Review relative pronoun (1)

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Review relative pronoun (1)

  1. 1. “A friend is someone who knows all about you and still loves you.” Elbert Hubbard
  2. 2. Relative Pronoun who & whom which & that whose where of which
  3. 3. WHO - SUBJECT OF THE CLAUSE The woman who called you is here. The woman is here. She called you.
  4. 4. WHOM - OBJECT OF THE CLAUSE The woman (whom) you called is here. The woman is here. You called her. Option: You can omit the object pronoun.
  5. 5. THAT / WHICH - SUBJECT OF THE CLAUSE The phone that is red is here. The phone is here. It is red. The phone which is red is here. The phone is here. It is red. OPTION: "That" can also refer to a person; "which" cannot.
  6. 6. THAT/ WHICH - OBJECT OF THE CLAUSE The phone (that) you bought is here. The phone is here. You bought it. The phone (which) you bought is here. The phone is here. You bought it. Option: You can omit the object pronoun.
  7. 7. Common Mistakes ERRORS The telephone is here that is yours. The man which you are talking about isn't a friend.
  8. 8. FIXES The phone that is yours is here. The pronoun must be next to the word it modifies. The man that / whom you are talking about isn't a friend. "Which" cannot refer to a person. Use "that".
  9. 9. Omitting an Object Pronoun CANNOT OMIT - SUBJECT PRONOUN OF CLAUSE The woman who called you is here. (She called you.) The phone that is red is here. (It is red.) The phone which is red is here.
  10. 10. Omitting an Object Pronoun CAN OMIT - OBJECT PRONOUN OF CLAUSE The woman [whom] you called is here. (You called her.) The telephone [that] you bought is here. The telephone [which] you bought is here.
  11. 11. Relative pronoun ‘that’ which who, • This is the hardest problem that I have ever had to face. • This is the second car that broke down. everybody, everyone, anyone, anybody, someone, somebody, nobody, no one, all, none, any, some, little, much, few, everything, anything, something, nothing, only, very, it is • Everything that I do seems to be wrong. • This is the only example that I can give you.
  12. 12. Who The man who speaks well is my brother. = The man is my brother. He speaks well. Whom He is one of the men whom I feel I can trust. = He is the one of the men. I feel I can trust him. Whose He is the man whose word is as good as his action. = He is the man. His word is as good as his action.
  13. 13. That noun only all , any , The cleverest man that speaks well is my brother. = The cleverest man is my brother. He speaks well . All books that are mine are on the table. = All books are on the table. They are mine.
  14. 14. Which , The dog which was lost has been found. = The dog has been found. It was lost. The book (which) I read was very interesting. = The book was very interesting. I read it. The cat of which the fur is beautiful is in your house. = The cat is in your house. Its fur is beautiful.
  15. 15. Where London where John lives is on the Thames London is on the Thames. John lives in it . Which ( ) London which is an interesting city is on the Thames. London is on the Thames. It is an interesting city .
  16. 16. (whom) 1.The man ………………… you want to speak to has just left. (whom) 2.Your father ,…………… you look like , was a great friend of mine. who 3.The little boy …………….brings the milk hasn’t been for these days. that 4.Take nothing ………………… is not necessary.
  17. 17. whose 5.A doctor ……….... patients trust him has great responsibility. that 6.This is the hardest problem…………… I have ever had to face. that 7.These are all ……….. we have in stock at present. that 9.Any man ……........ listens to you is a fool. that 10.Any paper ………… you read will give the same story.
  18. 18. whom 11.Such a man……….. you like is not a good one. 12.That is not the same book which I read ………. yesterday. that 13.She is the prettiest girl ………. I have ever loved. 14.The teacher in the next class , whose name I can ……….. never remember , is very kind. (whom) 15. The girl ………….. you are talking about left here. (whom) 16.He is the man ………….. we think you mentioned.
  19. 19. Relative Pronouns Refer back to a noun or pronoun Mentioned before My sister who is from Chicago visited me last weekend. My sister, who is from Chicago, visited me last weekend.

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