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Learning Materials

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  • 1. Student: Jennifer Cockerill (07399150) DESIGNING ONLINE LEARNING Assignment One – Product and Theory (46103027) The Basic Rules of Football
  • 2. Student: Jennifer Cockerill (07399150)What is the Offside Rule?• *A player is in an offside position if: • he is nearer to his opponents goal line than both the ball and the second-last opponent *Offside Rule from The FA – http://www.thefa.com/football-rules- governance/laws/football-11-11/law- 11---offside.aspx• Basically, to be in an offside position the attacking player will be ahead of the last defender when the ball is passed from their team-mate.• To be onside, the attacking player must be in line or behind the defender(s) when the ball is passed.
  • 3. Student: Jennifer Cockerill (07399150)What is the Offside Rule?• Here is an example of the play being onside The attacking player is in line with (or ahead) the last defender(s), as the ball is passed from their team- mate. Press play to view example
  • 4. Student: Jennifer Cockerill (07399150)What is the Offside Rule?• Here is an example of the play being offside Here the attacking player is behind the last defender(s) as the ball is being passed from their team- mate. Press play to view example
  • 5. Student: Jennifer Cockerill (07399150)What is the Offside Rule?• In some cases, these are not the only examples of the ball being onside or offside • For example, if the ball is being passed back to their team-mate, (who is behind them) than this can not be classed as being offside. Therefore it is onside. The player that is receiving the ball can even be ahead of the last defender(s), as the ball is ahead of play.
  • 6. Student: Jennifer Cockerill (07399150)What is the Offside Rule?• Another example of play being onside is from a throw in. If a player throws the ball to their team-mate who may ahead of the last defender(s) will not be offside. This is because there is no offence from a throw in. Press play to view example
  • 7. Student: Jennifer Cockerill (07399150)What is the Offside Rule? • One of the defenders is behind the goal line, and the attacking player is behind the two defenders. This is offside, as the defender who is behind the goal line is technically out of play. Press play to view example
  • 8. Bookings• In football, you are able to tackle another member of the opposition.• However, your tackle must be clean. Meaning that you must only touch and/or have contact with the ball. And not the player.• The referee can give a player a warning, if they feel that the tackle was not worthy of a booking but the player should be aware that how they tackled that player was incorrect.
  • 9. Bookings• If a tackle has been worthy of a form of punishment, then there are two types of coloured cards to warn the player: Yellow Red• One yellow card means that the referee is cautioning you. The behaviour is not acceptance and the offence was worthy of being booked.
  • 10. Bookings• Once a player has been booked with a yellow card, they must be on their best behaviour for the remainder of the game.• Two yellow cards per player in one game = a red card. + =• A red card is given, when the player has ignored the referee’s warnings and/or they have acted aggressively or violent to another player/official/third party.
  • 11. Bookings• Finally, if a player’s actions were malicious or seriously aggressive. The referee can and will issue a straight red card to a player.• If this happens the player must leave the pitch immediately, and the team will be reduced to ten men.• A substitute cannot replace the player that has been sent off.
  • 12. Student: Jennifer Cockerill (07399150)What is a Penalty?• A penalty is decided by the referee, if a foul has been committed on an attacker by the defender in the defences’ 18 yard box. The 18 yard box is the only area of the pitch where the goalkeeper is allowed to handle the ball.• A foul is where the defender has tackled the player in the box, and caused them to miss a goal scoring opportunity.
  • 13. Student: Jennifer Cockerill (07399150)What is a Penalty?• A penalty is a direct kick towards the goal in the box. The aim from a penalty is to score a goal.• The penalty spot in 10 yards from the goal line.• Only the penalty taker, referee and goalkeeper can be in the box until the ball has been struck by the taker.
  • 14. Student: Jennifer Cockerill (07399150)What is a Free Kick?• A free kick is where a player has fouled a player from the opposition on the pitch.• The only area of the pitch where a free kick would not be given is in the penalty area, as this would incur a penalty.• The taker of the free kick can take a direct or indirect free kick. • Direct: the taker can shoot towards the opposition’s goal, and a goal will be awarded. • Indirect: the taker passes the ball to another member of their team, and for them to have a goal scoring opportunity.
  • 15. Student: Jennifer Cockerill (07399150)What is a Free Kick?• The opposition usually create a ‘wall’ to protect their goal.• The ‘wall’ must be 10 yards away from the ball, and can only move forward once the ball is kicked.• If one or more of the opposition moves forward before the free kick is taken, the referee can stop the play and indicate that the free kick is to be retaken.
  • 16. Student: Jennifer Cockerill (07399150)How many players are on one team?• Each team must have no more than eleven outfield players during every game, including a goalkeeper.• Each team is allowed to have from three to seven substitutes on the ‘sub bench’.• Only up to three substitutes are allowed to play, and they have to replace a player that is already on the pitch.
  • 17. Student: Jennifer Cockerill (07399150)How many players are on one team?• The referee must stop the play in order for the substitution(s) to be made.• A match official(s) must signal which the player is coming off, and what player is coming on the pitch by announcing their shirt numbers on an electronic board.
  • 18. Student: Jennifer Cockerill (07399150)How to take a valid penalty kick• If a foul has been committed on an attacking player in the opposition’s area or box then a penalty is given.• The attacking player/team then must place the ball on the penalty spot in the box, in order for it to be a valid penalty.
  • 19. Student: Jennifer Cockerill (07399150)How to take a valid penalty kick• Only three people are allowed in the box at the time of the penalty.• They are: • The chosen penalty taker/kicker • Goalkeeper • Referee
  • 20. How to take a valid penalty kick• Kicker must wait for referee’s whistle before taking the kick• The ball must be kicked forward• The ball cannot be touched by anyone other than the kicker• Once it is kicked, the ball is in play so the other players may then be allowed in the box
  • 21. Student: Jennifer Cockerill (07399150) END OF LEARNING Quiz to follow

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