In 1961, South Vietnam signed a military and economic aid treaty with the United States leading to the arrival (1961) of U.S. support troops
May 1961 - President Kennedy sends 400 American Green Beret 'Special Advisors' to South Vietnam
1962 the U.S. Military Assistance Command. Mounting with the uneffective and break of Diem's government culminated
1963 a group of south Vietnamese generals had Diem assassinated.
Johnson had replaced John F. Kennedy after he was assassinated in Dallas, Texas in 1963.
Continuous of time
1964 - Opinion polls indicate 85 percent of Americans support President Johnson's bombing decision.
The U.S. Seventh was sent to Vietnam.
North Vietnamese patrol boats had attacked two U.S. destroyers in the gulf of Tonkin.
1965 more than 185,000 were in vietnamfighting.
The French had ruled Vietnam as an overseas colony since the mid-nineteenth century.
the U.S. Military Assistance and Advisory Group Military (MAAG) arrived to screen French requests for aid
The Communist Vietminh opened the conflict by driving the French out of North Vietnam.
Viet Cong guerrillas attack the U.S. military compound at Pleiku in the Central Highlands, killing eight Americans, wounding 126 and destroying ten aircraft.
Vietnam was partitioned into northern and southern sections, with a U.S.-supported government in the south and a communist republic in the north.
The National Liberation Front was formed in the northern Communist
Party, trying to reunify the country.
President Harry S. Truman orders U.S. ground troops into Korea following Communist North Korea's invasion of the South.
United States military involvement in Vietnam begins as President Harry Truman authorizes $15 million in military aid to the French.
French supply lines to Hoa Binh along the Black River are cut. The road along Route Coloniale 6 is also cut.
Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson visits President Diem in South Vietnam and hails the embattled leader as the 'Winston Churchill of Asia.‘
Johnson decides against retaliation. Instead, he sends a diplomatic message to Hanoi warning of "grave consequences" from any further attacks.
President Johnson is nominated at the Democratic National Convention.
President Johnson assembles his top aides at the White House to ponder the future course of action in Vietnam
Pham Van Dong
When the country was divided in 1954, Dong became foreign minister of North Vietnam and prime minister.
After the fall of South Vietnam, he continued as prime minister of the united country until his retirement in December 1986.
Ho Chi Minh
Ho Chi Minh was a president of North Vietnam.
He was born in 1890 in Vietnam, and died in 1969.
He lived in the U.S. and London during World War I. Near the end of the war he moved to France where he founded the French Communist Party.
Ho Chi Minh made a party called The Communist Party of Indochina.
he arranged a freedom movement called Vietminh and was successful with his plans. Later Ho Chi Minh was working on trying to reunite South and North Vietnam. So he attacked South Vietnam.
Nguyen Van Thieu
Nguyen Van Thieu was the President of South Vietnam from 1967 to 1975 .
He at first joined Vietminh, but later joined the South Vietnamese National Army .
he became a division commander. He helped lead a takeover, bringing about the downfall of the President.
State Department White Paper On Vietnam February 27, 1965
South Vietnam is fighting for its life against a brutal campaign of terror and armed attack inspired, directed, supplied, and controlled by the Communist regime in Hanoi.
The war in Vietnam is a new kind of war, a fact as yet poorly understood in most parts of the world. Much of the confusion that prevails in the thinking of many people, and even governments, stems from this basic misunderstanding.
Over 1.4 million military personnel were killed in the war, approximately 6% were members of the United States armed forces.
The U.S. and their allies deployed large numbers of troops to South Vietnam
Civilian fatalities range from 2 to 5.1 million.
The American intervention in Vietnam
Six months later the 'Rolling Thunder' air campaign began. In this campaign alone more bombs were dropped on North Vietnam alone than were used in the whole of the Second World War.
On the night of 31st January 1968, 70,000 North Vietnamese soldiers launched the Tet offensive - it proved to be one of the greatest campaigns in military history.