The Pacific War started when the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor on December 7 th 1941. This was when the Japanese aircraft ambushed Pearl Harbor Naval Base in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. This is what entered the United States in the Pacific War and the War in Europe. President Roosevelt said this was a day that would lie in Infamy.
The Pacific War was between the Japanese and the United States. The war took place in the islands of the pacific. Some of the islands were Sumatra, Iwo Jima, Guam, and the Philippines. The war started on December 7 th 1941 and ended on August 4 th 1945. During the war nearly eighty-five people died in the entire World War and thirty-two of them were in the Pacific.
General Douglas MacArthur lived his entire life in the army. When he was a child he lived with his father in New Mexico at a army base. Macarthur served in both War Worlds. On September 2 nd , he presided over the Japanese surrender on board of the U.S.S Missouri which ended the Pacific War
Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto was born on April 4 th , 1884, in Japan. In 1919, Yamamoto left Japan to go to Harvard University. After graduating he was appointed a naval attaché to the embassy in Washington, DC. In 1941, he was named Commander and Chief of the Japanese Army. On December 7 th 1941, Yamamoto’s plan for attacking Pearl Harbor took place. After the attack Yamamoto said he had woke up a sleeping giant which is was filled with vengeance.
After graduating Admiral Chester Nimitz joined the USS Ohio in San Francisco. In December 1941 he was designated as Commander in Chief of the Pacific fleet and Pacific Ocean areas were he served the entire war. He also was at the USS Missouri when the Japanese surrendered.
The Battle of Iwo Jima was one of the major battles in the Pacific War. On the island the Japanese had three airstrips for Kamikaze fighters, so with the capture of this island the fighters would have to fly farther. Also the capture of this island would be a military base half way to Japan. On the attack the U.S. had underestimated the Japanese forces by 70%. On March the 24 th the island was cleared secure by the marines.
On December 7, 1941 the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor. This was one of the worst attacks in US history. Japanese Kamikaze Pilots would do suicide attacks by flying there airplanes into battleships. One of the battleships that sunk was the USS Arizona. It held over 1100 people on this battleship. In total 2403 people were killed and 1178 people were wounded.
The Battle of Midway started on June 3 rd and ended on June 6 th . This battle would be known as the “Raid Over Tokyo”. The battle covered hundreds of trackless ocean and involved land and sea phases. The United States lost one carrier, one destroyer, 147 planes, and 307 men. Because of the Battle of Midway Japan lost the edge over the United States in the War of the Pacific. One Japanese officer said that the Failure of Midway campaign was the beginning of total failure.
The American Flag being raised on top of Mount. Suribachi