TIMELINE <ul><li>1933- The Nazi party takes power in Germany. Adolf Hitler becomes prime minister of Germany. Trade Unions are closed and books with ideas considered dangerous to Nazi beliefs are burned in public. </li></ul><ul><li>1934- Hitler combines the positions of chancellor and president to become "Fuhrer" or leader of Germany. </li></ul><ul><li>1935- Basic rights and citizenship are taken away from the Jewish people. Many Gypsies, Jehovah’s Witnesses and homosexuals were sent to concentration camps. </li></ul><ul><li>1936- Nazis boycott Jewish-owned businesses. Olympic Games are held in Germany, signs that deal with the Jews are removed until the event is over. </li></ul><ul><li>1938- German troops annexed Austria. Nazis terrorize Jews throughout Germany and Austria- 30,000 Jews are arrested, 91 are killed. </li></ul><ul><li>1939- Germany takes over Czechosolvakia and invades Poland. World War II begins as Britain and France declare war on Germany. Hitler orders the systematic murder of the mentally and physically disabled in Germany and Austria. Jews are required to wear armbands or yellow stars. </li></ul><ul><li>1940 - Nazis begin deporting German Jews to Poland. Jews are forced into ghettos. Nazis begin the first mass murder of Jews in Poland. </li></ul><ul><li>1941 - Germany attacks the Soviet Union. In two days, mobile killing units shoot 33,771 Ukrainian Jews at BabiYar. The death camp at Chelmno in Poland begins murdering Jews. </li></ul>
TIMELINE <ul><li>1942- </li></ul><ul><li>Jan 20, 1942 - Wannsee Conference to coordinate the "Final Solution." </li></ul><ul><li>Jan 31, 1942 - SS Einsatzgruppe A reports a tally of 229,052 Jews killed. </li></ul><ul><li>In March - In occupied Poland, Belzec extermination camp becomes operational. The </li></ul><ul><li>camp is fitted with permanent gas chambers using carbon monoxide piped in from </li></ul><ul><li>engines placed outside the chamber, but will later substitute Zyklon-B. </li></ul><ul><li>March 17, 1942 - The deportation of Jews from Lublin to Belzec. </li></ul><ul><li>March 24, 1942 - The start of deportation of Slovak Jews to Auschwitz. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1943 - The number of Jews killed by SS Einsatzgruppen passes one million. Nazis then use special units of slave laborers to dig up and burn the bodies to remove all traces. </li></ul><ul><li>Jan 18, 1943 - First resistance by Jews in the Warsaw Ghetto. </li></ul><ul><li>Jan 29, 1943 - Nazis order all Gypsies arrested and sent to extermination camps. </li></ul><ul><li>Jan 30, 1943 - Ernst Kaltenbrunner succeeds Heydrich as head of RSHA. </li></ul><ul><li>In Feb - The Romanian government proposes to the Allies the transfer of 70,000 Jews to Palestine, but receives no response from Britain or the U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>In Feb - Greek Jews are ordered into ghettos. </li></ul><ul><li>Feb 2, 1943 - Germans surrender at Stalingrad in the first big defeat of Hitler's armies. </li></ul><ul><li>Feb 27, 1943 - Jews working in Berlin armaments industry are sent to Auschwitz. </li></ul>
TIMELINE <ul><li>April 15, 1945 - Approximately 40,000 prisoners freed at Bergen-Belsen by the British, who report "both inside and outside the huts was a carpet of dead bodies, human excreta, rags and filth." </li></ul><ul><li>April 23, 1945 - Berlin reached by Soviet troops. </li></ul><ul><li>April 29, 1945 - U.S. 7th Army liberates Dachau. </li></ul><ul><li>April 30, 1945 - Hitler commits suicide in his Berlin bunker. </li></ul><ul><li>April 30, 1945 - Americans free 33,000 inmates from concentration camps. </li></ul><ul><li>May 2, 1945 - Theresienstadt taken over by the Red Cross. </li></ul>1961- April 11 - August 14 - Eichmann on trial in Jerusalem for crimes against the Jewish people, crimes against humanity and war crimes. Found guilty and hanged at Ramleh on May 31, 1962. A fellow Nazi reported Eichmann once said "he would leap laughing into the grave because the feeling that he had five million people on his conscience would be for him a source of extraordinary satisfaction."
<ul><li>The Holocaust was the mass murder of the Jews. </li></ul><ul><li>The Holocaust was one of the most horrific events of the 20 th century. </li></ul>What is the Holocaust?? <ul><li>“ The Holocaust is generally regarded </li></ul><ul><li>as the systematic slaughter of not only 6 million Jews, (two-thirds of the total European Jewish population), the primary victims, but also 5 million others, approximately 11 million individuals wiped off the Earth by the Nazi regime and its collaborators. “ </li></ul>
Why did the Holocaust happen? <ul><li>There was really no reason for the Holocaust to happen. It happened because of racism towards Jews. </li></ul><ul><li>The Holocaust happened because the Nazis hated the Jews so much and they thought they were better than the Jews. </li></ul>Jewish Symbol
Adolf Hitler Adolf Hitler was born on 20th April, 1889, in the small Austrian town of Braunau near the German border. Both Hitler's parents had come from poor peasant families. Adolf Hitler was the leader of the killing of 6 million Jews. The Jews were killed in various ways. They were either worked to death, killed in gas camps, or killed by other cruelties. Then their remains were used for various items such as soap, lamp shades, ect. They would take the gold teeth out of people after they were gassed. There was a vault found with 384 pounds of gold teeth. Adolf Hitler died on April 30, 1945, in Berlin, Germany.
Anne Frank Anne Frank was born in Frankfurt am Maine, Germany on June 12, 1929. Her older sister, Margot was three years older than her. In 1933 Anne, Margot, her father (Otto Frank) and her mother (Edith Frank) moved to Amsterdam. Anne Frank and her family were Jewish. Anne died in Bergen-Belsen concentration camp of typhus and so did her sister Margot. Her mother died of starvation and her father was the only one (out of that family) who survived. Anne is remembered in many ways, her father found her diary and has written many books about. This is how Anne is remembered today.
Chiune Sugihara Chiune Sugihara was a Japanese Consul-General in Kaunas, Lithuania, he issued thousands of visas to Jews fleeing Poland in defiance of orders from his foreign ministry. The last diplomat to leave Kaunas, Sugihara continued stamping visas from the open window of his departing train.
Where the Holocaust happened. The Holocaust happened in Germany and other countries that the Nazis were in control of.
<ul><li>The Holocaust began in late 1938 and ended in 1945, during World War II. </li></ul>When did it take place?
<ul><li>Speech by Adolf Hitler, January 31, 1939. </li></ul><ul><li>Trials of War Criminals Before the Nuremberg Military Tribunals - Washington, U.S. Govt. Print. Off., 1949-1953, Vol XIII, p. 131: </li></ul><ul><li>“ Today I will once more be a prophet: If the international Jewish financiers in and outside Europe should succeed in plunging the nations once more into a world war, then the result will not be the bolshevization of the earth, and thus the victory of Jewry, but the annihilation of the Jewish race in Europe!” </li></ul>
<ul><li>Roth, John K./ Berenbaum, Michael </li></ul><ul><li>Continuum Intl Pub Group </li></ul><ul><li>November 1, 1989 </li></ul><ul><li>Wood, Angela Gluck </li></ul><ul><li>The Holocaust </li></ul><ul><li>DK Pub </li></ul><ul><li>July 1, 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>http://library.thinkquest.org/12663/ </li></ul><ul><li>The Holocaust a Tragic Legacy </li></ul><ul><li>Wiesel, Elie </li></ul><ul><li>December 2, 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>Taitz, Emily </li></ul><ul><li> Holocaust Survivors </li></ul><ul><li>Greenwood Pub Group </li></ul><ul><li> May, 30 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.historyplace.com/worldwar2/holocaust/timeline.html </li></ul><ul><li>The History place/ The Holocaust </li></ul><ul><li>Copy right 1997 </li></ul>5 Sources
<ul><li>“ The Holocaust began with Hitler's rise to power in January of 1933 and ended on VE Day (May 8, 1945). During this time, more than 6 million Jews and millions of other groups that caught the negative attention of Nazi Germany. While all the murders were devastating to native populations, none were so devastating than the Jews. During this period, 5,000 Jewish communities were wiped out and the total that died represented 1/3 of all Jewish people alive at that time.” </li></ul>How it began
A gas chamber is an apparatus for killing, consisting of a sealed chamber into which a poisonous or asphyxiant gas is introduced. The most commonly used poisonous agent is hydrogen cyanide; carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide have also been used. Gas chambers have also been used for animal euthanasia, using carbon dioxide as the lethal agent. Sometimes a box filled with anaesthetic gas is used to anaesthetize small animals for surgery or euthanasia. Gas Chambers