The Cubist art movement began in Paris around 1907 and 1908 by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque. The two of them were involved in centuries of traditional painting by rejecting the viewpoint. Instead Picasso and Braque used a three-dimensional subject that redefined different points of view for a short amount of time. It was “a new way of representing the world”. Cubism was divided into two separate phases.
Analytic took place between 1907-1912. The Synthetic phase took place between 1913-1920s. This phase used few or simple forms and much brighter colors. The overall idea was to show an object as the mind.
Pablo Picasso was born on October 25, 1881 in Malaga, Spain. His father was a magnificent art and drawing instructor. Picasso himself was a student of his father. He was accepted into the Barcelona School of Fine Arts. At the age of fourteen, he was allowed to skip the first two classes. He traveled to Paris on numerous occasions so many times that he finally moved there permanently. He befriended George Braque and Henri Matisse. He was most fond of the works created by Paul Cezanne. Along with Braque and Juan Gris, he developed the Cubist style.
George Braque was born in 1882, a year after Pablo Picasso, at Argentinuil. Braque studied with Dufy and Friesz and later studied with them in Paris. There he began painting in impressionist style. He then became interested in the Fauvist Circle of famous artist Matisse. His work was not described as the work of the Fauvist. He met Picasso in 1908. The two of them worked together to define a new pictoral language independent of any imitation of the external world.
Henri Matisse was born to a grain of merchants in France. Though he studied law, he attended art classes at Ecole des Beaux-Art. He discovered his own style of art by exerting bright, daring colors into his arts. He illustrated his best painting from 1905 to 1906, The Joy of Life.
Pablo Picasso illustrated the Gertrude Stein in 1906.
Goddess With Foliage
1942 Wilfredo Lam illustrated Goddess of Foliage.
Guitar and Still Life on a Gueridon
1922 George Braque illustrated Guitar and Still Life on a Gueridon.