GovernmentChapter 11 Notes
Congressional Power• Expressed Power -Granted to Congress specifically in the Constitution
• Implied Powers   Are granted by reasonable deduction from the expressed powers through the Elastic Clause
Strict ConstructionLeader- Thomas JeffersonGoal- limit the powers of the new National GovernmentView of National Power- na...
Liberal ConstructionistLeader- Alexander HamiltonGoals- to create an “energetic” new National GovernmentViews of National ...
Legislative Powers• Expressed Power  – Most are found in Article 1:    Section 8  – 18 separate clauses  – 27 different po...
Money Powers•Coin money and regulate it’svalue•Taxes•Borrow money (no limit)•bankruptcy
Commerce Powers     Regulate     interstate and     foreign commerce
Foreign Relations Powers        Act on Matters        affecting the security        of the nation
War Powers•Declare War•Raise, support, and         regulate anarmy•Pull out Troops
Other Expressed Powers     •Naturalization     •Postal Power     •Copyrights     •Weights and measures     •Eminent Domain...
Implied Powers• Article I Section 8 Clause 18Necessary and Proper Clause  – To make all Laws which shall be    necessary f...
The Expressed Money Power         Implies•Punish tax evaders•Regulate some commodities andoutlaw the use of others•Establi...
The expressed power to  regulate commerce implies•Establish minimum wage•Ban discrimination in workplaceand public facilit...
The expressed Foreign       Relations Powers• Patriot Act
The expressed War Powers            imply• Draft
Other expressed powers imply• Regulation of immigration• Prohibits mail fraud and obstruction of  the mail• Bars shipping ...
Nonlegislative Powers• Constitutional Amendments  –Article 5 gives Congress the   Power to propose   amendments through   ...
Electoral Duties• House decided Presidential  elections if there is no majority in  electoral votes• Senate decided VP ele...
Executive Powers• Appointment- all major  Presidential appointments, must  be confirmed by the Senate• Treaties- all must ...
Impeachment• House has sole power to  impeach- bring charges• Senate holds the impeachment  trial• 2/3 vote to convict• Pe...
Investigatory PowersReason Congress conducts  investigations:• Gather information• Oversee operation of executive  agencie...
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11 powers of congress

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11 powers of congress

  1. 1. GovernmentChapter 11 Notes
  2. 2. Congressional Power• Expressed Power -Granted to Congress specifically in the Constitution
  3. 3. • Implied Powers Are granted by reasonable deduction from the expressed powers through the Elastic Clause
  4. 4. Strict ConstructionLeader- Thomas JeffersonGoal- limit the powers of the new National GovernmentView of National Power- narrowView of Implied Powers-only those absolutely necessary to carrying out the expressed powers
  5. 5. Liberal ConstructionistLeader- Alexander HamiltonGoals- to create an “energetic” new National GovernmentViews of National Government- broadView of Implied Powers- should be interpreted broadly
  6. 6. Legislative Powers• Expressed Power – Most are found in Article 1: Section 8 – 18 separate clauses – 27 different powers explicitly given to Congress
  7. 7. Money Powers•Coin money and regulate it’svalue•Taxes•Borrow money (no limit)•bankruptcy
  8. 8. Commerce Powers Regulate interstate and foreign commerce
  9. 9. Foreign Relations Powers Act on Matters affecting the security of the nation
  10. 10. War Powers•Declare War•Raise, support, and regulate anarmy•Pull out Troops
  11. 11. Other Expressed Powers •Naturalization •Postal Power •Copyrights •Weights and measures •Eminent Domain •Establish Courts •Define crimes and set punishments •Acquire territories
  12. 12. Implied Powers• Article I Section 8 Clause 18Necessary and Proper Clause – To make all Laws which shall be necessary for carrying into Execution the foregoing Powers, and all other Powers vested by this Constitution in the Government of the United States, or any Department or Officer thereof. – Interpreted as convenient and useful – Upheld in McCulloch v. Maryland
  13. 13. The Expressed Money Power Implies•Punish tax evaders•Regulate some commodities andoutlaw the use of others•Establish the Federal ReserveSystem of banks•Requires States to qualify formoney
  14. 14. The expressed power to regulate commerce implies•Establish minimum wage•Ban discrimination in workplaceand public facilities•Pass laws protecting thedisabled•Regulate banking
  15. 15. The expressed Foreign Relations Powers• Patriot Act
  16. 16. The expressed War Powers imply• Draft
  17. 17. Other expressed powers imply• Regulation of immigration• Prohibits mail fraud and obstruction of the mail• Bars shipping of certain items
  18. 18. Nonlegislative Powers• Constitutional Amendments –Article 5 gives Congress the Power to propose amendments through • a 2/3 vote in both houses • National convention when requested by 2/3 of the States
  19. 19. Electoral Duties• House decided Presidential elections if there is no majority in electoral votes• Senate decided VP election if no majority in electoral votes• If the VP office is vacated, the Pres. nominates a new one upon confirmation by both houses.
  20. 20. Executive Powers• Appointment- all major Presidential appointments, must be confirmed by the Senate• Treaties- all must be approved by the Senate with a 2/3 vote
  21. 21. Impeachment• House has sole power to impeach- bring charges• Senate holds the impeachment trial• 2/3 vote to convict• Penalty if removal from office
  22. 22. Investigatory PowersReason Congress conducts investigations:• Gather information• Oversee operation of executive agencies• Focus public attention on an issue• Expose questionable activities• Promote interest of members of Congress
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