Influences Howard Gardner Robert Sternberg David Kolb
Multiple Intelligences David Kolb’s Theory of Experiential Learning: Sternberg’s thoughts on Experiential Learning: “Because experience is arguably the most important source of learning for managers and leaders it makes sense to provide opportunities for individuals to capitalize on their experiences.” (Sternberg, 2002, p. 24). Gardner’s thoughts for multiple intelligences allow students to learn and teachers to teach in seven ways, rather than one. Image retrieved from: http://www.ifsociety.org/voxmagister/david_kolb.htm
Workforce Education Watchers: prefer to be shown the information and tend to learn best through demonstration. Readers: prefer written instruction and learn best when they are working alone to figure out the solution. Doers: prefer to learn in a hands-on-approach through “trial and error” and learn best when doing so. Sensors: prefer to learn by their intuitive senses and learn best when they can create their own meaning for the task. (Gray & Herr, 1998, p. 161)
Informal Learning “the spontaneous, unstructured learning that goes on daily in home and neighborhoods, in the workplace and through various mass media.” (as cited in Merriam, et al, 2007, p. 35) “Informal learning is the most prevalent form of adult learning.” (Merriam, et al, 2007)
Introduction to Research Employer Recommendations for Job Applicants The amount of time survey participants had been unemployed
“In the workplace, informal learning can account for at least “80% of the learning people do while performing their jobs.” (The Irish Learning Alliance, 2010).
Classroom Assessment Techniques (CAT) The Minute Paper What should each student do in preparation for their scheduled externship interview? What important details regarding preparation and the interview itself remain unanswered for you?
Program Development Interviews Résumés Applications Jobs Professionalism
Reflection Experiential Learning & Multiple Intelligences Modeling as an Effective Teacher Informal Learning Organizational Learning Research Technology
References Angelo, T. & Cross, K. P. (1993). Classroom Assessment Techniques: A Handbook for College Teachers, 2nd Edition. San Francisco, CA, Jossey-Bass Gray, K., & Herr, E. (1998). Workforce education: The basics. Boston: Allyn& Bacon Hedlund, J, Antonakis, J. & Sternberg, R. (2002, October) Tacit knowledge & practical intelligence: understanding the lessons of experience. Research & Advanced Concepts Office. Yale University Merriam, S. B., Caffarella, R. S. & Baumgartner, L.M. (2007) Learning in adulthood (3rd Ed.). San Francisco: Jossey Bass. Sternberg, R. (2004) Theory-based university admissions testing for a new millennium. Educational Psychologist, 39(3), 185-198. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.1207/s15326985ep3903_4 The Irish Learning Alliance (2010). What is informal learning? http://www.irishlearningalliance.net/research/informal-learning