Make sure you thoroughly understand your material.
Make sure your information is accurate.
During a speech, use note cards to record and cite your source.
Quote everything that comes directly from the source, especially when taking notes.
Paraphrase, but be sure you are not just rearranging or replacing a few words
Read over what you want to paraphrase carefully; cover up the text with your hand, or close the text so you can’t see any of it (so you aren’t tempted to use the text as a guide) then write out the idea in your own words without peeking.
Finally, check your paraphrase against the original text to be sure you have not accidentally used the same phrases or words, and that the information is accurate. http://www.indiana.edu/~wts/pamphlets/plagiarism.shtml
Avoiding Unacceptable Paraphrasing
Quoting : Using someone else’s exact words. To safely quote someone, you must cite from who, when, and where this quote was taken.
Example of quoting : According to Linda A. Johnson in The Battle Creek Enquirer, October 11, 2007 “A startling study finds that kids who regularly see doctors get the right care less than half the time...”
“ Using another person’s phrases or sentences without putting quotation marks around them is considered plagiarism EVEN IF THE WRITER CITES IN HER OWN TEXT THE SOURCE OF THE PHRASES OR SENTENCES SHE HAS QUOTED.” (sic) http://www.indiana.edu/~wts/pamphlets/plagiarism.shtml
Using Other’s Property
Common Knowledge : Facts that can be found in numerous places and are likely to be known by a lot of people. Using ‘common knowledge’ IS acceptable.
Example of common knowledge : John F. Kennedy was elected President of the United States in 1960 This is generally known information. You do not need to document this fact. http://www.indiana.edu/~wts/pamphlets/plagiarism.shtml
Interpretation of Facts: Using other’s information and interpreting or drawing conclusions based on that information.
Example of interpretation of facts : According the American Family Leave Coalition’s new book, Family Issues and Congress, President Bush’s relationship with Congress has hindered family leave legislation.
The idea that “Bush’s relationship with Congress has hindered family leave legislation” is not a fact but an interpretation ; consequently, you need to cite your source. http://www.indiana.edu/~wts/pamphlets/plagiarism.shtml
Using Other’s Property
One way to avoid plagiarism is reading something and putting it into your own words
Another way is to credit the author of what you read and not taking credit for it
Using quotations is another way of avoiding plagiarism
At the beginning of the first sentence in which you quote, paraphrase, or summarize, make it clear that what comes next is someone else's idea
If you are worried about being accused of plagiarism, your best defense is to…
Do your own work
Keep careful track of your sources and notes
Understand everything you have written
Finally, acknowledge those who contribute to your work
Avoiding Plagiarism (cont’d)
What Happens If You Plagiarize?
Most secondary schools are pretty strict about plagiarism. If you get caught you can:
You can fail the assignment
Fail the class
End up suspended or expelled
The offence will be placed on your permanent student record.
What Happens If You Plagiarize? (cont’d)
Colleges can also expel students for plagiarism
If you get kicked out of a college it is very hard to get into another college.
Plagiarism is a crime! it’s considered fraud
You can be fined or,
You can go to jail!
How parents can help their students avoid Plagiarism
Encourage students to learn to write reports in their own words.
Help the student comprehend the material, when a student does not understand the information, copying often results.
Give students help in resource writing from the earliest grades.
Buying and Checking for Plagiarism Students can buy papers online, some sources where they can get what they need cheaply and with a certain grade are… School sucks.com 12000 papers.com Planet Papers.com ------ Teachers can find out who is copying or using these sources. If it doesn’t sound like something the student would write, they can find out from sites like: Turnitin.com Plagiarism.org the Essay Verification Engine http://canexus.org/eve ------ REMINDER: Buying papers is ILLEGAL plagiarism
If the student usually isn’t great at writing and all of a sudden they have a perfect project it may need to be checked.
If the students work looks patchy and thrown together, it may need to be checked.
If the student is known for cheating and their work looks suspicious it may need to be checked.
There are also websites you can use as tools to see if the writing has already been published.
Tips for Teachers
Give writing assignments that capture students' attention. If they are interested, they'll be less likely to cheat.
Watch the students write and ask for handwritten notes and rough drafts.
Teach students to use the papers on the web as resources for their own papers.
Show students examples of the papers, both good and bad, & teach them the difference.
A Different way to look at plagiarism?
“ Ideas improve. The meaning of words participates in the improvement. Plagiarism is necessary. Progress implies it. It embraces an author’s phrase, makes use of his expressions, erases a false idea, and replaces it with the right idea.”
~Guy DeBord~ (French Social Reformer)
What is Plagiarism? Separated by Gender A. Copy and pasting someone’s information. B. Using someone’s information and ideas. C. Not Citing your sources. D. All the above. (Correct Answer)
Have you ever been unsure of whether you were plagiarizing?
Have you ever plagiarized?
WOULD YOU ALLOW SOMEONE TO PLAGIARIZE YOUR PAPER?
HAVE YOU COPIED SOMEONE ELSE’S PAPER? (BY GENDER)
If someone plagiarizes your work would you turn them in?
Do you believe that people should have negative consequences for plagiarizing things from other people?
Is there any circumstance in which it would be acceptable to plagiarize?
Would you take the risk of plagiarism on your permanent record?
You can get information about how to prevent plagiarism… from websites such as…
Where you can go for Info
What Should We Do About Plagiarism At Marshall Alternative… ?