<ul><li>Cost Savings Through Utility Analysis & Usage Control </li></ul><ul><li>Consumption, Consumption, Consumption!!! </li></ul><ul><li>You pay for what you use! </li></ul><ul><li>To pay less you must use less at the same rate! </li></ul><ul><li>Which buildings are using more energy? </li></ul><ul><li>Find out through usage monitoring! </li></ul><ul><li>Are your implemented energy management efforts succeeding? </li></ul><ul><li>Are there utility billing or metering errors? </li></ul><ul><li>Analyze your bills now! </li></ul><ul><li>Become vigilant of metering anomalies or usage pattern changes! </li></ul>
<ul><li>Cost Savings Through Utility Analysis & Usage Control </li></ul><ul><li>How we will reduce your usage! </li></ul><ul><li>Benchmarking </li></ul><ul><li>Helps identify in which buildings you should concentrate your energy management efforts. </li></ul><ul><li>Allows you to set realistic goals. </li></ul><ul><li>Load Factor Analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Identifies meter or billing problems. </li></ul><ul><li>Determines whether you should focus on reducing energy volume or demand. </li></ul><ul><li>Analysis may help identify buildings that are not energy efficient or are not being operated properly. </li></ul><ul><li>Weather Normalization (Degree Day Method) </li></ul><ul><li>Removes variation due to changes in weather in year to year comparisons, thereby giving a true picture of increases or decreases in energy usage. </li></ul><ul><li>Allows you to accurately track savings due to energy conservation projects. </li></ul><ul><li>Water Conservation Program </li></ul><ul><li>The utility that wastes the most money can be controlled by the least investment! </li></ul><ul><li>Reduction in flow equals less usage which results in lower costs! </li></ul><ul><li>All devices are replaced with 1.5 GPM units and all leaking toilets are repaired. </li></ul>
<ul><li>PLC vs. DDC </li></ul><ul><li>Either one can be used to reduce energy. PLC’s do it BETTER!!! </li></ul><ul><li>Select a simple PLC system from AVG Corporation, EZAutomation. </li></ul><ul><li>Cost of the controllers are lower than any DDC system. </li></ul><ul><li>All temperature sensors and most wiring can be re-used from an existing system to save on installation costs. </li></ul><ul><li>PLC controllers do not have to communicate with each other to function or to execute a local program. Stand alone, TCP/IP or distributed network architecture. </li></ul><ul><li>The touch screen graphic interface is simple and user friendly. </li></ul><ul><li>All programming software is a one time purchase per site regardless of how many controllers are installed. </li></ul><ul><li>Sequences are programmed using simple ladder logic and includes PID loop control for modulating analog sequences. </li></ul><ul><li>Controllers can be set up to utilize the Ethernet TCP/IP protocol and have been integrated into local area networks. Seamless Microsoft RDP allows remote communication, control and data acquisition. </li></ul>EMS Installation or Replacement
Mechanical Equipment Capital Improvements May Be Needed to Implement Cost Savings “ Fractional Fuel Savings” through equipment separation at large sites saves thousands of dollars!!! Main boilers are too large to produce DHW efficiently during May – October! Boiler cycling losses are compounded during this low load condition! Fractional Fuel Savings Calculation: E1 = efficiency of boiler #1 / E2 = efficiency of boiler #2 %Savings = 1-(E1/E2) %Savings = 1-(70%/96%) = 27% SAVINGS
Mechanical Equipment Capital Improvements May – October Seasonal Fuel Cost Savings (Example): Main Boiler Seasonal Usage = 22586 Dekatherms Cost per Dekatherm = $13.00 (February 2008) Total Utility Cost Using Large Boiler for DHW = $293,618.00 Installed High Efficiency DHW Heater Fuel Cost = 73% of $293,618.00 Calculated Cost of Fuel After Utility Reduction = $214,341.00 Calculated Savings First year = $79,277.00 Conservative Savings Based Other Losses = $60,000.00
Shut down large boilers During May - October Save 20% - 25% of Large boiler fuel costs Guaranteed!!!!! Cycling Losses A boiler cycle consists of a firing interval, a post-purge, an idle period, a pre-purge, and a return to firing. Boiler efficiency is the useful heat provided by the boiler divided by the energy input (useful heat plus losses) over the cycle duration. This efficiency decreases when short cycling occurs or when multiple boilers are operated at low firing rates. This decrease in efficiency occurs, in part, because fixed losses are magnified under lightly loaded conditions. For example, if the radiation loss from the boiler enclosure is 1% of the total heat input at full-load, at half-load the losses increase to 2%, while at one-quarter load the loss is 4%. In addition to radiation losses, pre- and post-purge losses occur. In the pre-purge, the fan operates to force air through the boiler to flush out any combustible gas mixture that may have accumulated. The post-purge performs a similar function. During purging, heat is removed from the boiler as the purged air is exhausted. Boiler Downsizing Fuel savings can be achieved by adding a smaller boiler sized to meet average loads at your facility, or by re-engineering the power plant to consist of multiple small boilers. Multiple small boilers offer reliability and flexibility to operators to follow load swings without over-firing and short cycling. Facilities with large seasonal variations in steam use operate small boilers when demand drops rather than operating their large boilers year-round.
Don’t Put Future Projects On HOLD Go for the GOLD!!!! Water Conservation Piping Replacements Electrical Panel Replacements, Lighting Upgrades Co-Generation, Solar Power Energy Management DSM Building Automation
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