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Time Line 1933 January 30th Adolf Hitler becomes Chancellor of Germany. March 12th First Concentration Camp opened at Oranienburg outside Berlin. March 23rd Enabling Act gives Hitler dictatorial power. April 1st Nazi Boycott of Jewish owned shops. May 10th Nazis burn books in Germany. July 14th Nazi party declared only party in Germany. October 14th Germany quits the League of Nations. 1934 June 30th The "Night of Long Knives.“ July 25th Nazis murder Austrian Chancellor Dollfuss. August 2nd German President Hindenburg dies. August 19th Adolf Hitler becomes Fuhrer of Germany. 1935 March 16th Hitler violates Treaty of Versailles by introducing military conscription. September 15th German Jews stripped of rights by Nuremberg Race Laws. 1936 February 10th The German Gestapo is placed above the Law. March 7th German troops occupy the Rhineland. August 1st Olympic games begin in Berlin. 1937 June 11th Soviet leader Stalin begins a purge of Red Army Generals. November 5th Hitler reveals War plans during Hossbach Conference. 1938 March 12/13th Germany announces "Anschluss" (Union) with Austria. August 12th German military mobilises. September 30th British Prime Minister Chamberlain appeases Hitler at Munich. October 15th German troops occupy the Sudetenland; Czech Government resigns. November 9th The Night of Broken Glass.
1939 January 30th Hitler threatens Jews during Reichstag speech. March 15/16th Nazis take Czechoslovakia. March 28th Spanish Civil War ends. May 22nd Nazis sign "Pact of Steel" with Italy. August 23rd Nazis and Soviets sign Pact. August 25th Britain and Poland sign a mutual Assistance Treaty. August 31st British Fleet mobilises; Civilian evacuations begin from London. September 1st Nazis invade Poland. September3rd Britain, France, Austria and New Zealand declare War on Germany. September 4th British Royal Air Force attacks the German Navy. September 5th United States proclaims neutrality; German troops cross the Vistula River in Poland. September 10th Canada declares War on Germany; Battle of the Atlantic begins. Time Line September 17th Soviets invade Poland. September 27th Warsaw surrenders to Nazis; Reinhard Heydrich becomes leader of the new Reich Main Security office. September 29th Nazis and Soviets divide up Poland. In October Nazis begin euthanasia on sick and disabled in Germany. November 8th Assassination attempt on Hitler fails. November 30th Soviets attack Finland. December 14th Soviet Union expelled from the League of Nations
Adolf Hitler was born April 20, 1889 in a small town called Braunau Am Inn, Austria. His dad was Customs official, Alois Hitler. And his mom, Klara Hitler, was Alois’s third wife. Alois changed his name from Schick Gruber to Hitler in 1876, because he thought it would be easier for the people to say (Heil Schick Gruber- Heil Hitler).
Young Adolf attended church regularly, sang in the local choir and spent hours playing “cowboys and Indians”. He grew up with a bad name at school and left before completing his high school terms, because he wanted to be an artist or an architect.
During his lifetime, Hitler was very secretive about his background. He never give his father’s real occupation. He said he was a postal official. He didn’t like his relatives to come near him or visit.
Hitler’s mom died of cancer when he was nineteen. Hitler loved his mother so much. Her Jewish doctor said,” I have never witnessed a closer attachment.” Hitler carried a picture of her down to his last days in the bunker.
Hitler had few intrests in the world so World War I was a big welcome mat which gave him a purpose to live. Hitler went to Munich, Germany and when World War I began in 1914, he volunteered for service in the German army. Hitler was moved up in rank for bravery twice, but only rose to the rank of corporal. When World War I ended Hitler was in a hospital recovering from temporary blindness possibly caused by a poison gas attack.
The Treaty of Versailles that ended the war, stripped Germany of much of its territory, forced the country to disarm, and ordered Germany to pay huge reparations. When the army returned to Germany the country was bankrupt and millions of people were unemployed.
In 1920 Hitler became a Nazi. The Nazi party called for all Germans, including those of other countries. They wanted to unite into one nation. The Nazi’s also wanted to cancel they Treaty of Versailles. Hitler then became leader of the Nazi party and built up membership quickly (mostly because of his powerful speaking ability).
Adolf Hitler endorsed the fall of the Weimar Republic, and declared at a public rally on October 30, 1923 that he was prepared to march on Berlin to rid the government of the Communists and the Jews. Hitler then held a rally at a Munich beer hall, and proclaimed a revolution. The following day, he led 2,000 armed "brown-shirts" in an attempt to take over the Berlin government.
This was resisted and put down by the police, after more than a dozen were killed in the fighting. Hitler suffered a broken and dislocated arm in battle, was arrested, and was imprisoned at Landsberg. He received a five-year sentence. Hitler served nine months of his five year term.
In 1930, a worldwide depression hit Germany, and Hitler promised to get rid of Jews and Communists in Germany. Plus he promised to reunite the German speaking part of Europe. In July, 1932, the Nazis received about 40% of the vote and became the strongest party in Germany. On January 30,1933, President Paul von Hindenburg appointed Hitler Chancellor of Germany. Once in this position, Hitler moved quickly toward attaining a dictatorship. When von Hindenburg died in 1934, Hitler already had control of Germany.
Now with Hitler in power, war with the Jews was now a bit stronger. In April 1933, Jews were banished from government jobs, a quota was established banning Jews from university, and a boycott of Jewish shops was made. Everyday more and more Jews were harassed. Stores were destroyed, synagogues were burned, and twenty thousand Jews were arrested. The riots came to be known as Kristallnacht - the Night of Glass, for all the broken glass in the Stores owned by Jews.
All his life Adolf Hitler was known by an obsession with the Jews, and he had always been straightforward about his plans. His dream of a "pure" empire would tolerate no Jews, and he announced at many occasions the "annihilation of the Jews" living in the territory under his control.
Hitler’s very first political statement reads ".. we have no intention of being emotional anti-Semites who want to create the atmosphere of a pogrom. Instead, our hearts are filled with an inexorable determination to attack the evil at its roots and to extirpate it root and branch. In order to reach our goal every means will be justified, even if we have to make a pact with the devil."
Hitler was fully responsible for the mass executions in Poland in 1939 and 1940. He was also actively took place in setting up plans for a Jewish reservation in Poland. He was continually preoccupied with further deportations and deportation plans.
In Germany, concentration camps were set up after 1933 to hold the Jews, Communists, Gypsies, homosexuals, and others. During world war II extermination, or death, camps were established for the sole purpose of killing men, women, and children brutally.
In the most well known camps - Auschwitz, Treblinka, Sobibor and Majdanek in Poland, Buchenwald and Dachau in Germany,more than 6 million people, mostly Jews and Polish, were killed in gas chambers. Millions of others were also interned during the war, and a large proportion died of gross mistreatment, malnutrition, and disease.
In Dachau, one of the largest camps in Germany proper crematoria were constructed for disposing the corpses. There was also gas c hambers constructed at Dachau, however, there is no evidence to th is point that they were ever used for extermination. Possibly, the cre matoria were us ed for disposing of the corpses of those who perishe d from other causes. There were other execution devices at Dachau, such as a gallows many think prisoners were executed or disposed there.
With Germany lying in ruins after six devastating years at war, and with defeat approaching, the Nazi dictator decided to take his own life. But before doing so, he wanted to thank the one who'd remained completely loyal to him until the very end. Early on the morning on April 29, 1945, in a civil ceremony in his bunker, Hitler married his mistress of many years, Eva Braun.
The next day at a little after 3:30 p.m., they bit into thin glass vials of cyanide. As he did so, Hitler also shot himself in the head with a 7.65 mm Walther pistol.
The Hitlers were both sitting on a small sofa, Eva on the left, Adolf to her right. Eva's body slumped away from Adolf's. Hitler appeared to have shot himself in the right temple. The blood dripping from Adolf's head and chin had made a large stain on the right arm of the sofa and was making a puddle carpet. Eva had no visible physical wounds, they assumed she had poisoned herself also.
Adolf Hitler, murderer of millions, or known as master of destruction and organized insanity. Hitler was seized by an obsession with the Jews all his life. The Nazi Führer had always been straightforward about his plans - his dream of a racially "pure" empire would tolerate no Jews. He announced at many occasions the "annihilation of the Jews" living in the territory under his control.
Hitler’s Destruction of Jews
In Hitler's mind, murdering millions of Jews could only be accomplished under the confusion of war, from the beginning he was planning a war.
The European Jews were the primary victims of Adolf Hitler. In 1933 nine million Jews lived in the 21 countries of Europe that would be occupied by Germany during the war. By 1945 two out of every three European Jews had been killed.
This is the map of concentration camp locations. It was used my the Nazi party to move prisoners from camp to camp called death marches. Hundreds of Jews died in these death marches. Many Nazi’s were also killed by being trampled by the Jews or Communist.
The largest death marches took place in the winter of 1944-1945. About one in four Jews died on the way.
The Nazis often killed large groups of prisoners before, during, or after marches. During one march, 7,000 Jewish prisoners, were moved from camps in the Danzig region. On the ten-day march, 700 were murdered. Those still alive when the marchers reached the shores of the sea were driven into the water and shot.
"Adolf Hitler." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia . 3 Dec 2007, 11:30 UTC. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 3 Dec 2007 < http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title= Adolf_Hitler&oldid =175461528 >.
"Hitler's rise to power." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia . 2 Dec 2007, 03:37 UTC. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 3 Dec 2007 < http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hitler%27s_rise_to_power&oldid=175192490 >.
James, Giblin C. The Life and Death of Adolf Hitler . New York City: Clarion Books, 2002.
"The Rise of Hitler." The Historical Place . 1996. 3 Dec. 2007 < http://www.historyplace.com/worldwar2/riseofhitler/ >.