Passive voice powerpoint
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  • 1. Passive Voice
  • 2. Which text do you prefer? Why?   a. Ahir a la nit un assassí va assassinar tres persones a una botiga de Barcelona. La policia va detenir l’assassí uns minuts després i algú va trobar l’arma al seu cotxe.   b. Ahir a la nit tres persones van ser assassinades a una botiga de Barcelona. L’assassí va ser detingut uns minuts després i l’arma va ser trobada al seu cotxe. PASSIVE IS = ACTIVE???   NO! NOT INTERCHANGEABLE !
  • 3. Passive is more common in English “ Es parla anglès” “ Se habla inglés” “ On parle Anglais” “ Man spricht Englisch” “ Si parla Inglese” -Not common in informal, everyday language. -More common in formal, written language and in scientific and technical texts.   “ English is spoken” “ We speak English” REMEMBER use the active whenever possible. It’s easier and more common!
  • 4. So, ... when do we use the passive? These TV’s are made in Japan. – SUBJECT NOT IMPORTANT The post is delivered every day except Sundays. – SUBJECT EVIDENT My car was stolen last night. – SUBJECT UNKNOWN
  • 5. How is a passive sentence built?   The police arrested the murderer .   The murderer was arrested ( by the police ). Usually not mentioned. If you need to give that info, use an active sentence instead!
  • 6. Passive verbs have two parts:   TO BE in the appropriate tense PARTICIPLE (reg. verb +ed / irregulars: 3rd column) +
  • 7. TO BE Present simple: Present continuous: Past simple: Past continuous: Present perfect: Past perfect: Future:
  • 8. Fill in the blanks with a verb in the appropriate tense Present simple - A car is stolen every 2 minutes. Present continuous - Watch out! Your car is being stolen . Past simple - My car was stolen last night. Past continuous - My car was being stolen when a police officer saw it. Present perfect - Peter’s car has been stolen . Past perfect -When I left the cinema I saw that my car had been stolen . Future - Peter’s car doesn’t lock properly, I bet it will be stolen one of these days.
  • 9. Fill in the blanks with a verb in the appropriate tense Present simple - A car is stolen every 2 minutes. Present continuous - Watch out! Your car is being stolen . Past simple - My car was stolen last night. Past continuous - My car was being stolen when a police officer saw it. Present perfect - Peter’s car has been stolen . Past perfect -When I left the cinema I saw that my car had been stolen . Future - Peter’s car doesn’t lock properly, I bet it will be stolen one of these days.
  • 10. Fill in the blanks with a verb in the appropriate tense Present simple - A car is stolen every 2 minutes. Present continuous - Watch out! Your car is being stolen . Past simple - My car was stolen last night. Past continuous - My car was being stolen when a police officer saw it. Present perfect - Peter’s car has been stolen . Past perfect -When I left the cinema I saw that my car had been stolen . Future - Peter’s car doesn’t lock properly, I bet it will be stolen one of these days.
  • 11. Fill in the blanks with a verb in the appropriate tense Present simple - A car is stolen every 2 minutes. Present continuous - Watch out! Your car is being stolen . Past simple - My car was stolen last night. Past continuous - My car was being stolen when a police officer saw it. Present perfect - Peter’s car has been stolen . Past perfect -When I left the cinema I saw that my car had been stolen . Future - Peter’s car doesn’t lock properly, I bet it will be stolen one of these days.
  • 12. Fill in the blanks with a verb in the appropriate tense Present simple - A car is stolen every 2 minutes. Present continuous - Watch out! Your car is being stolen . Past simple - My car was stolen last night. Past continuous - My car was being stolen when a police officer saw it. Present perfect - Peter’s car has been stolen . Past perfect -When I left the cinema I saw that my car had been stolen . Future - Peter’s car doesn’t lock properly, I bet it will be stolen one of these days.
  • 13. Fill in the blanks with a verb in the appropriate tense Present simple - A car is stolen every 2 minutes. Present continuous - Watch out! Your car is being stolen . Past simple - My car was stolen last night. Past continuous - My car was being stolen when a police officer saw it. Present perfect - Peter’s car has been stolen . Past perfect -When I left the cinema I saw that my car had been stolen . Future - Peter’s car doesn’t lock properly, I bet it will be stolen one of these days.
  • 14. Fill in the blanks with a verb in the appropriate tense Present simple - A car is stolen every 2 minutes. Present continuous - Watch out! Your car is being stolen . Past simple - My car was stolen last night. Past continuous - My car was being stolen when a police officer saw it. Present perfect - Peter’s car has been stolen . Past perfect -When I left the cinema I saw that my car had been stolen . Future - Peter’s car doesn’t lock properly, I bet it will be stolen one of these days.
  • 15. So, ... it works exactly like Catalan or Spanish, right?
  • 16. They gave him a prize   OPTION A They gave him a prize     He was given a prize     When there are two objects, the indirect object usually becomes the subject of the passive sentence. OPTION B They gave him a prize     A prize was given to him