Informe satellite peru

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  • 1. Use of NOAA Data and Information in Meteorological Weather Service in Peru Jorge Chira jchira@senamhi.gob.pe Synoptic Meteorology Director Meteorological and Hidrological Weather Service Lima, Peru December 2008
  • 2. Outline • Introduction • Retrieve NOAA data and Products • Uses of NOAA products and services • Products and services of SENAMHI produced with NOAA data. • Recommendation to NOAA Direct Readout data Introduction The Meteorological and Hidrological Weather Service (SENAMHI) is the official institution to give forecasts and weather warning in Perù. SENAMHI for its activities needs many information coming with the aid of the World Weather Organization (WMO) and other national and international institutions like NOAA. The data and products coming from NOAA let achieve its functions such as helping to broadcasting data, getting satellite data and pictures, numerical model prediction data, climate outlooks and other predictions products among others. Another important contribution is the training programs, conferences and workshops that organizes and sponsoring. 2
  • 3. Retrieve NOAA data and Products SENAMHI retrieves NOAA data by several ways • Internet (ftp,telnet and Internet Explorer browser) • Marta Systems’ Direct-Readout Ground Stations and GVAR satellite receiver of GOES 12 • SUTRON GOES satellite Digital Direct Readout Ground Station (DDRGS) (updating to SIAP MICROS) • Corobor ISCS Antenna and Messir Vision satellite data distribution system operated by WAFS/ISCS. • Local Provider of Satellite Digital Images Uses of NOAA products and services By Internet SENAMHI is a user of gridded data of GFS numerical model from National Operational Model Archive and Distribution System (NOMADS), National Climatic Data Center (NCDC) and National Center for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) of following data: GFS 1x1 (rotating), GFS 0.5x0.5 (rotating) grib2, GFS Low Resolution (2 month archive), Reanalysis-2 pressure level, SST (Reynolds), OLR(NCDC), SST (NCDC), GFS (grib files of NCEP) SENAMHI uses also Sea Surface Data and Products from Pacific Marine Environmental Laborarory of TAO/TRITON, climate prediction products of Climate Prediction Center for El Niño/Southern Oscillation (ENSO) Diagnostic Discussion, and Monthly Atmospheric and SST Indices. Atmospheric Variables from NCEP or NCAR (National Center for Atmospheric Research )/NCEP Satellite pictures of GOES 10 from Centro de Previsão de Tempo e Estudos Climáticos-CPTEC (Brasil), Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies (CIMMS) and Cooperative Institue for Research in the Atmosphere (CIRA)/ Regional and Mesoscale Meteorology Branch (RAMM) By Marta Systems’ Direct-Readout Ground Station is a user of GOES 12 satellite pictures with GVAR receiver By SUTRON GOES satellite Digital Direct Readout Ground Station is an International User of Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES) Data Collection System (DCS). The use of GOES DCS is for monitoring meteorological, hidrological and oceanic parameters through Data Colection Plataforms (DCP`s) 3
  • 4. By ISCS Anntena and Corobor Messir Vision satellite is user of WAFS/ISCS data for GFS numerical model products and meteorological data. By Local Provider SENAMHI is user of NOAA satelite pictures In another hand NOAA through NCEP is giving training course to SENAMHI`s forecasters in the Sudamerican Desk. Whith this course SENAMHI is improving the capability to make forecasts. The conferences and worshops sponored by NOAA help to better understaning the Products and services of SENAMHI produced with NOAA data 1. Weather forecasting.- The meteorological data, numerical model (GFS) data and products and satellite pictures of NOAA (GOES 10 and GOES 12) is used to make public weather forecasts twice a day, serving to all country. 2. Numerical Weather Prediction.- The numerical data of GFS lets to run their own SENAMHI Eta model. 3. Weather Warning.- The meteorological data, numerical weather prediction products and satellite pictures of NOAA is used to make Weather Warning to Civil Defense Institution to risk disaster management. 4. Climate Prediction.- The meteorogical and oceanic data and numerical model products of NOAA aid to make Climate forecast for differents users such as Agriculture, Industry, Health and Water Management, also these products are used to monitoring and forecast El Niño/La Niña event. 5. Hidrological, Environmental and Agrometeorological prediction uses also numerical model products, satellite data (GOES 12, GOES 10). 6. Research.- The GOES and NOAA satellite pictures are used in research to estimate rainfall, radiation, glacier area, NDVI index among others. All these products are issued in the SENAMHI`s web page http://www.senamhi.gob.pe and http://wwis.inm.es/029/m029.htm We must say that NOAA data ad information is a great contribution to Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS). This information as a basis for the products and services of SENAMHI deliver and will enhance the benefits to society in such crucial areas as disaster warnings, human health, energy, water-resource management, weather and climate variability monitoring, ecosystems, agriculture, and biodiversity. 4
  • 5. Future and Recomendation to NOAA Direct Readout data Peru has been incorporated as member of GEOSS, in this sense SENAMHI is going to adquire EUMETCAST system to recieve data and products through this system at near future. SENAMHI recommends more training programs in GOES and POES satellite. It will desirable if NOAA can help to provide some advice to use satellite data and products such us ATOVS data to improve the local numerical model. PERU –RECEPCION SATELITAL SISTEMA SATELITE RESOLUCION USO PRINCIPAL Estación de recepción • GOES 12 ALTA • Pronostico del Tiempo GVAR • Climatología Sinóptica Marta System • Estimación de parámetros meteorológicos (lluvia, radiación, temperatura) Estación de recepción • MSG ALTA • Pronóstico del Tiempo Eumetcast (Eumetsat) • GOES 11 ALTA • GOES 12 ALTA Estación Terrena • GOES 12 -------------- • Recepción de Datos Estaciones Automáticas Antena ISCS • INTELSAT • Recepción de Datos VI meteorológicos y de productos del modelo numérico GFS Otros Medio SATELITE RESOLUCION USO PRINCIPAL Internet • Terra, Aqua ALTA • Estimación de Temperatura (imagen digital) (Modis) de Agua de Mar • GOES 12 ALTA • Estimación de lluvia • TRMM ALTA Proveedor Local • NOAA 15,17 ALTA Investigación en: de imagen digital • LANDSAT 7 ALTA • Índice de humedad (NDVI) (ETM) • Cobertura glacial • ASTER ALTA • Delimitación áreas cultivo • CBERS ALTA • Análisis multitemporal de uso y tipo de suelo, cultivos 5