Chemical Training Turfgrass Management
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Chemical Training Turfgrass Management

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Chemical Training Turfgrass Management Chemical Training Turfgrass Management Presentation Transcript

  • Turfgrass Management 3B Exam 3/4/2010
  • Turfgrass Management
    • Turf must have proper care and management and timely pest control to be attractive, have good color, and be free of weeds, insects and diseases.
    • Turfgrass management includes selecting the right grass, mowing, watering, fertilizing, and thatch control.
  • Turfgrass Problems
    • Determine the kind of grasses involved.
    • Find out why the problem occurred.
    • Determine if the problem is best corrected by management practices, soil modification, or pesticides.
  • Turfgrass Problems
    • Check to see if a chemical is labeled both for turfgrass species and disease.
    • Recommend good cultural practices that will assist in turfgrass recovery.
  • Preventive Disease Control
    • Water properly
    • Control thatch
    • Mow to the proper height
    • Mow grass frequently
    • Do not restrict air movement
    • Use blends of grasses
    • Provide good drainage
  • Preventive Disease Control
    • Fertilize properly
    • Follow a insect and weed control program
    • Do not plant grasses that are not adapted to your area.
  • How do you Diagnosis??
      • Identify the turf grass
      • Determine the weather conditions before and during disease development
      • Look at the soil structure and fertility
      • Review cultural and chemical management practices
      • Determine the overall distribution of the problem
  • How do you Diagnosis?
      • Observe symptoms on individual plants
      • Use reference materials
  • Largest Turfgrass Disease Category
    • FUNGUS
    • Not going to talk about them.
  • WEEDS
    • Any plant can be considered a weed if it is growing where it is not wanted.
  • Good Weed Control Program
    • Identify the desirable turfgrass
    • Identify the existing weeds
    • Combine pest control with good management practices
  • Types of Weeds
    • Broadleaf Weeds
    • Grassy Weeds
    • Annual weeds
    • Winter
    • Summer
    • Biennials
    • Perennials
  • Weed Control
    • Granular formulations are effective for preemergence herbicides.
    • Liquid formulations are better for postemergence control where foliar coverage is needed.
  • Broadleaf Weed Control
    • Spring and fall applications of postemergence herbicides normally give satisfactory control and reduce the possibility of damage to nontarget plants.
  • Grassy Weed Control
    • Control of annual grasses is best achieved with preemergence herbicide for general infestations and spot treatment with postemergence herbicides for localized infestations.
  • Factors Influencing Weed Control with Soil Applied Herbicides
    • Kinds of weeds
    • Application rate
    • Uniformity of application
    • Solubility of herbicide
    • Volatility of herbicide
    • Rainfall or irrigation
    • Soil type
    • Organic matter
  • Factors Influencing Weed Control with Foliage Applied Herbicides
    • Kinds of weeds
    • Application rate
    • Uniformity of application
    • Spray additives
    • Stage and rate of weed or crop growth
    • Loss due to rain or degradation by sunlight
    • Retention on leaves
  • Managing Insects
    • Inspect all lawn and turf areas on a regular basis
    • Learn how to ID important turf insect and their damage
    • Develop a sound pest management strategy
    • Select and apply insecticides carefully and only when necessary
    • Evaluate the success of the management program
  • Minimizing Pesticide Hazards
    • Make sure you are at the right location
    • Do not allow children or pets to remain in the area being sprayed.
    • Check neighboring areas for pets or people that may come into contact with drift
    • Remove toys, pet food dishes, birdfeeder, etc.
    • Avoid spray objects such as park benches or patio furniture.
    • Avoid fish ponds, bird bathes, and other water features
  • Minimizing Pesticide Hazards
    • Observe pesticide label restrictions
    • Sweep or rinse away all spills
    • Secure all pesticide containers or spray apparatus before moving
  • Parts of the Label
    • Brand Name
    • Common Name
    • Chemical Name
    • Type of Pesticide
    • Net Contents
    • Name and Address of Manufacturer
    • Registration & Establishment Numbers
  • Parts of the Label
    • Signal Words
      • Danger
      • Warning
      • Caution
    • Worker Protection Standards
    • Precautionary Statements
    • Statement of Practical Treatment
    • Environmental Statement
  • Parts of the Label
    • Physical or Chemical Hazard
    • Classification Statement
    • Storage and Disposal Statement
    • Direction for Use
  • Questions??