reforms.
    Orgins- Deng Xiaoping 1904-1997 Deng Xiaoping
    • Hu Yaobang was the General Secretary China.
    • He made many political reforms and was favored by the people.
    • He was forced to resign in 1987 by Deng Xiaoping for being too liberal.
    • His death in April 15, 1989 began the June Fourth Movement.
    Orgins- Hu Yaobang 1915-1989 Hu Yaobang
  • Beginnings
    • The start of a mass gathering was on April 18, 1989, where 10-thousand came to mourn the death of Hu Yaobang.
    • By April 22, there were over 100,000 in Tiananmen Square.
    • At this time, it was mainly just to protest the bad views of Hu imposed by the government, but would grow to demand democracy.
    Hu Yaobang
    • On May 13, many students began stating their determination with hunger strikes.
    • Over 1,000 people participated with considerable support from the public, numbering later on to a million.
    • In all, the hunger strike lasted for a few weeks.
    • Also, during the hunger strike, Gorbachev, the Soviet Union’s leader, visited China.
    Hunger Strikes Scenes From the Hunger Strike
  • Goddess of Democracy
    • The Goddess of Democracy, standing 33 feet high, was set up on May 30, after only four days of building.
    • It was made by Beijing art university students to symbolize their commitment for the fight.
    Goddess of Democracy Statue next to Mao's portrait
  • The Massacre Begins
    • Zhao Ziyang had become General Secretary in place of Hu Yaobang, and was the one thing preventing the government from using military force.
    • Some time during the protests, however, he was dismissed from his position.
    • With Zhao gone, the use of force was officially permitted on May 20, but the army was blocked by the protestors.
  • The Massacre
    • On June 3, the government had sent around 200,000 troops to surround Beijing.
    • Civilians blockaded the streets with buses and barricades.
    • The army managed to break through on June 4, using armed vehicles.
      • Tanks ran over the tents and even the people.
      • Soldiers shot into the crowds.
  • “The Tank Man”
    • On June 5, a man carrying two bags and wearing a plain white shirt stood in front of a line of tanks to stop their advance into the city.
    • He’s also been called the “Unknown Rebel” for his unknown identity.
    • Reports have said that he was captured and executed, but nobody knows for sure.
    • He has become a symbol of the revolution
    Top: the line of tanks Bottom: "Tank Man" up close
  • Aftermath- Media
    • The government tried to hide the event from the media and the world by banning all independent media. This prevented detailed reports on the event.
    • Still, the news reached the world and there were reportedly somewhere around 300 to 4,000 deaths, with thousands more injured and even more arrested.
  • Aftermath
    • The protests did not have any effects on China’s government, but it did have an impact others.
      • It symbolized that the Chinese people were willing to fight for democracy, although the Chinese government would do anything to prevent that.
      • The movement led to the downfall of communism in Russia.
        • That downfall helped lead to the end of the Cold War.
  • Aftermath
    • Still, the government denies responsibility and states that no one died.
    • It has erased all evidence possible within China, even internet sites.
    • If anyone in China speaks about it, they risk being arrested and even executed.
  • Timeline 1987 - Hu Yaobang forced to resign April 15- Hu Yaobang dies April 18- 10,000 people at Tiananmen mourn Hu’s death. 1987 1989 April 22- Over 100,000 are at the square May 13- students begin hunger strike May 15- Gorbachev visits China in Beijing May 20- Martial law is declared by the government, but troops are blocked by protestors. May 30- The Goddess of Democracy finished. May 27- Goddess of Democracy started. June 3- Military starts to advance with armored vehicles and soldiers. June 4- Military enters Tiananmen Square and opens fire. Massacre starts June 5- “Tank Man” steps in front of tanks.
    • "Tiananmen Square Protests of 1989." Wikipedia . 8 Nov. 2007. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 8 Nov. 2007 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tiananmen_Square_protests_of_1989v
    • Carter, Alden R. China Past- China Future . New York: Franklin Watts, 1994.
    • Tian, Duan. Personal interview. 18 Nov. 2007.
    • &quot;1989: Massacre in Tiananmen Square.&quot; Bbc.Co.Uk . BBC News. 18 Nov. 2007 <http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/june/4/newsid_2496000/2496277.stm>.
    • &quot;Tiananmen, April-June 1989.&quot; Christus Rex Et Redemptor Mundi . 4 June 1999. Christus Rex, Inc. 18 Nov. 2007 <http://www.christusrex.org/www1/sdc/tiananmen.html>.
    Bibliography