Conflict,  Stress, and Coping Stress S tress and conflict are part of everyday life.  Those who can use stress as a motiva...
Frustration Anxiety Stress Conflict Click on a term for more information. EXIT
Some can be serious, as when airline flights are cancelled or talents or abilities don’t measure up to expectations.  Frus...
Conflict Conflict arises when a person needs to decide between two alternatives. Types of conflict:  Approach - Approach A...
Approach-Approach The person is attracted to two goals. The approach - approach conflict is not all bad. You have to decid...
Approach - Avoidance The person is attracted to one goal but it comes with a negative aspect. The approach - avoidance con...
Avoidance - Avoidance The person has to choose between them. The avoidance - avoidance conflict presents two undesirable g...
Double Approach - Avoidance The person has two goals, each has both good and bad characteristics. The double approach - av...
Anxiety Anxiety is a feeling of hopelessness, a feeling of fear or fright. It often follows feelings of frustration and co...
When stress is good and leads to something desirable such as studying for a big exam and then receiving a good grade on th...
Sequence of Steps in the Fight or Flight Behaviors 1.  The brain appraises a situation as threatening and dangerous. 2.  T...
The General Adaptation Syndrome Defined as a series of stages the body goes through when exposed to stressful situations. ...
Some Psychological Stressors for High School Students Life Event Stress Points Divorce of  parents 98 Expulsion from schoo...
Coping with Stress Issue of Control People deal better with stress if they have some degree of control in a stressful situ...
Regression Psychological Defense Mechanisms Psychological defense mechanisms are distortions (actions) that keep people ps...
Psychological Defense Mechanisms Psychological defense mechanisms are distortions (actions) that keep people psychological...
Psychological Defense Mechanisms Psychological defense mechanisms are distortions (actions) that keep people psychological...
Psychological Defense Mechanisms Psychological defense mechanisms are distortions (actions) that keep people psychological...
Psychological Defense Mechanisms Psychological defense mechanisms are distortions (actions) that keep people psychological...
Psychological Defense Mechanisms Psychological defense mechanisms are distortions (actions) that keep people psychological...
Psychological Defense Mechanisms Psychological defense mechanisms are distortions (actions) that keep people psychological...
Psychological Defense Mechanisms Psychological defense mechanisms are distortions (actions) that keep people psychological...
Psychological Defense Mechanisms Psychological defense mechanisms are distortions (actions) that keep people psychological...
Psychological Defense Mechanisms Psychological defense mechanisms are distortions (actions) that keep people psychological...
Psychological Defense Mechanisms Psychological defense mechanisms are distortions (actions) that keep people psychological...
Healthy Characteristics EXIT Take credit for successes and responsibility for failures. Learn from both.  Appreciate life....
Substance Abuse <ul><li>occurs when the use of drugs interferes with daily life . </li></ul><ul><li>occurs when the person...
<ul><li>heavy alcohol intake affects the liver and brain cells </li></ul><ul><li>provides non-nutritional calories </li></...
<ul><li>Causes of Alcoholism </li></ul><ul><li>No one knows for sure, but factors that may be responsible include </li></u...
Indicators of Alcoholism <ul><li>Frequent drinking binges. Drunkenness more than once a week. </li></ul><ul><li>A steady i...
Marijuana <ul><li>Marijuana distorts and confuses the perception of the world. </li></ul><ul><li>The short-term memory sys...
Amphetamines <ul><li>“ Uppers” create a sense of excitement, freedom, and energy.  </li></ul><ul><li>People build toleranc...
<ul><li>Steroids are used to increase body mass and muscular size. </li></ul><ul><li>Short-term use can cause people to lo...
Summary of Main Topics Covered Frustration Conflict Anxiety Stress Coping with Stress Substance Abuse Fight vs. Flight Gen...
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What is stress

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Find out the major causes of stress and how to deal with them!

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What is stress

  1. 1. Conflict, Stress, and Coping Stress S tress and conflict are part of everyday life. Those who can use stress as a motivator can achieve greater things. EXIT
  2. 2. Frustration Anxiety Stress Conflict Click on a term for more information. EXIT
  3. 3. Some can be serious, as when airline flights are cancelled or talents or abilities don’t measure up to expectations. Frustration Frustration may be defined as the emotion produced when we are blocked from reaching our goals. Most frustrations are minor (busy signals, traffic slowdowns, late arrivals, etc.). Stress Anxiety Conflict Click on a term for more information. EXIT
  4. 4. Conflict Conflict arises when a person needs to decide between two alternatives. Types of conflict: Approach - Approach Avoidance - Avoidance Approach - Avoidance Double Approach - Avoidance EXIT
  5. 5. Approach-Approach The person is attracted to two goals. The approach - approach conflict is not all bad. You have to decide between two attractive choices. EXIT
  6. 6. Approach - Avoidance The person is attracted to one goal but it comes with a negative aspect. The approach - avoidance conflict can be distressing. EXIT
  7. 7. Avoidance - Avoidance The person has to choose between them. The avoidance - avoidance conflict presents two undesirable goals. EXIT
  8. 8. Double Approach - Avoidance The person has two goals, each has both good and bad characteristics. The double approach - avoidance conflict is the most common. Frustration Stress Anxiety Click on a term for more information. EXIT
  9. 9. Anxiety Anxiety is a feeling of hopelessness, a feeling of fear or fright. It often follows feelings of frustration and conflict. Anxiety attacks can produce physical symptoms such as rapid heartbeat, chest pain, breathlessness or headache. Frustration Stress Conflict Click on a term for more information. EXIT
  10. 10. When stress is good and leads to something desirable such as studying for a big exam and then receiving a good grade on the exam, it is called eustress . When the stress has negative effects such as confusion, an inability to make decisions, and illness, it is called distress . Stress Stress is defined as the physical pressure and strain that result from change. EXIT
  11. 11. Sequence of Steps in the Fight or Flight Behaviors 1. The brain appraises a situation as threatening and dangerous. 2. The lower brain structure secretes a stress hormone. 3. The stress hormone signals the adrenal glands to secrete adrenaline . 4. This causes the muscles to tense, the heart to beat faster, and the liver to send out sugar to be used in the muscles. Fight or Flight EXIT
  12. 12. The General Adaptation Syndrome Defined as a series of stages the body goes through when exposed to stressful situations. 1. The alarm stage is the initial stage where the body prepares for attack—either psychological or physical. 2. The second stage is called the stage of resistance . The body uses up a great amount of energy to prepare for the stressor. 3. The third stage is exhaustion . It is marked by body exhaustion and health problems. Alarm Resistance Exhaustion EXIT
  13. 13. Some Psychological Stressors for High School Students Life Event Stress Points Divorce of parents 98 Expulsion from school 79 Major injury or illness 77 Getting a job 62 Major illness of close friend 56 Peer difficulties 45 Moving away 41 Christmas 30 Vacation 25 Traffic ticket 22 Frustration Anxiety Conflict Click on a term for more information. EXIT
  14. 14. Coping with Stress Issue of Control People deal better with stress if they have some degree of control in a stressful situation. Self-Concept If people don’t feel confident (have a positive self-concept), they will become anxious and withdrawn. Self-Esteem Worthwhile feelings people have. If we are expected to meet impossible standards, we often stop trying at all. EXIT
  15. 15. Regression Psychological Defense Mechanisms Psychological defense mechanisms are distortions (actions) that keep people psychologically stable. Examples include: Rationalization Projection Sublimation Reaction Formation Intellectualization Identification with the Aggressor Denial Displacement Repression Click on a term to have it defined. EXIT
  16. 16. Psychological Defense Mechanisms Psychological defense mechanisms are distortions (actions) that keep people psychologically stable. Examples include: Click on a term to have it defined. Pushing painful material out of consciousness Regression Rationalization Projection Sublimation Reaction Formation Intellectualization Identification with the Aggressor Denial Displacement Repression EXIT
  17. 17. Psychological Defense Mechanisms Psychological defense mechanisms are distortions (actions) that keep people psychologically stable. Examples include: Click on a term to have it defined. Refusing to admit a problem exists Regression Rationalization Projection Sublimation Reaction Formation Intellectualization Identification with the Aggressor Denial Displacement Repression EXIT
  18. 18. Psychological Defense Mechanisms Psychological defense mechanisms are distortions (actions) that keep people psychologically stable. Examples include: Click on a term to have it defined. Venting feelings on something not related to the frustration Regression Rationalization Projection Sublimation Reaction Formation Intellectualization Identification with the Aggressor Denial Displacement Repression EXIT
  19. 19. Psychological Defense Mechanisms Psychological defense mechanisms are distortions (actions) that keep people psychologically stable. Examples include: Click on a term to have it defined. Expressing the opposite of what one feels Regression Rationalization Projection Sublimation Reaction Formation Intellectualization Identification with the Aggressor Denial Displacement Repression EXIT
  20. 20. Psychological Defense Mechanisms Psychological defense mechanisms are distortions (actions) that keep people psychologically stable. Examples include: Click on a term to have it defined. Taking all feelings out of a frustrating situation Regression Rationalization Projection Sublimation Reaction Formation Intellectualization Identification with the Aggressor Denial Displacement Repression EXIT
  21. 21. Psychological Defense Mechanisms Psychological defense mechanisms are distortions (actions) that keep people psychologically stable. Examples include: Click on a term to have it defined. Taking on a punishing person’s characteristics Regression Rationalization Projection Sublimation Reaction Formation Intellectualization Identification with the Aggressor Denial Displacement Repression EXIT
  22. 22. Psychological Defense Mechanisms Psychological defense mechanisms are distortions (actions) that keep people psychologically stable. Examples include: Click on a term to have it defined. Moving backward and acting as a helpless child Regression Rationalization Projection Sublimation Reaction Formation Intellectualization Identification with the Aggressor Denial Displacement Repression EXIT
  23. 23. Psychological Defense Mechanisms Psychological defense mechanisms are distortions (actions) that keep people psychologically stable. Examples include: Click on a term to have it defined. Explaining a situation to avoid responsibility Regression Rationalization Projection Sublimation Reaction Formation Intellectualization Identification with the Aggressor Denial Displacement Repression EXIT
  24. 24. Psychological Defense Mechanisms Psychological defense mechanisms are distortions (actions) that keep people psychologically stable. Examples include: Click on a term to have it defined. Assigning to others our own thoughts and feelings Regression Rationalization Projection Sublimation Reaction Formation Intellectualization Identification with the Aggressor Denial Displacement Repression EXIT
  25. 25. Psychological Defense Mechanisms Psychological defense mechanisms are distortions (actions) that keep people psychologically stable. Examples include: Click on a term to have it defined. Channeling emotional energy into constructive or creative activity Regression Rationalization Projection Sublimation Reaction Formation Intellectualization Identification with the Aggressor Denial Displacement Repression EXIT
  26. 26. Healthy Characteristics EXIT Take credit for successes and responsibility for failures. Learn from both. Appreciate life. Don’t take yourself too seriously. Keep a sense of humor. Accept yourself. Take control of your life as much as possible. Develop a sense of independence.
  27. 27. Substance Abuse <ul><li>occurs when the use of drugs interferes with daily life . </li></ul><ul><li>occurs when the person has symptoms when using the drug. </li></ul><ul><li>occurs when the person uses more and more drugs. </li></ul><ul><li>occurs when the person spends large amounts of time in drug use. </li></ul>Substance abuse Substance dependence EXIT
  28. 28. <ul><li>heavy alcohol intake affects the liver and brain cells </li></ul><ul><li>provides non-nutritional calories </li></ul><ul><li>can lead to alcohol withdrawal delirium and hallucinations </li></ul><ul><li>synergistic effect increases dangers of alcohol and barbiturates when taken together </li></ul>Alcoholism Chemical effects: alcohol is a depressant (too much will lead to unconsciousness). Absorption takes 2-6 hours, depending on weight, amount, food intake, etc. Physical effects: EXIT
  29. 29. <ul><li>Causes of Alcoholism </li></ul><ul><li>No one knows for sure, but factors that may be responsible include </li></ul><ul><li>heredity </li></ul><ul><li>environment </li></ul><ul><li>genetic defects </li></ul><ul><li>social training </li></ul>EXIT
  30. 30. Indicators of Alcoholism <ul><li>Frequent drinking binges. Drunkenness more than once a week. </li></ul><ul><li>A steady increase in the amount of alcohol drunk. </li></ul><ul><li>Drinking in the morning. </li></ul><ul><li>Being drunk at school or at work. </li></ul><ul><li>Blackouts or not remembering events when drunk. </li></ul><ul><li>Drinking when confronting a crisis. </li></ul>EXIT
  31. 31. Marijuana <ul><li>Marijuana distorts and confuses the perception of the world. </li></ul><ul><li>The short-term memory system is directly affected. </li></ul>Nicotine <ul><li>Nicotine is found in tobacco products. It increases blood pressure and heart rate. It also leads to higher risks of heart disease and lung disease. </li></ul>EXIT
  32. 32. Amphetamines <ul><li>“ Uppers” create a sense of excitement, freedom, and energy. </li></ul><ul><li>People build tolerance for the drug. </li></ul><ul><li>Continued usage leads to strange images, convulsions, and paranoia. </li></ul>Cocaine <ul><li>Cocaine, unlike alcohol, is a stimulant. </li></ul><ul><li>Crack is a form of purified cocaine. </li></ul>EXIT
  33. 33. <ul><li>Steroids are used to increase body mass and muscular size. </li></ul><ul><li>Short-term use can cause people to lose control of emotions. </li></ul><ul><li>Long-term use can cause serious physical problems including heart trouble and infertility. </li></ul>LSD Opiates <ul><li>Opiates are sedatives that depress the brain. </li></ul><ul><li>They create a physical dependence. </li></ul><ul><li>LSD produces hallucinations and marked changes in behavior. </li></ul>Steroids EXIT
  34. 34. Summary of Main Topics Covered Frustration Conflict Anxiety Stress Coping with Stress Substance Abuse Fight vs. Flight General Adaptation Syndrome Psychological Stressors { { Psychological Defense Mechanisms Healthy Characteristics { Alcohol, Marijuana, Nicotine, Amphetamines, Cocaine, Opiates, LSD, Steroids EXIT
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