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Korean War

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  • 1. Korean War By: Kierra Ivy June 25, 1950-July 27, 1953
  • 2. What Is The Korean War?
    • The Korean War is when North Korea invaded South Korea.
    • This happened south of the 38 th parallel.
    • The U.S. aided South Korea.
    • China and the Soviet Union helped North Korea.
    • Another name for the war in South Korea is 6.25 war.
    • In North Korea another name would be Fatherland Liberation War.
  • 3. Causes
    • There were two different political governments in Korea.
    • During the elections for The Republic of Korea there were protests who feared that the elections would kill the chances for unification.
    • The North held their own elections.
    • The elections and the dividing of Korea.
  • 4. How It Started
    • North Korean leader, Kim II Sung, wanted to unite Korea by force.
    • The U.S. and the Soviet Union differences prevented the North and South to negotiate a unification treaty.
  • 5. Kim II Sung
    • Leader of North Korea.
    • Wanted to unite Korea by force.
    • Insisted on the war.
    • Thought that a peaceful reunification was impossible.
    • Sent his military across the 38 th parallel on June 25, 1950.
    • Attacked with many WWII Russian tanks.
    • Forces were stalled around Taegu and Pusan. The stalling is known as Pusan Perimeter.
    A Russian tank.
  • 6. Stalin
    • Tried to prevent war and then later agreed and started preparing the soldiers for war.
    • Gave the Chinese some air cover for crossing the bridge over the Yalu River.
    • Died in March 1953.
  • 7. President Syngman Rhee
    • Lead South Korea.
    • Wanted to unite Korea.
    • Forces were no match to the North.
  • 8. President Truman
    • Ordered America air and naval units into action by June 27, 1950.
    • Responded to the invasion by giving support to the French in Vietnam.
    • Agreed to the UN forces moving into North Korea, but thought doing this would bring Soviet Union or China into the war.
    • Stated that “the U.S. would take whatever steps are necessary to meet the military situation, weapons included.”
    • Was criticized for making a lot of mistakes such as sending troops to Korea without the approval of Congress.
    • Fired General Douglas MacArthur for insubordination.
  • 9. General Douglas MacArthur
    • Commander of the U.S. forces in the Pacific.
    • Wanted to cross the 38 th parallel.
    • Was fired by President Truman for insubordination because he wanted to bomb bases in China.
  • 10. Lasting Effects
    • Approximately 10 million people were killed during the war.
    • North Korea lose.
    • The population went up in both North and South Korea.
    • South Korea has become one of the world’s economic success stories.
  • 11. Primary Source
    • A letter about General MacArthur being fired.
    • It describes why he was being fired.
  • 12. Map
  • 13. Timeline
    • 1947
      • Two different political governments emerged in Korea
      • Soviet leaders believed Korea would unify together and refused to sign a treaty with Kim II Sung
    • 1948
      • South Korea held its first general election
      • The Republic of Korea was established and was known as the government of Korea
      • Communist countries recognized the DPKR as the government of North Korea
      • Korea becomes permanently divided along the 38 th parallel
    • 1949
      • Stalin tries to prevent war and then later start preparing soldiers for war
    • 1950
      • War starts
      • Communists forces captured Seoul, South Korea’s capital
      • President Truman ordered America air and naval units into action.
      • Soviet Union joins the war against Kim’s invasion.
  • 14. Timeline Continued
      • B-26 Bomber aircraft struck against North’s airfield
      • China massed four armies and three artillery divisions on the Yalu River
      • Russians shot down 23 U.S. aircraft.
      • The Battle of Chongchon
    • 1951
      • Front lines stabilized near where war started
      • Chinese enters war and attack Americans
      • Americans landed more troops and drove the Chinese back
    • 1953
      • Dwight Eisenhower becomes American president
      • Americans threatened to use Atomic bomb if China didn’t stop fighting
      • An armistice was signed on July 27 (South Korea did not sign the armistice)
      • War ended with the help of the new President, Eisenhower.
  • 15. The Atomic Bomb A picture of an atomic bomb like the one the Americans threatened to use if China didn’t stop fighting.
  • 16. Bibliography
    • &quot;Learn Korean Language.&quot; Facts About the Korean War . 24 Apr. 2008 <http://www.learnkoreanlanguage.com/facts-about-the-korean-war.html>.
    • &quot;Korean War.&quot; Naval Historical Center . 1 May 2008 <http://www.history.navy.mil/photos/events/kowar/kowar.htm>.
    • &quot;KoreanWar.Com.&quot; Welcome to KoreanWar.Com . 1 May 2008 <http://www.koreanwar.com/>.
    • Bajanov, Dr. Evgueni. &quot;The Origins of the Korean War.&quot; Alternative Insight . June 2000. 6 May 2008 <http://www.alternativeinsight.com/Korean_War.html>.
    • Smitha, Frank E. &quot;The Korean War.&quot; Macrohistory and World Report . 2001. 6 May 2008 http://www.fsmitha.com/h2/ch24kor.html>.

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